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The COVID-19 pandemic has raised questions about WHO’s authority to challenge states during serious outbreaks. In light of this statement, critically discuss the role of WHO as a global health leader. 

Model Answer WHO is a specialized agency of UN responsible for international public health. The objective of the Organization is to ensure the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. However, the COVID-19 pandemic and the controversies associated with it have raised questions about the credibility of WHO as a global

What do you understand by global warming? List out major reasons for increasing Earth’s temperature in the post-industrial revolution period.

Model Answer Global warming is the long-term heating of Earth’s atmosphere graduallydue to the accumulation of greenhouse gases that disturb the Earth’s heat budget. It has been increasing steadily since the industrial revolution according to ‘Nature’.The reasons behind this are human activities that include fossil-fuel burning and agriculture primarily. The world is now about 1.2C

Recently the Department of Space has released a draft“Humans in space policy for India-2021”. Briefly discuss the need for such a policy.

Model Answer Answer: India plans to have a sustained human presence in space. To achieve this,India is working on multiple fronts like technological development, research and collaboration, etc. The draft policy is a step in achieving this goal. Need for such a policy: It is being felt that given the collaborative nature of human spaceflight

Space debris has become a major issue for the world today. Discuss the problem caused due to space debris and also give solutions to it.

Model Answer Space debris are artificial material that is orbiting Earth but is no longer functional.These include derelict spacecraft, fragmentation debris from the breakup of derelict rocket bodies, solidified liquids expelled from spacecraft, unburned particles from solid rocket motors, etc. Problem: 7,500 tonnes:The estimated amount of defunct, artificially created objects that are currently in space. It threatens both