• It is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft or land.
• It is a joint venture between the Russia’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation.
• It has derived its name from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
• It travels at the speed of Mach 2.8 to 3.0.
• The missile is first propelled by a solid propellant booster engine that takes it to supersonic speeds.
• After it separates, the missile is accelerated further to around three times the speed of sound (mach 3) in the cruise phase with a liquid ramjet.
• It has a flight range upto 290 Km.
• Recently, the range variants were upgraded from 290 km to 450 km after India joined the Missile Technology Control Regime.
Fire and Forget:
• It operates on ‘Fire and Forget Principle’, adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target.
• It takes a variety of trajectories while in flight and is equipped with advanced guidance technology.
• Its stealth features also give it a low radar signature.
Air-launched cruise missile (ALCM):
• It is a cruise missile that is launched from a military aircraft.
• Its current versions are typically standoff weapons which are used to attack predetermined land targets with conventional, nuclear or thermonuclear payloads.
• It is a twin-jet multirole air superiority fighter jet.
• It was developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under licence by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for the Indian Air Force.
• It is a heavy, all-weather, long-range fighter jet.
• It has a maximum speed of 2 Mach with a single in flight range of 3,000 Km.
• It can carry a payload of 8,000 Kg upto a maximum altitude of 17 Km.
• Till date, Brahmos ALCM is the heaviest weapon to be deployed on the Su-30 MKI.
Completes cruise missile triad:
• The land and sea variants of Brahmos are already operational with the Indian Army and the Navy.
• The successful maiden test firing will significantly bolster the IAF’s air combat operations capability from stand-off ranges.
• The armed forces now have a multi-platform, multi-mission cruise missile that can be launched from land, sea and air.
• This completes the tactical cruise missile triad for India which is a world record.