According to State of India’s Environment 2017, nearly 30 per cent of India is degraded or facing desertification. Highlight the major causes of Desertification in India. Also explain steps taken by Government to address the problem.

According to State of India’s Environment 2017, nearly 30 per cent of India is degraded or facing desertification. Highlight the major causes of Desertification in India. Also explain steps taken by Government to address the problem. Approach Brief introduction about Desertification in India Major causes for the Desertification in India Steps taken by Government toContinue reading “According to State of India’s Environment 2017, nearly 30 per cent of India is degraded or facing desertification. Highlight the major causes of Desertification in India. Also explain steps taken by Government to address the problem.”

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime aims to re-shape India’s economic landscape benefiting various stakeholders, while also making it an easier place to do business. Comment.

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime aims to re-shape India’s economic landscape benefiting various stakeholders, while also making it an easier place to do business. Comment. Approach: Introduce with transformational aims of GST Discuss how various stakeholders benefit from the GST regime and the impact on doing business Mention some challenges with GST ConcludeContinue reading “The Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime aims to re-shape India’s economic landscape benefiting various stakeholders, while also making it an easier place to do business. Comment.”

More than 10 years since coming into force, the MGNREGA continues to be one of the most ambitious schemes of modern India. Discuss the impact of the scheme and highlight issues in its implementation.

More than 10 years since coming into force, the MGNREGA continues to be one of the most ambitious schemes of modern India. Discuss the impact of the scheme and highlight issues in its implementation. Approach: Introduce with MGNREGA Enumerate the positive outcomes of the legislation Highlight issues in its implementation Conclude appropriately Model Answer :Continue reading “More than 10 years since coming into force, the MGNREGA continues to be one of the most ambitious schemes of modern India. Discuss the impact of the scheme and highlight issues in its implementation.”

Discuss the major Industrial regions of India? Also, point out major industries located in each region. (250 words)

Discuss the major Industrial regions of India? Also, point out major industries located in each region. (250 words) Approach: Briefly mention the importance of industrial regions and their features Discuss the major industrial regions of India and for each region mention major industries located there (It is useful to Indicate the location of each regionContinue reading “Discuss the major Industrial regions of India? Also, point out major industries located in each region. (250 words)”

With rising fiscal deficit and leakages in the welfare schemes, CSR is seen as a useful additional avenue to address the problems of society in a cost effective manner and thereby helping India to achieve an inclusive growth. Comment.

With rising fiscal deficit and leakages in the welfare schemes, CSR is seen as a useful additional avenue to address the problems of society in a cost effective manner and thereby helping India to achieve an inclusive growth. Comment. Approach: Briefly discuss about CSR as a mandatory provision in India. Discuss with examples, how CSRContinue reading “With rising fiscal deficit and leakages in the welfare schemes, CSR is seen as a useful additional avenue to address the problems of society in a cost effective manner and thereby helping India to achieve an inclusive growth. Comment.”

The prevalence of NGOs is often considered as a sign of well-functioning civil society. Discuss the role and impact of NGOs in capacity building of a nation?

The prevalence of NGOs is often considered as a sign of well-functioning civil society. Discuss the role and impact of NGOs in capacity building of a nation? Approach : Briefly introduce with what are NGOs. Explain the various roles played by NGOs. Their impacts on the capacity building of the nation. Conclude Appropriately. Model AnswerContinue reading “The prevalence of NGOs is often considered as a sign of well-functioning civil society. Discuss the role and impact of NGOs in capacity building of a nation?”

Surplus human activities have severely affected the marine life on the Earth’s oceans. Comment.

Surplus human activities have severely affected the marine life on the Earth’s oceans. Comment. Approach Introduce with importance of oceans List anthropogenic impact on marine life Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Oceans provide life support only to marine life but also to humans as they produce more than half the world’s oxygen, create more thanContinue reading “Surplus human activities have severely affected the marine life on the Earth’s oceans. Comment.”

PMAY (U) is beneficial both welfare-wise and economically, but its implementation has been slow so far for various reasons. Discuss, along with strategies for the effective implementation of the scheme.

PMAY (U) is beneficial both welfare-wise and economically, but its implementation has been slow so far for various reasons. Discuss, along with strategies for the effective implementation of the scheme. Approach: Introduce briefly mentioning the PMAY (U) scheme and its benefits Highlight the slowness of the progress and discuss causes briefly Suggest strategies for effectiveContinue reading “PMAY (U) is beneficial both welfare-wise and economically, but its implementation has been slow so far for various reasons. Discuss, along with strategies for the effective implementation of the scheme.”

There has been some criticism of the government’s plan to invest in high speed railway (HSR). Discuss the demerits and merits of HSR.

There has been some criticism of the government’s plan to invest in high speed railway (HSR). Discuss the demerits and merits of HSR. Approach: Introduce with the HSR project that was launched Highlight the demerits Enumerate the merits Conclude appropriately Model Answer : In 2017, foundation stone was laid for the ambitious Rs 1 lakhContinue reading “There has been some criticism of the government’s plan to invest in high speed railway (HSR). Discuss the demerits and merits of HSR.”

Even as more than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, Indian farm exports are declining every year due to various reasons. Comment. Suggest measures for India to take advantage of its wide climate and soil variations to better position itself for increased exports.

Even as more than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, Indian farm exports are declining every year due to various reasons. Comment. Suggest measures for India to take advantage of its wide climate and soil variations to better position itself for increased exports. Approach Introduce with agriculture in India and decline in agricultureContinue reading “Even as more than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, Indian farm exports are declining every year due to various reasons. Comment. Suggest measures for India to take advantage of its wide climate and soil variations to better position itself for increased exports.”

Despite being in the position of a titular Head of the State, the role of President of India in Indian democracy has been more than just symbolic. Comment.

Despite being in the position of a titular Head of the State, therole of President of India in Indian democracy has been more than just symbolic. Comment. Approach: In the introduction, briefly talk about the Constitutional status of the President of India Analyze the institution of President for being symbolic/substantive Explain how over the lastContinue reading “Despite being in the position of a titular Head of the State, the role of President of India in Indian democracy has been more than just symbolic. Comment.”

The Constitution of India provides pardoning power to the executive. Explain the pardoning powers of the President, and discuss how the scope of the pardoning power of the President is wider than the pardoning power of the Governor?

The Constitution of India provides pardoning power to the executive. Explain the pardoning powers of the President, and discuss how the scope of the pardoning power of the President is wider than the pardoning power of the Governor? Approach Introduce with why pardoning powers are provided to the executives Highlight the Pardoning powers of the President under Article 72Continue reading “The Constitution of India provides pardoning power to the executive. Explain the pardoning powers of the President, and discuss how the scope of the pardoning power of the President is wider than the pardoning power of the Governor?”

Constitutionalisation of Panchayati Raj paved the way for grass root empowerment in India. In this regard discuss the salient features of the 73rd amendment Act, 1992.

Constitutionalisation of Panchayati Raj paved the way for grass root empowerment in India. In this regard discuss the salient features of the 73rd amendment Act, 1992. Approach Introduce with how 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 was significant Discuss the salient features of this act Conclude Appropriately Model Answer : The 73rd amendment Act, 1992 has givenContinue reading “Constitutionalisation of Panchayati Raj paved the way for grass root empowerment in India. In this regard discuss the salient features of the 73rd amendment Act, 1992.”

Social audit is an effective instrument of citizen centric governance to fight corruption. Discuss along with the mechanisms of social audit in India.

Social audit is an effective instrument of citizen centric governance to fight corruption. Discuss along with the mechanisms of social audit in India. Approach Introduce with social audit. Discuss the significance of social audit and its role to fight corruption. Then, give social audit mechanism in India. Conclude with suggestions. Model Answer : A socialContinue reading “Social audit is an effective instrument of citizen centric governance to fight corruption. Discuss along with the mechanisms of social audit in India.”

The root cause of farmers’ agitations lies in governments’ failure in ensuring MSPs and guaranteed procurement for the farmers’ produce. Explain.

The root cause of farmers’ agitations lies in governments’ failure in ensuring MSPs and guaranteed procurement for the farmers’ produce. Explain. Approach: Introduce with the cause of farmers’ agitations Highlight issues in MSPs and procurement Suggest improvements in MSP and procurement Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Agriculture is the major source of income of more than half ofContinue reading “The root cause of farmers’ agitations lies in governments’ failure in ensuring MSPs and guaranteed procurement for the farmers’ produce. Explain.”

The Right to Information act has completed ten years, but there are mixed opinions evaluating its journey so far. Discuss the challenges in the implementation of the Act in its true spirit.

The Right to Information act has completed ten years, but there are mixed opinions evaluating its journey so far. Discuss the challenges in the implementation of the Act in its true spirit. Approach: Introduce with RTI and its positives. Discuss both the demand side and supply side challenges to its implementation. Conclude with the way forward. ModelContinue reading “The Right to Information act has completed ten years, but there are mixed opinions evaluating its journey so far. Discuss the challenges in the implementation of the Act in its true spirit.”

Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain with significant negative impact, including on natural resources and environment. Discuss. Suggest strategies to deal with this problem.

Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain with significant negative impact, including on natural resources and environment. Discuss. Suggest strategies to deal with this problem. Approach: Introduce with the issue of food wastage and brief reasons why Discuss impact of food wastage Suggest ways like processing and logistics to reduce food wastage ConcludeContinue reading “Food is lost or wasted throughout the supply chain with significant negative impact, including on natural resources and environment. Discuss. Suggest strategies to deal with this problem.”

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment.

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach Introduce with the discrimination faced by transgenders Highlight the key provisions of the Transgender Bill Comment on how the provisions fall short of theContinue reading “With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment.”

States have recently been rolling out farm loan waiver schemes as a measure of immediate relief to those farmers but they will only have a limited impact. Explain. Suggest sustainable strategies to relieve farmer distress.

States have recently been rolling out farm loan waiver schemes as a measure of immediate relief to those farmers but they will only have a limited impact. Explain. Suggest sustainable strategies to relieve farmer distress. Approach: Introduce with poor stats of agriculture leading to demand for waivers Explain why loan waivers will have limited impactContinue reading “States have recently been rolling out farm loan waiver schemes as a measure of immediate relief to those farmers but they will only have a limited impact. Explain. Suggest sustainable strategies to relieve farmer distress.”

What are the various sources of ethics? Briefly describe their impact on ethics in Indian society? (200 words)

What are the various sources of ethics? Briefly describe their impact on ethics in Indian society? (200 words) Approach: Define Ethics Mention various sources of ethics with examples Explain through examples how they impact ethics in Indian society Conclude accordingly. Model Answer : Ethics is a set of standards that society places on itself. TheyContinue reading “What are the various sources of ethics? Briefly describe their impact on ethics in Indian society? (200 words)”

Discuss the consequences of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar in the Modern Indian history. (200 words)

Discuss the consequences of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar in the Modern Indian history. (200 words) Approach: Introduce with the two battles Explain the various consequences of the Battle of Plassey Then explain the consequences of the Battle of Buxar Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The Battles of Plassey (1757) andContinue reading “Discuss the consequences of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar in the Modern Indian history. (200 words)”

Explain the various reasons behind the downfall of the Mughal Empire in India? (200 words)

Explain the various reasons behind the downfall of the Mughal Empire in India? (200 words)   Approach: Give a brief introduction Then explain the various reasons like: Downfall due to the crisis of personality Downfall due to the inherent weaknesses in the Mughal Institutions Others Conclude appropriately Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Model Answer : The first halfContinue reading “Explain the various reasons behind the downfall of the Mughal Empire in India? (200 words)”

Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks)

Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce by explaining values Discuss the role of the family in inculcating values, giving examples of both good and bad Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Values are an individual/group’s own principles or qualities guiding their judgment and behaviour. They can beContinue reading “Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks)”

Corporate Social Responsibility was made mandatory under the Companies Act to engage businesses in complementing the state’s developmental activities. Explain why its impact so far has been limited. (15 marks)

Corporate Social Responsibility was made mandatory under the Companies Act to engage businesses in complementing the state’s developmental activities. Explain why its impact so far has been limited. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce briefly with CSR Briefly note how the Companies Act of 2013 made CSR mandatory Explain the shortcomings like lack of expertise, few sectorsContinue reading “Corporate Social Responsibility was made mandatory under the Companies Act to engage businesses in complementing the state’s developmental activities. Explain why its impact so far has been limited. (15 marks)”

Discuss the advantages and limitations of establishing legislative councils in states. Suggest measures to make the Councils more effective. (15 marks)

Discuss the advantages and limitations of establishing legislative councils in states. Suggest measures to make the Councils more effective. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the legislative councils List the advantages of councils like giving opportunities to intellectuals in legislating etc. List the disadvantages like delaying legislation, costs to the exchequer etc. Suggest measures to makeContinue reading “Discuss the advantages and limitations of establishing legislative councils in states. Suggest measures to make the Councils more effective. (15 marks)”

Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks)

Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the recent SC decision toContinue reading “Despite the consensus around the need for reforms, Indian prisons remain in a poor state as reflected in various issues including overcrowding and violation of prisoners’ rights. Discuss in light of the recently formed Amitava Roy committee. What measures must be taken to address this issue? (15 marks)”

Comment on the level of Child Malnutrition in India. Highlight the steps taken by the government to address the issue of Child Malnutrition. (15 marks)

Comment on the level of Child Malnutrition in India. Highlight the steps taken by the government to address the issue of Child Malnutrition. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the meaning of malnutrition among children Discuss the status of Child Malnutrition in India with the reference of National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 Highlight the different schemesContinue reading “Comment on the level of Child Malnutrition in India. Highlight the steps taken by the government to address the issue of Child Malnutrition. (15 marks)”

How is attitude different from behaviour? What are the reasons for attitude-behaviour incongruency?

How is attitude different from behaviour? What are the reasons for attitude-behaviour incongruency? Approach Explain the difference between attitude and behaviour Briefly talk about how attitude doesn’t always translate into behaviour with example Give reasons for the A-B incogruency like attitude strength, speicifity etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Attitude is a learned enduring predisposition to behave consistently either inContinue reading “How is attitude different from behaviour? What are the reasons for attitude-behaviour incongruency?”

India is working on the principle of empowering the persons with disability through intervention, inclusive education, skill development, placement, and advocacy generation. Discuss.

India is working on the principle of empowering the persons with disability through intervention, inclusive education, skill development, placement, and advocacy generation.  Discuss. Approach: Introduce the question by mentioning the disability scenario in India. Briefly discuss various steps taken by government for the welfare of disable people. Mention various challenges. Finally, suggest different ways toContinue reading “India is working on the principle of empowering the persons with disability through intervention, inclusive education, skill development, placement, and advocacy generation. Discuss.”

“The importance of Ayushman Bharat scheme cannot be denied but there are many challenges ahead in its successful implementation”. Discuss. (10 marks)

“The importance of Ayushman Bharat scheme cannot be denied but there are many challenges ahead in its successful implementation”. Discuss. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce the Ayushman Bharat scheme along with its components Discuss why this scheme is important Discuss some challenges associated with it Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Ayushman Bharat is a program whichContinue reading ““The importance of Ayushman Bharat scheme cannot be denied but there are many challenges ahead in its successful implementation”. Discuss. (10 marks)”

Over the years the participation of the private sector in healthcare has gradually increased. Critically examine the impact of increasing privatisation of healthcare in India. (10 marks)

Over the years the participation of the private sector in healthcare has gradually increased. Critically examine the impact of increasing privatisation of healthcare in India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce by showing increasing privatisation of healthcare sector Point out the benefits of increasing participation of the private sector in healthcare Point out the concerns in thisContinue reading “Over the years the participation of the private sector in healthcare has gradually increased. Critically examine the impact of increasing privatisation of healthcare in India. (10 marks)”

What do you mean by delegated legislation? Give its advantages and disadvantages.

What do you mean by delegated legislation? Give its advantages and disadvantages. Approach Briefly explain delegated legislation in the introduction. Discuss the positives of such legislation. Then give its disadvantages. Conclude with some suggestions. Model Answer : When law making power is delegated to executive by legislation, then it is known as delegated legislation orContinue reading “What do you mean by delegated legislation? Give its advantages and disadvantages.”

What were the factors due to which the industrial revolution had first started in England? (10 marks)

What were the factors due to which the industrial revolution had first started in England? (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with what industrial revolution is Describe the factors that led to industrial revolution in England like need, innovation, availability of raw material and labour etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Model Answer: The term industrial revolutionContinue reading “What were the factors due to which the industrial revolution had first started in England? (10 marks)”