What do you understand by the term “Good Governance”? Discuss the major characteristics of Good Governance.

What do you understand by the term “Good Governance”? Discuss the major characteristics of Good Governance.
Approach:
  • Introduce by discussing the concept of Good Governance.
  • Point out major characteristics of Good Governance.
  • Conclude appropriately.
Model Answer :
The term Good Governance was used for the first time by the World bank in 1989. It deals with improving both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the governance framework. It aims towards providing an enabling environment in which people can achieve their true potential and maximum welfare of the people is realised. It is quintessential for the holistic and sustainable development of a nation.
Some of the key characteristics of Good Governance are as follows:
  1. Participation: Participation by people of all race, caste, creed, and gender in governance ensures that the rights of citizens are respected and citizens feel obligated towards their duties at the same time.
  2. Rule of Law: This provides a suitable framework for good governance and ensure that human rights are protected and weaker sections feel safe.
  3. Transparency: It is important that the citizens are aware of the functioning of the government. The access to information and its free availability ensures fairness in decision making and implementation.
  4. Responsiveness: The institutions of the government ensure that the citizens are served in a reasonable time frame by removing unnecessary delays in decision making and implementation.
  5. Consensus Oriented: The divergent interests are reconciled and consensus is reached for maximum welfare of the society accounting for both short term and long term interests.
  6. Equity and Inclusiveness: The government takes care of interests of all its citizens and special care is given for most vulnerable groups such as minorities, Sc/STs, women, etc., so that they don’t feel sidelined from the mainstream.
  7. Effectiveness and Efficiency: Good governance calls of optimal utilisation of resources at disposal. The wastage is minimised and sustainable development is encouraged.
  8. Accountability: It is the crucial that both public and private institutions are accountable to their stakeholders and uphold the interest of the public at large.
To highlight the importance of good governance, the government of India has decided to celebrate December 25th as “Good Governance Day” each year. Achieving good governance in totality won’t be easy, however, we should strive continuously towards making it a reality.

Subjects : Governance

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