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Monsoon and factors determining the Climate of India

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MONSOON IN INDIA

FACTORS DETERMINING THE CLIMATE OF INDIA

Factors related to Location and Relief

Latitude 

The Himalayan Mountains

Distribution of Land and Water

Distance from the Sea

Altitude

Relief

Factors Related to Air Pressure and Wind

  1.  Distribution of air pressure and winds on the surface of the earth.
  2.  Upper air circulation caused by factors controlling global weather and the inflow of different air masses and jet streams.
  3.  Inflow of western cyclones generally known as disturbances during the winter season.
  4. Tropical depressions during the south-west monsoon period into India, creating weather conditions favorable to rainfall

Mechanism of Weather in the Winter Season

Surface Pressure and Winds

Jet Stream and Upper Air Circulation

Western Cyclonic Disturbance and Tropical Cyclones

Mechanism of Weather in the Summer Season

Surface Pressure and Winds

Southwest monsoon

Jet Streams and Upper Air Circulation

Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)

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