Discuss the important aspects of Bismarck’s foreign policy. (10 marks)

Discuss the important aspects of Bismarck’s foreign policy. (10 marks) Approach: Write briefly about Bismarck in the introduction List out important aspects of his foreign policy like Military alliances, national interest, pragmatism etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Model Answer: Bismarck was not only a great statesman, he was also a great diplomat. By using hisContinue reading “Discuss the important aspects of Bismarck’s foreign policy. (10 marks)”

Explain with examples the reformative impact of the age of enlightenment in Europe on the despotic rulers of that period. (15 marks)

Explain with examples the reformative impact of the age of enlightenment in Europe on the despotic rulers of that period. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with what is referred to as the Age of Enlightenment in Europe Explain how the rulers were influenced by the philosophy of Enlightenment – like Frederick the Great of Prussia, CatherineContinue reading “Explain with examples the reformative impact of the age of enlightenment in Europe on the despotic rulers of that period. (15 marks)”

U.S. ends waiver for India on Iran oil

Headline : U.S. ends waiver for India on Iran oil Details : The News Recently, the United States has decided not to issue any additional Significant Reduction Exceptions (SREs) to existing importers of Iranian oil.   Background Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed between Iran and the P5, plus Germany and the EU inContinue reading “U.S. ends waiver for India on Iran oil”

Briefly discuss about the different agricultural regions of India. (10 marks)

Briefly discuss about the different agricultural regions of India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with what agricultural regions represent List out the major agriculture regions of India – subheadings either by region name or crop name Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Agricultural region is an area which represents the quality of agricultural land use and its cropping pattern.Continue reading “Briefly discuss about the different agricultural regions of India. (10 marks)”

Give an account of the distribution of different types of soils found in India. (15 marks)

Give an account of the distribution of different types of soils found in India. (15 marks) Approach Introduce with some information on formation of soil Mentioning the factors of classification, enumerate various types of soils and give brief description and distribution of each A map of the distribution of soils is a must Conclude appropriatelyContinue reading “Give an account of the distribution of different types of soils found in India. (15 marks)”

What do you understand by Good Governance? Discuss the main characteristics of good governance. (15 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with the meaning of the term Good Governance. Discuss the key characteristics of good governance. Conclude by pointing out some initiatives taken by the government in this regard. Model Answer : The World Bank popularised the concept of Good Governance in the 1990s. It deals with improving both qualitative and quantitative aspectContinue reading “What do you understand by Good Governance? Discuss the main characteristics of good governance. (15 marks)”

For a civil servant, which is more important – Technical expertise or Moral values? Give logical arguments in support of your view.

For a civil servant, which is more important – Technical expertise or Moral values? Give logical arguments in support of your view. Approach: Introduce with the role of civil services towards serving the society Explain the importance of Technical expertise and Values for a civil servant Evaluate the significance of one vs the other andContinue reading “For a civil servant, which is more important – Technical expertise or Moral values? Give logical arguments in support of your view.”

Present an account of the various forms of diversity seen in India. (10 marks)

Present an account of the various forms of diversity seen in India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce by highlighting diversity as a characteristic of India Highlight the major forms of diversity, including religion, race, language etc. Conclude with emphasising on unity in diversity. Model Answer : India is considered to be the hotspot of world inContinue reading “Present an account of the various forms of diversity seen in India. (10 marks)”

Non-Partisanship is a foundational value of Civil Service. What do you understand by Non-partisanship? Explain its importance in Civil Service. (10 marks)

Non-Partisanship is a foundational value of Civil Service. What do you understand by Non-partisanship? Explain its importance in Civil Service. (10 marks) Approach Define Non-partisanship Give example of Non-partisanship Explain its importance in Civil Service Conclude accordingly Model Answer : Non-partisanship in Civil Service means non-disposition of civil servants towards any political party/entity i.e. toContinue reading “Non-Partisanship is a foundational value of Civil Service. What do you understand by Non-partisanship? Explain its importance in Civil Service. (10 marks)”

A solution in search of a problem Editorial 25th Dec’18 TheHindu

Headline : A solution in search of a problem Editorial 25th Dec’18 TheHindu Details : Proposal for All India Judicial Service (AIJS): The current federal structure in India vests the recruitment and appointment for the lower judiciary in the hands of State Governors, High Courts and State Public Service Commissions. Recently, in its report ‘Strategy forContinue reading “A solution in search of a problem Editorial 25th Dec’18 TheHindu”

What are the challenges faced by the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India? Discuss the steps taken by the government to address the same.

What are the challenges faced by the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India? Discuss the steps taken by the government to address the same. Approach: Introduce with the importance of MSMEs in India. Explain the key challenges faced by MSMEs in India. Highlight key steps taken by the government to address the same. ConcludeContinue reading “What are the challenges faced by the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in India? Discuss the steps taken by the government to address the same.”

The Government of India Act 1935, in its own way, was a distinct milestone on the road to constitutional development, in this context, Critically analyze the Government of India Act of 1935?

The Government of India Act 1935, in its own way, was a distinct milestone on the road to constitutional development, in this context, Critically analyze the Government of India Act of 1935? Approach: First, introduce with the Government of India Act 1935 Then critically analyze its various provisions like-proposed federal scheme, dyarchy, voting qualification, provincial autonomy etc. ConcludeContinue reading “The Government of India Act 1935, in its own way, was a distinct milestone on the road to constitutional development, in this context, Critically analyze the Government of India Act of 1935?”

UPSC Examination: Mains Introduction

The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. The nature and standard of questions in the General Studies papers (Paper II to Paper V) will be such that a welleducated person will be able to answerContinue reading “UPSC Examination: Mains Introduction”

Upsc Examination: Introduction

A. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION : The Examination shall comprise of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each. Note : (i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions). (ii) The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.Continue reading “Upsc Examination: Introduction”

Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks)

  Approach Introduce with the provisions for Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) Discuss the positives that have come out of the Amendment Explain how due to various reasons genuine devolution has not happened Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 to deepen the participatory form of democracy established Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) byContinue reading “Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks)”

Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks)

  Approach Introduce with the provisions for Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) Discuss the positives that have come out of the Amendment Explain how due to various reasons genuine devolution has not happened Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 to deepen the participatory form of democracy established Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) byContinue reading “Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks)”

“In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.

“In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with Hybrid conflict Talk about how Pakistan indulges in regular and hybrid wars against India and India’s response Discuss why India needs to engage in hybrid war and what it involves ConcludeContinue reading ““In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.”

“Government policies are adversely impacting the cropping pattern in India”. Explain.

“Government policies are adversely impacting the cropping pattern in India”. Explain. Approach Introduce with significance of agriculture Highlight government policies like MSP and subsidies and how they are impacting cropping patterns Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India’s agricultural growth is below 3.5% and has a share of approximately 17% in GDP but it has more thanContinue reading ““Government policies are adversely impacting the cropping pattern in India”. Explain.”

What is the difference between nuclear fission and fusion reactions? Discuss the type of nuclear reactions that are tapped in running nuclear power plants.

What is the difference between nuclear fission and fusion reactions? Discuss the type of nuclear reactions that are tapped in running nuclear power plants. Approach: Introduce the concept of both nuclear fission and fusion Make a comparative analysis. Explain its working in nuclear power plant. Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer : Nuclear fission is the processContinue reading “What is the difference between nuclear fission and fusion reactions? Discuss the type of nuclear reactions that are tapped in running nuclear power plants.”

Was the partition of Bengal in 1905 really for administrative efficiency? If not then write the real reasons for it.

Was the partition of Bengal in 1905 really for administrative efficiency? If not then write the real reasons for it.  Approach: In the introduction part-set the context and date of the partition of Bengal Then write the reasons given by the Curzon government After that write the real reasons like- weaken the Bengali community byContinue reading “Was the partition of Bengal in 1905 really for administrative efficiency? If not then write the real reasons for it.”

Education during British Time

In 1823, the Governor-General-in Council appointed a “General Committee of Public Instruction”, which had the responsibility to grant the one lakh of rupees for education. That committee consisted of 10 European members belonging to two groups Anglicists and Orientalists. Hence, it promoted both Indian and english education. Within the General Committee on Public Instruction, theContinue reading “Education during British Time”

China’s Wang Proposes Setting Up Confucius Institutes In India

Headline : China’s Wang Proposes Setting Up Confucius Institutes In India Details : The News On the sidelines of the significant 1st meeting of the newly constituted India-China High Level Mechanism on Cultural and People-to-People Exchanges, China has proposed to develop more Confucius Institutes in India as part of ‘brand projects’. Background: The Wuhan Summit Indo-China relations entered a reconciliatoryContinue reading “China’s Wang Proposes Setting Up Confucius Institutes In India”

Does the Centre have absolute control over State Legislature? Substantiate your position. (15 marks)

Does the Centre have absolute control over State Legislature? Substantiate your position. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the division of powers between central and state legislatures Enumerate the Constitutional provisions on Centre having control over state legislature Explain how despite provisions for control, they are extraordinary powers and thus the control overall is limited ConcludeContinue reading “Does the Centre have absolute control over State Legislature? Substantiate your position. (15 marks)”

The already large population in India as well as the high population growth rate necessitates speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate. Comment.

The already large population in India as well as the high population growth rate necessitates speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate. Comment. Approach: Introduce the question by mentioning facts from census data and briefly discuss the factors responsible for high population growth in India Mention various effects ofContinue reading “The already large population in India as well as the high population growth rate necessitates speedy achievement of demographic transition from high birth rate to low birth rate. Comment.”

What do you understand by the term “Good Governance”? Discuss the major characteristics of Good Governance.

What do you understand by the term “Good Governance”? Discuss the major characteristics of Good Governance. Approach: Introduce by discussing the concept of Good Governance. Point out major characteristics of Good Governance. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The term Good Governance was used for the first time by the World bank in 1989. It dealsContinue reading “What do you understand by the term “Good Governance”? Discuss the major characteristics of Good Governance.”

The judgment of the Supreme Court of India in the Bommai Case was a significant moment in preventing the misuse of Article 356 of the Constitution the Centre. Explain. (10 marks)

The judgment of the Supreme Court of India in the Bommai Case was a significant moment in preventing the misuse of Article 356 of the Constitution the Centre. Explain. (10 marks) Approach Introduce with the intent behind Article 356 and misuse of this provision. Discuss the guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court of India inContinue reading “The judgment of the Supreme Court of India in the Bommai Case was a significant moment in preventing the misuse of Article 356 of the Constitution the Centre. Explain. (10 marks)”

How is attitude different from behaviour? What are the reasons for attitude-behaviour incongruency?

How is attitude different from behaviour? What are the reasons for attitude-behaviour incongruency? Approach Explain the difference between attitude and behaviour Briefly talk about how attitude doesn’t always translate into behaviour with example Give reasons for the A-B incogruency like attitude strength, speicifity etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Attitude is a learned enduring predisposition to behave consistently either inContinue reading “How is attitude different from behaviour? What are the reasons for attitude-behaviour incongruency?”

Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India?

Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India? Approach: Introduce with the background in which the New Industrial Policy of 1991 was adopted Present the highlights ofContinue reading “Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India?”

Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India?

Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India? Approach: Introduce with the background in which the New Industrial Policy of 1991 was adopted Present the highlights ofContinue reading “Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India?”

Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks)

Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks) Approach Introduce with the provisions for Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) Discuss the positives that have come out of the Amendment Explain how due to various reasons genuine devolution has not happened Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act,Continue reading “Have the Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) seen genuine devolution of powers and resources? Discuss. (15 marks)”

States have recently been rolling out farm loan waiver schemes as a measure of immediate relief to those farmers but they will only have a limited impact. Explain. Suggest sustainable strategies to relieve farmer distress.

States have recently been rolling out farm loan waiver schemes as a measure of immediate relief to those farmers but they will only have a limited impact. Explain. Suggest sustainable strategies to relieve farmer distress. Approach: Introduce with poor stats of agriculture leading to demand for waivers Explain why loan waivers will have limited impactContinue reading “States have recently been rolling out farm loan waiver schemes as a measure of immediate relief to those farmers but they will only have a limited impact. Explain. Suggest sustainable strategies to relieve farmer distress.”

MSMEs Traders Witness Loss of 35 Lakh Jobs: Survey

Headline : MSMEs Traders Witness Loss of 35 Lakh Jobs: Survey Details : MSMEs Traders Witness Loss of 35 Lakh Jobs: Survey The News According to a survey conducted by All India Manufacturers’ Organisation, the TMSME segment (Traders, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) is in a critical condition with high level of job loss and decreasingContinue reading “MSMEs Traders Witness Loss of 35 Lakh Jobs: Survey”

India, Nepal and Bhutan Plan Task Force to Protect Wildlife

Headline : India, Nepal and Bhutan Plan Task Force to Protect Wildlife Details : The News The Governments of India, Nepal and Bhutan are considering having a joint task force for the Kanchenjunga Landscape, a trans-boundary region spread across Nepal, India and Bhutan. The joint task force would work for allowing free movement of wildlife acrossContinue reading “India, Nepal and Bhutan Plan Task Force to Protect Wildlife”

 India gets first witness protection scheme

Headline : India gets first witness protection scheme Details : The News The Supreme Court today approved the Centre’s draft witness protection scheme   Background In 2003, Justice V Malimath Committee on criminal justice system had recommended enacting a separate witness protection law. In 2006, the Law Commission of India, in its 198th report, provided forContinue reading ” India gets first witness protection scheme”

Why are farmers all over India on the streets?

Headline : Why are farmers all over India on the streets? Details : Why in news? Mass farmer protests have erupted across the country over the past few months from Maharashtra to Bengal, with the October march in Delhi leading to violent clashes with the police. Farm distress has been on top of the agenda forContinue reading “Why are farmers all over India on the streets?”

Explain with examples the reformative impact of the age of enlightenment in Europe on the despotic rulers of that period. (15 marks)

 Explain with examples the reformative impact of the age of enlightenment in Europe on the despotic rulers of that period. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with what is referred to as the Age of Enlightenment in Europe Explain how the rulers were influenced by the philosophy of Enlightenment – like Frederick the Great of Prussia, CatherineContinue reading “Explain with examples the reformative impact of the age of enlightenment in Europe on the despotic rulers of that period. (15 marks)”

 Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks)

 Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the recent SC decision toContinue reading ” Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks)”

Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu

Headline : Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu Details : Why in news? Recently, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister E K Palaniswami wrote to the Prime Minister urging him to stop the process of a feasibility study for the Mekedatu dam project in Karnataka.   About Mekedatu dam project Being set up by the Karnataka government,Continue reading “Why a dam in Karnataka bothers Tamil Nadu”

Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks)

Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the power of courts to issue writs under Article 32 and 226 Compare the writ jurisdictions of SC and HCs – wider jurisdiction of HC in some aspects and SC writ jurisdictionContinue reading “Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks)”

G20 summit: India presents 9-point agenda on fugitive economic offenders

Headline : G20 summit: India presents 9-point agenda on fugitive economic offenders Details : The news Recently, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has suggested a nine-point agenda to tackle the menace of fugitive economic offenders and sought strong and active cooperation across G20 countries to deal with the menace of fugitive economic offenders The agenda was presented byContinue reading “G20 summit: India presents 9-point agenda on fugitive economic offenders”

Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain. (10 marks)

Q2. Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce EI as the unique intersection of the heart and head Discuss the factors due to which EI is very important in the current working environment ofContinue reading “Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain. (10 marks)”

Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks)

Q1. Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce by explaining values Discuss the role of the family in inculcating values, giving examples of both good and bad Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Values are an individual/group’s own principles or qualities guiding their judgment and behaviour. They canContinue reading “Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks)”