Discuss the consequences of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar in the Modern Indian history. (200 words)

Discuss the consequences of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar in the Modern Indian history. (200 words)
Approach:
  • Introduce with the two battles
  • Explain the various consequences of the Battle of Plassey
  • Then explain the consequences of the Battle of Buxar
  • Conclude appropriately
Model Answer :
The Battles of Plassey (1757) and Buxar (1764) are seminal moments in Modern Indian history as they marked the beginning on the rise of British colonial rule in India.
In 1757, the Battle of Plassey was fought by the forces of Siraj Ud Daulah (Nawab of Bengal) with the support of French support troops against the troops of the British East India Company, led by Robert Clive. Victory at Plassey had enabled the East India company to establish a puppet Nawab on the throne of Bengal. The 1764 Battle of Buxar was more decisive in result than the Battle of Plassey, with even more significant consequences.
Consequences of Battle of Plassey:
  • From the military point of view, the Battle of Plassey was not an important engagement. However, what followed thereafter is often referred to as the “Plassey plunder”.
  • Immediately after the war, the English army and navy each received the hefty sums of money.
  • Prior to 1757, the English trade in Bengal was  largely financed through import  of bullion from England, but after Plassey not only bullion import stopped  but bullion was exported from Bengal to China and other parts of India, which gave a competitive advantage to the English company over its European rivals.
  • Company officials made personal fortunes not only through direct extortion but also through private trade.
Consequences of Battle of Buxar:
  • After Buxar, the English power in Northern India became unchallengeable.
  • At the Treaty of Allahabad of 1765, Shah Alam granted the company the Diwani (revenue collecting rights) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
  • The British resident posted at the court of Murshidabad (Bengal) gradually, by 1772, became the locus of real administrative power in the province. Thus it was in Bengal that the system of indirect rule as a policy of the company’s imperial governance was first initiated.
Conclusion

If the Battle of Plassey had made the English a powerful factor in the politics of Bengal, the victory of Buxar made them a great power of North India and contenders for the supremacy of the whole country.

Subjects : History and Culture

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