Which of the following signifies Federal spirit of the Indian Constitution?
1. Article 345
2. Article 370
3. Article 371-B
4. Seventh Schedule
5. Ninth Schedule
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
1, 2, 3 and 4
1, 3 and 4
1, 4 and 5
2, 3 and 5
Art. 345: The Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State: Provided that, until the Legislature of the State otherwise provides by law, the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution.
Art. 370: Article 370 of the Indian Constitution deals with the special status given to the state of Jammu & Kashmir. It provides a fairly high degree of autonomy to the state, enables the state to have its own Constitution (unique in an Indian context) which permits the state to give some special privileges to its “permanent resident.
Art. 371B: It is a special provision with respect to the State of Assam. It is mostly related to functioning of Legislative Assembly and Sixth schedule. Under this the President may provide for the constitution and functions of a committee of the Legislative Assembly of the State consisting of members of that Assembly elected from the tribal areas of the Sixth Schedule and such number of other members of that Assembly as may be specified in the order and for the modifications to be made in the rules of procedure of that Assembly for the constitution and proper functioning of such committee.
In a federal polity subjects/powers are divided between Central government and States as enshrined under Seventh Schedule to the Indian Constitution.
Thus, all the above signifies federal spirit of the Indian Constitution, except the Ninth Schedule, which provides that articles/laws mentioned in this schedule, are immune from Judicial Review.