• Chandrayaan-2, the lunar mission, will be launched in April this year.
• Under this mission ISRO for the first time will attempt to land a rover on the Moon’s south pole.
• In Chandrayaan-1 mission, ISRO has spotted water on the moon.
• Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of the project as it also involves landing a rover on the moon.
• It is India’s second mission to the Moon.
• It is developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
• The mission is planned to be launched to the Moon by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk III (GSLV III).
• It is a totally indigenous mission comprising of an Orbiter, Lander and Rover.
• The Orbiter would orbit around the moon and perform the objectives of remote sensing the moon.
• The payloads on the Orbiter will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice.
• After reaching the 100 km lunar orbit, the Lander housing the Rover will separate from the Orbiter.
• After a controlled descent, the Lander will soft land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a Rover.
• The six-wheeled Rover will be made to land near the yet-unexplored south pole of the Moon. It is a very tricky area with rocks formed a million years ago. This could possibly help us understand the origin of universe.
• Most of the lunar missions in the past have explored the area around the equator of the moon.
• It will move around the landing site in semi-autonomous mode as decided by the ground commands.
• The instruments on the rover will observe the lunar surface and send back data, which will be useful for analysis of the lunar soil.