The division of Mauryan society into seven categories was particularly mentioned in
Indica of Megasthenes
Indica is the book written by Megasthenes, who stayed as Ambassador of Seleukos Nikator at Chandragupta Maurya’s court at Pataliputra for several years around 300 B.C.. He wrote that the society generally was divided into seven categories – the wise men (Brahmins), farmers, herdsmen, artisans, soldiers, over-seers (supervisors), and government officials including army and navy officers
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