Prelims 5003

The primary effects of Earthquakes include which of the following?
1. Landslides
2. Liquefaction
3. Tsunamis
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
1 and 2
1 and 3
2 and 3
1, 2 and 3
Explanation :
Earthquakes are one of the most devastating natural disasters, causing major damage and fatalities in populated areas. The primary effects of earthquakes are ground shaking, ground rupture, landslides, tsunamis, and liquefaction. Fires are probably the single most important secondary effect of earthquakes. Buildings can even sink into the ground if soil liquefaction occurs. Liquefaction is the mixing of sand or soil and groundwater (water underground) during the shaking of a moderate or strong earthquake. When the water and soil are mixed, the ground becomes very soft and acts similar to quicksand.