Explain De-urbanisation phenomenon during British rule

“In the late eighteenth century, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities. They became the centres of British power in the different regions of India. At the same time, a host of smaller cities declined. Many towns manufacturing specialised goods declined due to a drop in the demand for what they produced.Continue reading “Explain De-urbanisation phenomenon during British rule”

National Population Policy 2002

National Population Policy 2002  long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045  To address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel  To provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care.  Maternal Mortality Rate: below 100 per lakh birth.  Infant Mortality Rate: 30 perContinue reading “National Population Policy 2002”

Features of Sunderbans

Feature of Sunderbans  It is classified as a moist tropical forest.  It is a UNESCO world heritage site.  Recognised under Ramsar wetland site  Dominated by “ Sundri tree”  Largest single block of halophytic mangrove forest in the world.  It has common features of the both estuarine and mangrove ecosystem.  AgentContinue reading “Features of Sunderbans”

Everything about HAJ Policy

About Haj Haj is one of the most complex organizational tasks undertaken by Government of India outside its borders. It is a five day religious congregation and a virtually a year-long managerial exercise. Indian Haj pilgrims who constitute one of the largest national group perform Haj through two streams: The Haj Committee of India (HCOI) RegisteredContinue reading “Everything about HAJ Policy”

Railway Zones of India and Their Divisions

Railway Zones of India and Their Divisions The journey of railways in Indian sub-continent started in 1853 with 34 kilometers (kms). First rail ran on 16th April, 1853 and covered the 21-mile distance in about 75 minutes from Bombay to Thane. The Railway Board in 1950 decided for the regrouping of the Indian Railways intoContinue reading “Railway Zones of India and Their Divisions”

Steps to Tackle Maoism

Proactive policing Security forces are no longer reactive. Example of Gariaband region in Chhattisgarh: When the Maoists decided to deepen their roots into Gariaband, the State government notified this division as a new district (in 2012). This gave a fillip to development work. Many new police stations and security camps were set up to prevent anyContinue reading “Steps to Tackle Maoism”

Everything about Ramkrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission • It is an embodiment of the synthesis of ancient Indian and modern western cultures. • Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (1836-86) was the founder of this socio-religious movement. • Formally, the Mission was founded in May 1897 by Paramahamsa’s disciple, Narendranath Dutta, who was later on known as Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902). Objectives of the Mission •Continue reading “Everything about Ramkrishna Mission”

Everything about Steel Sector

About Steel sector • In 2016-17, India’s total ‘Finished Steel Production’ for sale was around 100 MT with an apparent consumption of about 85 MT. Thus production of finished steel was sufficient to meet its present demand in the country and also for exports. • The domestic steel sector contributes around 2% of the country’s GDPContinue reading “Everything about Steel Sector”

Linguistic commissions

Dhar Commission There was a demand from different regions, mainly South India, for reorganization of States on linguistic basis. Consequently, in June 1948, the Government of India appointed the Linguistic Provinces Commission under the chairmanship of S.K.Dhar to study the feasibility of organizing states on Linguistic basis. The Commission, later on, rejected the linguistic basisContinue reading “Linguistic commissions”

Sources of the Constitution :

Sources of the Constitution 1. Government of India Act of 1935: Federal Scheme, Office of governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commissions, Emergency provisions and administrative details. 2. British Constitution: Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, legislative procedure, single citizenship, cabinet system, prerogative writs, parliamentary privileges and bicameralism. 3. US Constitution: Fundamental rights, independence of judiciary, judicial review,Continue reading “Sources of the Constitution :”

Everything about Seventh Schedule

The Union List or List-I is a list of 100 items (the last item is numbered 97) given in Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India on which Parliament has exclusive power to legislate. The legislative section is divided into three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Unlike the federal governments of theContinue reading “Everything about Seventh Schedule”

Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Unitary Features of Indian constitution: 1.     The States of Indian Don’t have their own constitution as in the states of USA and Australia have their own constitution. 2.     Uniform and single Citizenship in India (Australia and USA have double citizenship). 3.     Parliament can make the changes of territorial extent of a State without its consent.Continue reading “Unitary Features of Indian constitution:”

Federal Features of Indian Constitution

The main federal features of the Indian Constitution are as follows: 1. Written Constitution: The Indian Constitution is a written document containing 395 Articles and 12 schedules, and therefore, fulfils this basic requirement of a federal government. In fact, the Indian Constitution is the most elaborate Constitution of the world. 2. Supremacy of the Constitution:Continue reading “Federal Features of Indian Constitution”

Everything about Agricultural Crisis

The main reasons for farm crises are: Slow agriculture growth: Agriculture shrank to just 18 percent of the GDP in 2013-14; and further shrinking is projected given agriculture’s lower growth rate compared to other sectors. The agriculture growth rates have been unsteady in the recent past. 2012-13: 1.5% 2013-14: 5.6% 2014-15: (-) 0.2% 2015-16: 0.7%.Continue reading “Everything about Agricultural Crisis”

Everything about Great White Pelican

Great White Pelican • It is a bird in the pelican family. • It is also known as the eastern white pelican, rosy pelican or white pelican. Telegram:  https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Geographic distribution • It is mainly found in southeastern Europe, Asia and Africa. Behaviour • Northern populations of this species are fully migratory and travel viaContinue reading “Everything about Great White Pelican”

Everything about Kolleru Lake

Kolleru Lake • It is the largest freshwater lake and is located in Andhra Pradesh. • It is located between Krishna and Godavari delta and covers an area of 308 km². • The lake serves as a natural flood-balancing reservoir for these two rivers. • The lake is fed directly by water from the seasonalContinue reading “Everything about Kolleru Lake”

Artificial Intelligence and it’s application

Artificial Intelligence • It is a term coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Dartmouth conference, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. • It is an area of computer science that emphasises on the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. • Some of the activities which computers with artificial intelligence are designed,Continue reading “Artificial Intelligence and it’s application”

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Scheme

It was launched to promote agricultural education. Under the scheme 100 centres are opened with a fund of Rs.5.35 crore. “Attracting and retaining youth in Agriculture (ARYA)” is a project sanctioned by the Indian Council of Agriculture (ICAR) and is being implemented at Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs). The main objective of the project was to provideContinue reading “Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Unnat Krishi Shiksha Scheme”

Scheme: UDAAN

The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K. The scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders. The key stakeholders are Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), State Government (Jammu & Kashmir), Corporates and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). UDAAN (Giving Wings to Girl Students)Continue reading “Scheme: UDAAN”

Krishi Vigyan Kendras

Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) are agricultural extension centers created by ICAR to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector. It is created to serve as a single window mechanism for addressing the technology needs of farmers and acts as a link among researchers, extension functionaries like NGOs and farmers. The farm support includesContinue reading “Krishi Vigyan Kendras”

Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on farmers in India.

Approach: ● Introduce with what is globalisation ● Positives and Negative impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture ● What measures were taken to safeguard farmers ● Way forward Answer: Globalization aims at integrating national economy with that of the world. Increased free and open international trade, foreign investment, technology exchange etc. are all integral to the globalisedContinue reading “Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on farmers in India.”

What are the various forms in which gender based violence manifests. Discuss the causes that lead to it. Do you agree that it remains biggest impediment to the advancement of women in India?

Approach: ● Introduce with what gender violence is ● Talk about various forms of violence – preferably under different categories ● Talk about the causes – can break it into various categories. ● Discuss aspects of women development that get affected by gender violence ● Conclude by summarizing and giving brief suggestions to end genderContinue reading “What are the various forms in which gender based violence manifests. Discuss the causes that lead to it. Do you agree that it remains biggest impediment to the advancement of women in India?”

Everything about INS Kalvari

INS Kalvari • INS Kalvari is a Scorpene-class submarine described as a “deadly predator”. • It is one of six built by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai as a part of Project-75 of the Indian Navy. • Kalvariis a potent Man o’ War capable of undertaking offensive operations spanning across the entire spectrum of MaritimeContinue reading “Everything about INS Kalvari”

Everything about special courts for politicians

• The Centre has informed the Supreme Court that it will set up at least 12 special courts to try exclusively criminal cases involving MPs and MLAs. Issues • Criminalisation of politics has remained a key issue. In 2014, as many as 1,581 lawmakers were facing prosecution in a mind-boggling 13,500 cases. • It took years,Continue reading “Everything about special courts for politicians”

Everything about Mi8 Helicopter

• Indian Air Force is phasing out the Mi-8 helicopters. • Mi-8 helicopter has been used in numerous operations, missions, expeditions and movements conducted by IAF. • Most of the Indian Air Force Officials have called the helicopter ‘iconic’. Mi-8 helicopters • They are a utility and medium sized assault helicopter. Induction in IAF •Continue reading “Everything about Mi8 Helicopter”

GST- Pros and Cons of Electricity Inclusion

Why should electricity be brought in GST 1. Multiplicity of rates Currently, there is a confusing number of electricity taxes that vary by states and across user categories (lower tax rates for consumers and high for industrial users). Taxes levied by the states thus vary from 0% to 25%. The current situation imposes large costsContinue reading “GST- Pros and Cons of Electricity Inclusion”

Everything about TFA, GATS and  WTO Ministerial Conference

The Ministerial Conference is the highest decision-making body of the WTO and meets at least once every two years. Main points of discussion in MC11 Service negotiation under GATS will be on priority: Domestic regulation: to address the contentious issue of professional visa fee hikes by the likes of the US and UK, which India hasContinue reading “Everything about TFA, GATS and  WTO Ministerial Conference”

Effects of Globalization on Indian Culture and Society

Effects of Globalization on Indian Culture Globalisation has affected what we eat and the way we prepare food (Mcdonaldization), what we wear , purchase etc( Walmartization). There is trend toward homogenization of culture with similar food habits, dressing pattern, music, news , TV programs, movies etc. However, there is also increasing tendency toward Glocalization ofContinue reading “Effects of Globalization on Indian Culture and Society”

Effects of Globalization on Indian Economy

Effects of Globalization on Indian Economy 1. Liberalization– main features of liberalization policy were:- (i) General reduction in role of state in economic governance. (ii) Withdrawal by state from many economic sectors and its replacement by the private sectors. (iii) Decline in the public sector spending in basic and key industries like banking, insurance andContinue reading “Effects of Globalization on Indian Economy”

Everything about Missiles

What is a missile? A missile is essentially a sophisticated bomb which after being released is governed by the laws of ballistics. The laws of ballistics means only the force of gravity acts upon it. It can be made more accurate and faster by attaching a propulsion system to the bomb and then it isContinue reading “Everything about Missiles”

China Myanmar Economic Corridor

China and Myanmar have moved a step closer on negotiating the China-Myanmar economic corridor. This initiative is being given a high priority on account of the stalled Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) connectivity proposal. The negotiations for the formation of the BCIM corridor have virtually been stalled after Beijing went ahead with its plans to establish the China-PakistanContinue reading “China Myanmar Economic Corridor”

Everything about Aerial Refueling

Air to air refuelling It is also known as Aerial refuelling, air refuelling, in-flight refuelling and tanking. It is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft to another during flight. During air-to-air refuelling, both aircraft must maintain accurate flying parameters. The two main refuelling systems are: Probe-and-drogue: It requires exceptional flying skills asContinue reading “Everything about Aerial Refueling”