Prelims 9996

With reference to the administration in Chola empire, consider the following statements:
1. ‘Nadu’ was the smallest unit of administration in Chola empire.
2. Villages in Chola empire practiced a system of self-government.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2
Explanation :
Ur, a settlement of peasants was the smallest unit of administration in CholaEmpire. Nadu was group of villages and formed a larger unit. Hence, Statement 1 is wrong.
The villages in Chola empire enjoyed self-government, the village assemblies like mahasabhas performed various administrative functions including dispensing justice and collecting taxes. They could also settle new lands and exercise ownership rights over them. Hence, statement 2 is correct.