Discuss the consequences of the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar in the Modern Indian history. (200 words)
- Introduce with the two battles
- Explain the various consequences of the Battle of Plassey
- Then explain the consequences of the Battle of Buxar
- Conclude appropriately
- From the military point of view, the Battle of Plassey was not an important engagement. However, what followed thereafter is often referred to as the “Plassey plunder”.
- Immediately after the war, the English army and navy each received the hefty sums of money.
- Prior to 1757, the English trade in Bengal was largely financed through import of bullion from England, but after Plassey not only bullion import stopped but bullion was exported from Bengal to China and other parts of India, which gave a competitive advantage to the English company over its European rivals.
- Company officials made personal fortunes not only through direct extortion but also through private trade.
- After Buxar, the English power in Northern India became unchallengeable.
- At the Treaty of Allahabad of 1765, Shah Alam granted the company the Diwani (revenue collecting rights) of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
- The British resident posted at the court of Murshidabad (Bengal) gradually, by 1772, became the locus of real administrative power in the province. Thus it was in Bengal that the system of indirect rule as a policy of the company’s imperial governance was first initiated.
If the Battle of Plassey had made the English a powerful factor in the politics of Bengal, the victory of Buxar made them a great power of North India and contenders for the supremacy of the whole country.
Subjects : History and Culture