Polity Prelims 510

With reference to the provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996, consider the following statements:
1. In the Scheduled areas, at least one-half of the seats in every panchayat are reserved for members of the scheduled tribes.
2. The Gram Sabha shall be responsible for the coordination of planning and implementation of development projects in the scheduled areas involving acquisition of land.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A.
1 only
B.
2 only
C.
Both 1 and 2
D.
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996” (PESA), extends Part IX of the Constitution with certain modifications and exceptions, to the Fifth Schedule Areas notified under article 244(1) of the Constitution.
Statement 1 is correct. In the scheduled areas, atleast one-half of the seats in every panchayat are reserved for members of the scheduled tribes.
Statement 2 is incorrect. The Gram Sabha or appropriate Panchayat shall be consulted before acquisition of land for development projects as well as rehabilitation and resettlement of affected persons in the Scheduled areas. The actual planning and coordination of projects shall be conducted at the state level.

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