Q9. Consider the following statements regarding biodiversity hotspot:
1. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both threatened with destruction and is a significant reservoir of biodiversity.
2. The German biologist Ernst Haeckel coined the term “biodiversity hotspot”.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2
Exp: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that is both a significant reservoir of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. The term biodiversity hotspot specifically refers to 25 biologically rich areas around the world that have lost at least 70 percent of their original habitat. The remaining natural habitat in these biodiversity hotspots amounts to just 1.4 percent of the land surface of the planet, yet supports nearly 60 percent of the world’s plant, bird, mammal, reptile, and amphibian species. The British biologist Norman Myers coined the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988 as a biogeographic region characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and by serious levels of habitat loss. The word “Ecology” was given by a German biologist, Ernst Haeckel in 1869. Sir Arthur Tansley coined the term “Ecosystem” in 1935.