Prelims 702

Consider the following statements relating to the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar:
1. The Mansabdari system was the administrative system of the Mughal Empire introduced by Akbar.
2. The Mansabdars were of two types – Zats and Sawars.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative system. The term mansabdar refers to an individual who holds a mansab, meaning a position or rank. It was a grading system used by the Mughals to fix (1) rank, (2) salary and (3) military responsibilities. Rank and salary were determined by a numerical value called zat. The higher the zat, the more prestigious was the noble’s position in court and the larger his salary. The mansabdar’s military responsibilities required him to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalrymen. The mansabdar brought his cavalrymen for review, got them registered, their horses branded and then received money to pay them as salary.