Education is one of the important pillars of youth empowerment. However, the barriers faced by existing education system are preventing our country from harnessing the demographic dividend through the empowerment of youth. Discuss.

Education is one of the important pillars of youth empowerment. However, the barriers faced by existing education system are preventing our country from harnessing the demographic dividend through the empowerment of youth. Discuss.
Approach:
  • Introduce with the youth heavy Indian demographics and the importance of education
  • Highlight the existing barriers in our education system
  • Discuss some government initiatives in education to empower the youth
  • Conclude appropriately
Model Answer :
The Indian population under the age group of 15-29 comprises 27.5 of the total population, giving India a favourable demographic profile. Nearly 65% of India’s population is under 35, making it a largely young nation.
The key to youth empowerment is to educate them and make them employable. The demographic dividend is never a burden on any nation but a window of opportunity if we are able to achieve this. However, our existing education system suffers from many setbacks.
The existing education system of India has many barriers:
Systemic issues:
  • Lack of quality and motivated teachers and mentors
  • Faculty crunch
  • Paucity of funds especially in state institutions
  • Not enough budgetary support (3.3% of GDP)
  • Interfering and overpowering political bureaucratic setup
  • Inability of senior academicians and researchers to implement their visions
Obsolescence:
  • Out dated and rigid curriculum, non-uniformity in curricula, inability of conventional teaching pedagogy to teach tech savvy youths of today, minimization of laboratory based education are major concerns.
  • Curricula today make youth literate but not educated with holistic development.
  • Institutions of higher education (except federal funded institutions) are ill-equipped.
No inputs taken from employers:
  • Lack of participation of employers in designing curriculum
Government Initiatives:
  • Expansion of education for youth at every level by establishing new Institutions like IITs, IIMs, AIIMs etc.
  • Global initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) aimed at tapping the pool of scientist and entrepreneurs internationally to encourage their engagement with the institutes of Higher Education.
  • Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) India with an aim to direct research in the Premier institutions into areas of social relevance.
  • Uchchtar Avishkar Yojana launched to promote industry specific need based research
  • National institutional ranking framework for ranking the higher education institutions
  • Establishment of Higher Education Financing Agency
  • National Academic Depository (NAD) for maintaining academic awards in digital depository
  • SWAYAM PRABHA – PROJECT FOR TELECASTING HIGH QUALITY EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS THROUGH 32 DTH CHANNELS
  • SWAYAM – indigenous IT platform for hosting the massive open online courses
  • National digital library
  • Campus Connect to provide Wi-Fi enabled campus
  • All India Survey on Higher Education
  • National initiative for design innovation
  • Rashtriya uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA)
  • Choice Based Credit System – an excellent approach to design curriculum, which is going to be a student centric, giving them ample opportunity for interdisciplinary academic along with multi directional movement within state, nation and world’s education system.
Conclusion:
To empower the youth, the education system calculated reforms are needed. The four pronged positive approach – student centric education systems (CBCS), employers need based curricula, extended helping hand of government through its policies and and recognition and acceptance of trained and talented youth by the society and world of work – can empower youth and nation both.

Subjects : Yojna summary

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