Prelims 239

With reference to Indian freedom struggle, consider the following statements:
1. C.R Das and Moti Lal Nehru formed the Congress-Khilafat Swaraj Party.
2. In 1919, Gandhiji was elected President of the All-India Khilafat Conference.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
None of these
Explanation :
The Khilafat Movement (1919-20) was essentially a movement to express Muslim support for the Caliph of Turkey against the allied powers particularly Britain. The Swaraj Party or Swarajaya Party established as the Congress-KhilafatSwarajaya Party, was a political party formed in India in January 1923 after the Gaya annual conference in December 1922 of the National Congress, that sought greater self-government and political freedom for the Indian people from the British Raj. It was inspired by the concept of Swaraj. The two most important leaders were Chittaranjan Das, who was its president and Motilal Nehru, who was its secretary. Hence statement 1 is correct.
Gandhiji was elected President of the All-India Khilafat Conference which met at Delhi on November 23, 1919. They decided to withdraw all cooperation from the government if their demands were not met. Hence statement 2 is also correct.