What is Seagrasses?
- Seagrasses are flowering plants that form dense underwater beds in shallow water. Distinct from seaweed, the plants provide shelter and food for a large range of animals, including fish, marine mammals and birds.
- Many seagrass meadows have been lost because of human activities, say researchers.
- Seagrasses are also knows as “lungs of the sea”
- Seagrass, which is found in shallow waters of coastal regions on every continent except Antarctica, is declining globally at a rate of about 2% a year.
- The loss of seagrass puts the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people at risk and exposes many people to increasing levels of poverty. “Seagrass loss also places the viability of our remaining populations of green turtle, dugong (also known as ‘sea cow’) and species of seahorse at risk.”