Prelims 326

Consider the following pairs:
Committee Objective
1. Butler committee: to clarify the relationship between the British crown and the Princely states.
2. Hunter Committee: to involve more Indians in Civil Service
3. Hartog Committee: spreading English learning and female education in India
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
1 only
1 and 3 only
2 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3
Explanation :
The Indian states committee or Butler committee in 1927 was appointed to investigate and clarify the relationship between the paramount power and the Princes. Pair 1 is correct.
The Hunter Committee was formed to enquire the Punjab wrongs and actions of General Dyer, Hartog Committee was constituted in 1929 to assess the state of education. Pairs 2 and 3 are incorrect.
Sir Charles Wood, the President of the Board of Control of the English East India Company, had an important effect on spreading English learning and female education in India. In 1854 he sent the “Wood’s dispatch” to the Governor General Lord Dalhousie.
The Aitchison Commission (Public Service Commission) was set up in 1886 under the chairmanship of Sir Charles Aitchison to come up with a scheme for fulfilling the claims of Indians to higher and more extensive employment in public service.
Hartog Committee was appointed to survey the growth of education in British India. In 1929, the Hartog Committee submitted its report. It devoted far more attention to mass education than Secondary and University Education. The committee was not satisfied with the scanty growth of literacy in the country and highlighted the problem of ‘Wastage’ and ‘Stagnation’ at the primary level. The Hartog Committee had concentrated its attention more on primary and secondary education and less on university education.