The distinction between plan and non-plan expenditure in budget had created schools without teachers and hospitals without doctors. In the light of this statement, discuss major issues pertaining to plan and non-plan distinction.

The distinction between plan and non-plan expenditure in budget had created schools without teachers and hospitals without doctors. In the light of this statement, discuss major issues pertaining to plan and non-plan distinction. Approach Introduce with the abolition of the plan and non-plan classification Highlight the major issues like focus on plan expenditure, excessive unionContinue reading “The distinction between plan and non-plan expenditure in budget had created schools without teachers and hospitals without doctors. In the light of this statement, discuss major issues pertaining to plan and non-plan distinction.”

A recent CAG audit report on the ammunition management highlighted that army faces severe shortage in ammunition making it very difficult to fight even a short intense war. Explore the reasons for the shortage and suggest measures to overcome them.

A recent CAG audit report on the ammunition management highlighted that army faces severe shortage in ammunition making it very difficult to fight even a short intense war. Explore the reasons for the shortage and suggest measures to overcome them. Approach: Introduce with the CAG report which emphasised ammunition shortage Explain the reasons for such shortage.Continue reading “A recent CAG audit report on the ammunition management highlighted that army faces severe shortage in ammunition making it very difficult to fight even a short intense war. Explore the reasons for the shortage and suggest measures to overcome them.”

Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad

Headline : Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad Details : India’s access to important ports abroad Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Sabang port, Indonesia India is developing its maiden deep-sea port in Indonesia’s Sabang. The port is close to Andaman and Nicobar Islands making its maiden foray in the southeast Asian. Its position at the mouth ofContinue reading “Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad”

In order to meaningfully avail of the favourable demographic dividend, it is essential that the youth are put in the circle of generating beneficial output and constructive inputs. Comment. 

In order to meaningfully avail of the favourable demographic dividend, it is essential that the youth are put in the circle of generating beneficial output and constructive inputs. Comment.  Approach: Introduce the question by explaining the meaning of demographic dividend and provide some data to show that it favourable for India. Mention the reasons whichContinue reading “In order to meaningfully avail of the favourable demographic dividend, it is essential that the youth are put in the circle of generating beneficial output and constructive inputs. Comment. “

What are Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSCs)? Discuss their role in improving the effectiveness of Parliament as an institution.

What are Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSCs)? Discuss their role in improving the effectiveness of Parliament as an institution. Approach: Briefly explain what DRSCs are Discuss their role in effectiveness of Parliament Then give their limitations Conclude with suggestions Model Answer : Over the years, the volume of business transacted by Parliament has steadily declined.Continue reading “What are Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSCs)? Discuss their role in improving the effectiveness of Parliament as an institution.”

“The Harappan culture was distinct on many elements from the contemporary cultures in western Asia”. Elaborate.

“The Harappan culture was distinct on many elements from the contemporary cultures in western Asia”. Elaborate. Approach: Introduce with Harappan and contemporary civilizations in western Asia. Point out the elements distinguishing Harappan culture from contemporary civilizations in western Asia. Conclude your arguments. Model Answer : The Harappan civilization, which was at its peak from aboutContinue reading ““The Harappan culture was distinct on many elements from the contemporary cultures in western Asia”. Elaborate.”

Education is one of the important pillars of youth empowerment. However, the barriers faced by existing education system are preventing our country from harnessing the demographic dividend through the empowerment of youth. Discuss.

Education is one of the important pillars of youth empowerment. However, the barriers faced by existing education system are preventing our country from harnessing the demographic dividend through the empowerment of youth. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with the youth heavy Indian demographics and the importance of education Highlight the existing barriers in our education system DiscussContinue reading “Education is one of the important pillars of youth empowerment. However, the barriers faced by existing education system are preventing our country from harnessing the demographic dividend through the empowerment of youth. Discuss.”

Prelims Program: Indus River System

Details : Why it is important? In view of the Pulwama attack, India is weighing its options for retaliation against Pakistan, who sponsored the attack.Out of many options, one big move that India can take is to abrogate the Indus Waters Treaty (which deals with river Indus and its five tributaries).  Join Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS IndusContinue reading “Prelims Program: Indus River System”

India has Himalayan and Peninsular drainage systems as the two major drainage systems but both are quite different. Examine.

India has Himalayan and Peninsular drainage systems as the two major drainage systems but both are quite different. Examine. Approach Briefly introduce with the two drainage systems Then, discuss the major differences between both Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Indian drainage system consists of a large number of small and big rivers. On the basisContinue reading “India has Himalayan and Peninsular drainage systems as the two major drainage systems but both are quite different. Examine.”

Education enhances the ability of a public representative in more effectively discharging his/her duties. Therefore, prescription of an educational qualification is not irrelevant for better administration of the panchayats. Critically comment.

Education enhances the ability of a public representative in more effectively discharging his/her duties. Therefore, prescription of an educational qualification is not irrelevant for better administration of the panchayats. Critically comment. Approach: Introduction with few examples of states that have imposed educational qualification as criteria for contesting local election. Provide arguments in support of theContinue reading “Education enhances the ability of a public representative in more effectively discharging his/her duties. Therefore, prescription of an educational qualification is not irrelevant for better administration of the panchayats. Critically comment.”

China slowdown presents India an opportunity to shine Editorial 20th Feb’19 LiveMint

China slowdown presents India an opportunity to shine Editorial 20th Feb’19 LiveMint Details : Middle income trap: Many countries that have succeeded in moving out of mass poverty (through rapid economic growth) have struggled in their effort to move to mass prosperity. Research by economists showed that the most common point when inertia sets inContinue reading “China slowdown presents India an opportunity to shine Editorial 20th Feb’19 LiveMint”

Discuss the impact of various land revenue settlements introduced by the Britishers in Indian agriculture.

Discuss the impact of various land revenue settlements introduced by the Britishers in Indian agriculture. Approach: Briefly introduce the British land revenue policies and need for them Explain the impacts of the policies on Indian Agriculture Conclude Appropriately Model Answer : After the Battle of Buxar (1764), East India Company had got the Diwani (revenue) rightsContinue reading “Discuss the impact of various land revenue settlements introduced by the Britishers in Indian agriculture.”

Self Help Groups are an effective tool to women empowerment. Explain with example the roles played by SHGs in women empowerment. Discuss some government initiatives in helping the SHGs?

Self Help Groups are an effective tool to women empowerment. Explain with example the roles played by SHGs in women empowerment. Discuss some government initiatives in helping the SHGs? Approach: Briefly introduce with what are Self Help Groups. Show how they help in women empowerment. Discuss some of the problems faced by SHGs and governmentContinue reading “Self Help Groups are an effective tool to women empowerment. Explain with example the roles played by SHGs in women empowerment. Discuss some government initiatives in helping the SHGs?”

What is El Niño? Discuss the changes associated with it and their effects.

What is El Niño? Discuss the changes associated with it and their effects. Approach Introduce with El Nino Highlight some changes which occur due to El Nino Then discuss the effects of these changes Conclude appropriately Model Answer : El Niño is a climate cycle in the Pacific Ocean with a global impact on weatherContinue reading “What is El Niño? Discuss the changes associated with it and their effects.”

Discuss the role played by reformers in the 19th century for the emancipation of women.

Discuss the role played by reformers in the 19th century for the emancipation of women. Approach: Briefly give various social ills present in 19th century related to women. Discuss the role played by reformers for emancipation of women. Conclude with their limitations. Model Answer : In the 19th century, women were generally accorded a lowContinue reading “Discuss the role played by reformers in the 19th century for the emancipation of women.”

Critically discuss the need of Rajya Sabha in Indian Polity.

Critically discuss the need of Rajya Sabha in Indian Polity. Approach: Briefly introduce Rajya Sabha Give arguments in favor of need of Rajya Sabha Then give arguments against the need of Rajya Sabha Conclude while taking a stand based on arguments Model Answer : The Constitution makers opted for Bicameralism, with the Council of StatesContinue reading “Critically discuss the need of Rajya Sabha in Indian Polity.”

Philosophers in Europe had a great influence on the minds of people and led to a revolutionary awakening in their minds. Examine the role of intellectuals in the French Revolution?

Philosophers in Europe had a great influence on the minds of people and led to a revolutionary awakening in their minds. Examine the role of intellectuals in the French Revolution? Approach: Briefly introduce French Revolution Discuss the roles of intellectuals Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The French Revolution or the Revolution of 1789 happened duringContinue reading “Philosophers in Europe had a great influence on the minds of people and led to a revolutionary awakening in their minds. Examine the role of intellectuals in the French Revolution?”

Women’s rights and food security are issues that are inextricably linked. In this sense, it is said that empowering women is the key to achieving food security. Discuss.

Women’s rights and food security are issues that are inextricably linked. In this sense, it is said that empowering women is the key to achieving food security. Discuss. Approach: Introduce by briefly highlighting the correlation linkages between women’s rights and food security Elaborate the need to consider the gender aspect of food security Conclude appropriately ModelContinue reading “Women’s rights and food security are issues that are inextricably linked. In this sense, it is said that empowering women is the key to achieving food security. Discuss.”

Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin.

Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin. Approach Introduce with the concept of cryptocurrency Discuss its advantages Highlight the risks Conclude with the government’s position that they have been outlawed Model Answer : Cryptocurrency is an electronic or digital currency that works on a peer-to-peer basis without the need for a trustedContinue reading “Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin.”

What are ocean currents? What are various factors affecting ocean currents around the globe? (200 words)

What are ocean currents? What are various factors affecting ocean currents around the globe? (200 words) Approach: Introduce with ocean currents (Include some examples) Write various factors affecting ocean currents Conclude appropriately Model Answer :   Regular movement of a large mass of ocean water in fairly defined direction over great distances is known as oceanContinue reading “What are ocean currents? What are various factors affecting ocean currents around the globe? (200 words)”

What do you understand by  ”equality before law” and “equal protection of laws”? Can there be exceptions to equality? Explain.

What do you understand by  ”equality before law” and “equal protection of laws”? Can there be exceptions to equality? Explain. Approach: Introduce with Right to equality and article 14 Define the core concept of” Equality before law” and “Equal protection of law” Giving reference of SC, mention exceptions Conclude appropriately Model Answer :   ArticleContinue reading “What do you understand by  ”equality before law” and “equal protection of laws”? Can there be exceptions to equality? Explain.”

“The DPSPs are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws”. Explain.  Why are DPSPs often subjected to criticism?

“The DPSPs are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws”. Explain.  Why are DPSPs often subjected to criticism? Approach: Introduce by mentioning DPSP, related articles and philosophy Write the reasons for incorporation of DPSP and its utility Discuss reasons whyContinue reading ““The DPSPs are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be duty of the state to apply these principles in making laws”. Explain.  Why are DPSPs often subjected to criticism?”

 With India obtaining membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), an important platform has opened up for New Delhi, which can serve as a critical geopolitical pole focused on central Asia and its neighbourhood. Discuss.

 With India obtaining membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), an important platform has opened up for New Delhi, which can serve as a critical geopolitical pole focused on central Asia and its neighbourhood. Discuss. Approach: Briefly mention about SCO. Discuss the significance of SCO for India. Also bring out the challenges that India mightContinue reading ” With India obtaining membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), an important platform has opened up for New Delhi, which can serve as a critical geopolitical pole focused on central Asia and its neighbourhood. Discuss.”

What are the conditions favourable for the formation of tropical cyclones? Explain the structure of a mature tropical cyclonic storm.

What are the conditions favourable for the formation of tropical cyclones? Explain the structure of a mature tropical cyclonic storm. Approach Introduce with tropical cyclones Discuss the conditions favourable for cyclones Explain the structure, with a diagram Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Tropical cyclones are violent storms that originate over oceans in tropical areas and moveContinue reading “What are the conditions favourable for the formation of tropical cyclones? Explain the structure of a mature tropical cyclonic storm.”

We need a leap in healthcare spending Editorial 7th Feb’19 TheHindu

Headline : We need a leap in healthcare spending Editorial 7th Feb’19 TheHindu Details : Public health spending in India still very low: The Central and State governments have introduced several innovations in the healthcare sector in recent times. However, public health spending is only 1.15-1.5% of GDP. Allocation for healthcare is merely 2.2% of the Budget.Continue reading “We need a leap in healthcare spending Editorial 7th Feb’19 TheHindu”

Why are coral reefs called rainforests of the sea? What are the factors responsible for coral bleaching?

Why are coral reefs called rainforests of the sea? What are the factors responsible for coral bleaching? Approach: Why coral reefs are called rain forest Factors for coral reef to thrive Factors leading to coral bleaching Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Coral reefs comprise less than 0.1 per cent of the ocean’s total area. Scientists estimateContinue reading “Why are coral reefs called rainforests of the sea? What are the factors responsible for coral bleaching?”

Examine the contribution of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to India’s awakening in the 19th century.

Examine the contribution of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to India’s awakening in the 19th century. Approach: Briefly introduce Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Examine his contributions to India’s awakening Conclude appropriately Model Answer : A great scholar and reformer, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar dedicated his entire life to the cause of social reforms. He was deeply influenced by theContinue reading “Examine the contribution of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to India’s awakening in the 19th century.”

Considering India’s great geographical extent from East to West, a single timezone makes neither economic nor social sense. In this context, evaluate the need to have a separate time zone for Northeastern India.

Considering India’s great geographical extent from East to West, a single timezone makes neither economic nor social sense. In this context, evaluate the need to have a separate time zone for Northeastern India. Approach: Introduction should contain brief discussion on IST Discuss the merits and demerits of having separate timezone for the NE Conclude appropriately ModelContinue reading “Considering India’s great geographical extent from East to West, a single timezone makes neither economic nor social sense. In this context, evaluate the need to have a separate time zone for Northeastern India.”

“The Maurayans made a remarkable contribution to Indian art and architecture.” Elaborate.

“The Maurayans made a remarkable contribution to Indian art and architecture.” Elaborate. Approach: Introduce with briefly mentioning the significance of Mauryan rule in India. Point out the contribution of Mauryans in the different forms of Art and Architecture. Conclude your arguments. Model Answer : The Mauryan kings were great patrons of art due to whichContinue reading ““The Maurayans made a remarkable contribution to Indian art and architecture.” Elaborate.”

What do you understand by Citizens’ Charter? Discuss the components and benefits of a good Citizens’ Charter.

What do you understand by Citizens’ Charter? Discuss the components and benefits of a good Citizens’ Charter. Approach: Introduce with the meaning of Citizens’ Charter. Point out various components of an ideal Citizens’ Charter. Discuss the benefits of having a good Citizens’ Charter. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Good governance is the key for holisticContinue reading “What do you understand by Citizens’ Charter? Discuss the components and benefits of a good Citizens’ Charter.”

Explain how trade monopolies of East India Company were diluted by different Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament?

Explain how trade monopolies of East India Company were diluted by different Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament? Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS   Approach :  Brief Introduction on how EIC got trade monopoly and why it was diluted. Then explain how different charter acts diluted the trade monopoly of EIC. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : TheContinue reading “Explain how trade monopolies of East India Company were diluted by different Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament?”

 What are footloose industries? Discuss the key characteristics a footloose industry. (150 words)

 What are footloose industries? Discuss the key characteristics a footloose industry. (150 words) Approach: Define footloose industry with examples Discuss the key characteristics of a footloose industry Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The footloose industry is such type industry which doesn’t have a strong locational preference as the input resources and output markets can beContinue reading ” What are footloose industries? Discuss the key characteristics a footloose industry. (150 words)”