Present an account of the various forms of diversity seen in India. (10 marks)

Present an account of the various forms of diversity seen in India. (10 marks)


  • Introduce by highlighting diversity as a characteristic of India
  • Highlight the major forms of diversity, including religion, race, language etc.
  • Conclude with emphasising on unity in diversity.
Model Answer :

India is considered to be the hotspot of world in terms of diversity. The reason for such diversity could be attributed to the accommodative hospitability of India, culture of tolerance, favourable topography, and our tendency to absorb and synthesize different cultural view points. Since historical times, numerous groups have immigrated from different parts of the world making India their home. For ex- Zoroastrians, Christians, Islam, etc.

There are various elements of diversity in India such as:

  1. Religious Diversity: It is characterised by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. India is the birthplace of four of the world’s major religions i.e. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism, while also being home to people of many religions of the world, including a huge population of Muslims and Christians along with Jews, Parsis etc.
  2. Linguistic Diversity: More than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken in India as mother tongue. There are 121 languages which are spoken by 10,000 or more people in India.
  3. Racial Diversity: India is a place of diverse races, and V. A. Smith rightly called it as “an ethnological museum”. Anthropological Survey of India classified India into 6 racial groups namely Negrito, Proto-Australoids, Mongoloids, Mediterranean, Nordic, etc.
  4. Diversity in Social Life: Indian society is greatly heterogeneous with customs, manners, food, cloth etc. of various regions and sub-regions differing from one another.

While its rich diversity has characterised India and added to its unique status in the world, it has also given rise to various social tensions due to negative forces exploiting the differences leading to communalism, regionalism etc. We should stay guarded against such forces to safeguard our unique practice of “unity in diversity”.

Subjects : Society