Case Study 3 – Ethics

You are Ms. A, an investigator working with an insurance company. Recently, a case was forwarded to you for investigation. This case pertains to an insurance claim of Rs. 2 crores, made with respect to the maturity of a life insurance policy. The company’s suspicion has been aroused because only 6 instalments of this policyContinue reading “Case Study 3 – Ethics”

Case Study-2 Ethics

You are the CEO of a prominent IT Company, based in Bengaluru. Recently, your company has successfully developed a software which seamlessly translates many regional languages into English. The applications of this software are multi-fold and are expected to generate a lot of revenue for the company. A few days after the software is released,Continue reading “Case Study-2 Ethics”

Case Study Ethics

A jawan in the Indian Army is extremely disillusioned with his present working conditions. Stationed at a high-altitude border post, he struggles with the hostile weather, the risk of enemy gunfire and the stress of constantly being in a state of high alertness. Such stress if further compounded by the poor living conditions and aContinue reading “Case Study Ethics”

What are the challenges associated with the institutional and societal framework for fighting corruption? (150 words – 10 marks)

The legal and institutional framework to curb corruption is well developed in the country and there are various bodies in place for implementing anti-corruption policies and raising awareness on corruption issues, but still it faces the following problems:  CVC: Needs prior sanction to prosecute. Cannot probe officials below Joint Secretary level until government refersContinue reading “What are the challenges associated with the institutional and societal framework for fighting corruption? (150 words – 10 marks)”

A committed bureaucracy must be cautious about who it is committed to. Explain.

A committed bureaucracy is conducive to national development only when its commitment is towards public welfare. If this commitment is misunderstood and the bureaucracy unflinchingly starts serving a political leader or party, it can prove disastrous for the nation. E.g. German officers under the Nazi’s who blindly supported Hitler led to the downfall of their own nation.Continue reading “A committed bureaucracy must be cautious about who it is committed to. Explain.”

Question on Growth of Naxalism

“Being the centers of concentration of the industrial proletariat, urban areas play an important part within the political strategy of the new Democratic Revolution”. Examine this statement in the light of rising Maoist activity in the urban areas and why is it essential to keep a close watch on Maoist activities in towns and cities?Continue reading “Question on Growth of Naxalism”

What is dynamic pricing? Examine the ethical issues involved in dynamic pricing by a private firm and by a govt. organization. (150 words – 10 marks)

Dynamic pricing is a pricing strategy wherein the price is not firmly set; instead it changes based on changing circumstances, such as increases in demand at certain times, type of customer being targeted or changing marketing conditions. The fundamental concern w.r.t. dynamic pricing strategies is the availability of viable alternatives. This ensures that any such mechanism providesContinue reading “What is dynamic pricing? Examine the ethical issues involved in dynamic pricing by a private firm and by a govt. organization. (150 words – 10 marks)”

Discuss the Seven Principles of Public Life given by the Nolan Committee. (150 words – 10 marks)

The Nolan Committee provides 7 Principles which state that holders of public office should: i) Selflessness: act solely in terms of the public interest. They should not do so in order to gain financial or other benefits for themselves, their family or their friends. ii) Integrity: Not place themselves under any financial or other obligationContinue reading “Discuss the Seven Principles of Public Life given by the Nolan Committee. (150 words – 10 marks)”

When the objective is noble, the means do not matter. Do you agree? Justify your stand with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

No, I do not completely agree with the statement. Even if the objective is noble, the means through which it is to be achieved must not be compromised. For, if they are compromised, the objective itself may lose relevance. A case in point is the program of forced sterilizations that India witnessed in the 1970s.Continue reading “When the objective is noble, the means do not matter. Do you agree? Justify your stand with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)”

It is easier to build a boy than to mend a man. Discuss this statement in the light of selecting an individual for public office. 150 words

The basis of the statement lies in two elements: firstly, that it is possible to change behavior but very difficult to change attitudes; secondly, that as one ages,attitudes become more rigid and difficult to change. Thus, the earlier we introduce interventions to correct or improve behaviours and attitudes, the greater the chances of a meaningful impact. WithContinue reading “It is easier to build a boy than to mend a man. Discuss this statement in the light of selecting an individual for public office. 150 words”

 What is service quality? How can it be improved? (150 words – 10 marks)

Service quality can be defined as the difference between customer expectations and customer perceptions. If expectations are greater than the customer’s perceptions about service experience and outcome, the perceived quality is not satisfactory. This emphasizes the fact that in assessing service quality, it is the perspective of the customer that should be given precedence. ImprovingContinue reading ” What is service quality? How can it be improved? (150 words – 10 marks)”

Everything about Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese Encephalitis It is a viral disease that infects animals and humans. In humans, it can cause inflammation of membrane around the brain. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. JEV is a mosquito-borne flavivirus and belongs to the same genus as dengue, yellow fever and West NileContinue reading “Everything about Japanese Encephalitis”


TRAPPIST-1: It is an ultra-cool dwarf star about 40 light years away, located in the constellation Aquarius. It is named after the telescope that discovered this system – TRAPPIST (Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescop) in Chile. The planets have sizes and masses comparable to the Earth and Venus. It is an ultra-cool star (unlikeContinue reading “TRAPPIST-1:”

How is atomic bomb different from hydrogen bomb?

How is atomic bomb different from hydrogen bomb? A hydrogen bomb, also called a thermonuclear bomb or an H-bomb. It is far more powerful than the relatively simple atomic weapons. It uses a second stage of reactions to magnify the force of an atomic explosion. The second stage is fusion. Fusion is mashing hydrogen atomsContinue reading “How is atomic bomb different from hydrogen bomb?”

India Japan Strategic Relationship

Strategic partnership: Defence ties Both the countries have agreed to enhance exchanges between their forces with more bilateral exercises and exchanges in the field of technology at a time when India wants to increase domestic defence production. The Armies of both nations will hold a joint exercise on anti-terrorism in 2018 for the first time.Continue reading “India Japan Strategic Relationship”


Dhruv: Dhruv has been indigenously designed and developed by the HAL, and is powered by the Shakti engine jointly developed with Turbomeca of France. It is a twin engine, multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter. It is superior to the other helicopters used by the Army such as Cheetah and Chetak, both of which have singleContinue reading “Dhruv:”


Biofilms: A biofilm is an assemblage of microbial cells that is irreversibly associated (not removed by gentle rinsing) with a surface and enclosed in a matrix of primarily polysaccharide material. Van Leeuwenhoek, using his simple microscopes, first observed microorganisms on tooth surfaces and can be credited with the discovery of microbial biofilms. Microorganisms that formContinue reading “Biofilms”

Solar storms:

Solar storms: It could refer to the following: Coronal mass ejection: Corona, the outer solar atmosphere, is structured by strong magnetic fields. Where these fields are closed, often above sunspot groups, the confined solar atmosphere can suddenly and violently release bubbles of gas and magnetic fields called coronal mass ejections. Solar flares: These are intense burst ofContinue reading “Solar storms:”

Buxa Tiger Reserve:

Buxa Tiger Reserve: It is located in Alipurduar district of West Bengal. It was notified as a tiger reserve in 1983. The tiger reserve has an area of about 758 sq km. Out of this, 390 sq km lies in the core area and 367 sq km in the buffer zone. Some parts of the reserveContinue reading “Buxa Tiger Reserve:”

H1N1 Flu:

H1N1 Flu: It is a respiratory disease caused by a strain of the influenza type A virus known as H1N1. H1N1 Flu is also known as swine flu. It is called swine flu because in the past the people who caught it had direct contact with pigs. It can be transmitted from one person toContinue reading “H1N1 Flu:”

How will NSG membership help India? 

How will NSG membership help India?  Clean energy push: India is a growing country with massive energy needs. It has set for itself an ambitious goal of sourcing 40% of its power from non-fossil sources and here is where nuclear energy comes into play. India will need latest technology and NSG membership will come inContinue reading “How will NSG membership help India? “


Hyperloop: It is a system where magnetically levitating capsules are sent at high speeds through low-pressure tubes. It was entrepreneur Elon Musk who came up with the idea for a hyperloop. The Hyperloop project is being pegged as a mode of transport different from rail, mainly due to following reasons: It is said to beContinue reading “Hyperloop”

10 ‘noble commitments’ for global transformation by PM Modi

10 Commitments and Suggestions: 1. Creating Safer World: It can be achieved by organised and coordinated action on issues like counter-terrorism, cyber security and disaster management. 2. Creating Greener World: It can be achieved by taking concerted action on countering climate change. For e.g initiatives like International Solar Alliance. 3. Creating Enabled World: It canContinue reading “10 ‘noble commitments’ for global transformation by PM Modi”

Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK)

Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK) A single non-lapsable corpus fund Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK) will work as a repository for the revenue of the Secondary and Higher Education Cess. It will be inducted to help the education schemes for which demand exceeds budgetary allocations. A non-lapsable reserve fund means that if theContinue reading “Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK)”


NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRICING AUTHORITY: The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs and equipments in India. NPPA is an organization of the Government of India which was established to fix/ revise the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations and to enforce prices and availabilityContinue reading “NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRICING AUTHORITY:”

Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

 • Lays out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in. • Defines the nature of a country’s political system; plays a crucial role in laying out certain important guidelines that govern decision-making within these societies. • Provides a set of basic rules thatContinue reading “Purpose and functions of a Constitution:”

Khadi and Freedom movement

Khadi and Freedom movement Khadi owes its revival to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi who saw it as a tool to become self-reliant and independent. Britishers bought raw materials at cheaper rate from India and sold their costly finished products in India. This unfavourable balance of trade was first brought to the mainstreamContinue reading “Khadi and Freedom movement”


FASTag is a device that employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it. It is affixed on the windscreen of the vehicle and enables to drive through toll plazas, without stopping for cash transactions. The tag can be purchased from Tag issuers andContinue reading “FASTags:”

Biomes of the World

Equatorial Zone Equatorial rainforest – around equator Amazon rainforest, Congo basin, and east indies Uniform weather through out the year Rains in the afternoons Double rainfall peaks coinciding with the equinoxes Canopy structure – layered trees Epiphytes Unfertile soil Abundance of species Difficult to penetrate the jungle Cloud Forests – relates to Selvas Hardwood treesContinue reading “Biomes of the World”

Minerals of India

Minerals Metallic  Ferrous – Iron, manganese Non Ferrous – Cu, Bauxite Non Metallic  Fuel – Coal, Oil, petroleum Others – mica, limestone, granite Iron ore  India has largest reserve in Asia Haematite and magnetite Northern Orissa – Rourkela steel plant (German collaboration) Jharkand – Jamshedpur , Bokaro steel plant (Russian collaboration) Chattisgarh – Bhilai steelContinue reading “Minerals of India”

Everything about Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai Details : Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the foremost leaders who fought against British rule in India. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari (Lion of the Punjab). Lala Lajpat Rai was born in January 1865 and got martyrdom on November, 17, 1928. Lala Lajpat Rai joined the Government College atContinue reading “Everything about Lala Lajpat Rai”