What is the rationale behind the special arrangement for administration of tribal areas under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution? In this respect also enumerate the key features of administration of tribal areas.
- Introduce the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution
- Explain the rationale behind special arrangement
- Enumerate the key features of administration of tribal areas as per Schedule VI
- Conclude Appropriately
The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution contains special provisions for the administration of the tribal areas in four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. These areas are given special treatment and autonomy for self government for the following reasons:
- The tribal people in other parts of India have comparatively adopted the culture of the people in whose midst they live. But the tribal areas under schedule six still have roots in their own culture, customs and civilisation.
- They were not much assimilated with ways and lives of the other people, and thus, the areas under schedule six were deemed to be requiring special treatment.
The key features of administration of tribal areas under schedule six are:
- The tribal areas in the mentioned states are constituted as autonomous districts, but they are within the executive jurisdiction of the state government.
- The autonomous district has a district council consisting of 26 elected and 4 nominated members. The elected members hold office for 5 years and nominated members hold office during the pleasure of the governor. Examples: Bodoland Territorial Council in Assam, Garo Hills Autonomous District Council in Meghalaya etc.
- The Governor and President, as the case may be, decide whether parliament and state laws apply to these regions or they apply with specified modification and exception.
- Each autonomous region also has a regional council.
- The district and regional council can legislate on certain areas like land, forests, marriage & customs, etc. Such laws need the assent of the Governor.
- The autonomous district can be further divided into autonomous regions by the governor.
- The organisation or reorganisation like changing areas, names, etc. of these autonomous districts can be done by the Governor of respective state.
- Village council or court of trial for suits and cases between tribes can be constituted by regional and district council having territorial jurisdiction.
- The assessment and collection of land revenue along with imposition of specified taxes can be done by the district and regional council.
The provisions under the schedule six ensure that the ways of life of the tribal areas are preserved and protected by making the tribals participants in their administration.
Subjects : Polity