Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad

Headline : Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad

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India’s access to important ports abroad


Sabang port, Indonesia

  • India is developing its maiden deep-sea port in Indonesia’s Sabang.
  • The port is close to Andaman and Nicobar Islands making its maiden foray in the southeast Asian.
  • Its position at the mouth of Malacca Strait, which is the main shipping lane between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean and one of the busiest sea routes.
  • The deep sea port (deep enough for submarines too) will help counter China’s rising maritime influence in the region.


Duqm port, Oman:

  • In 2018, India gained military access to the port on Oman’s southern coast.
  • Duqm, on the northwestern edge of Indian Ocean, provides easy access to Red Sea.
  • Duqm gives Indian Navy a logistics multiplier as it seeks to counter China’s presence in Djibouti.


Chabahar port, Iran:

  • The Chabahar port of Iran is easily accessible from India’s western coast and is increasingly seen as a counter to Pakistan’s Gwadar port.
  • The Chabahar port is being considered as a gateway to golden opportunities for trade by India, Iran, and Afghanistan with central Asian countries.
  • The Chabahar port is also seen as a feeder port to the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) that has sea, rail and road routes between India, Russia, Iran, Europe, and Central Asia.


Assumption island, Seychelles:

  • The Assumption island’s location is strategically important for monitoring shipping in the Mozambique Channel, which sees significant international trade.
  • Once ready, the naval base will help India secure its merchant ships, be a resource for other shipping nations, and help combat China’s increasing influence in the Indian Ocean.
  • It will help India exercise greater control over the Indian Ocean’s western region all the way to the piracy-prone eastern African coastline.

Section : Miscellaneous