Prelims 321

With reference to Tebhaga movement, consider the following statements:
1. It was initiated by the Kisan Sabha in Awadh region in UP.
2. The demand of the movement was to reduce the share given to landlords.
3. It was a non-violent movement based on Satyagraha.
Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?
1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Explanation :
The Tebhaga movement was a significant peasant agitation, initiated in Bengal by the Kisan Sabha (peasants front of Communist Party of India) in 1946-1947. At that time share-cropping peasants (essentially, tenants) had to give half of their harvest to the owners of the land.
The demand of the Tebhaga (sharing by thirds) movement was to reduce the share given to landlords to one third. In many areas the agitations turned violent, and landlords fled villages leaving parts of the countryside in the hands of Kisan Sabha. As a response to the agitations, the then Muslim League ministry in the province launched the Bargadari Act, which provided that the share of the harvest given to the landlords would be limited to one third of the total. But the law was not fully implemented.