Polity Prelims 509

With regard to the executive power relating to the concurrent subjects in seventh schedule, consider the following statements:
1. A law on concurrent subject is to be ordinarily enacted and executed by the Union.
2. A law to implement any international treaty on concurrent list is enacted by the Parliament but executed by the State.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
With regard to the matters included in Concurrent List, the executive function shall ordinarily remain with states, but subject to the provisions of the Constitution or of any law of the Parliament conferring such function expressly upon the Union. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
Under Article 73(1) (b), the executive power to implement any treaty or international agreement belongs exclusively to the Union, whether the subject pertains to the Union, State or Concurrent List. Hence, statement 2 is incorrect.