Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Argentina
Why it is important?
- Argentina hosted the recent G20 summit in 2018.
- In Feb 2019, Argentina’s President paid a state visit to India. 2019 is the 70th year of establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
- Argentina is located mostly in the southern half of the South America.
- Argentina derives its name from the Latin word for silver, Argentum as Argentina is a great source of valuable minerals.
- Capital: Buenos Aires
- Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world and second largest country of South America after Brazil.
- It shares boundary with : Chile (to the west), Bolivia and Paraguay (to the north); Brazil (to the northeast), Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean (to the east) and the Drake Passage (to the south).
Note: The Drake Passage is a narrow body of water between Antarctica and South America. It connects Atlantic Ocean and Pacific ocean.
- Its geography is dominated by :
- Andes mountain range in the west, forming boundary between Chile and Argentina.
- Gran Chaco lowlands in the north (famous for Quebrancho tree)
- Pampas grasslands in the centre(one of the most fertile grasslands of the world: famous for Wheat, maize and linseed cultivation)
- Patagonia Plateau to the south.
Note: Trans Andean Railway line provide railway transport over the Andes, connecting Chile and Argentina.
- Important rivers:
- Colorado River flows in south of Argentina, generally east -southeast across the arid terrain of northern Patagonia and the southern Pampas.
- Parana River runs through Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. It is the second longest river in South America. It drains into Rio de la Plata and Atlantic Ocean.
- Uruguay River passes through Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. It drains into Rio de la Plata and Atlantic Ocean.
Note: Together with the Paraná River, the Uruguay forms the Río de la Plata estuary.
- Temperate climate in general
- Temperature decreases from north to south and from east to west.
- Vegetation: Grass is the chief vegetation of Argentina.
- Monte Desert is a small desert above the Patagonian Plateau.