The Sendai Declaration was adopted almost universally to achieve substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses. Highlight the various important initiatives taken by India towards disaster risk reduction in commitment to the Sendai framework. (10 marks)
- Introduction with Sendai framework
- Mention various initiatives by GoI – Asian Ministerial Conference, capacity building, sharing India’s expertise etc.
- Conclude appropriately
In 2015, 188 UN member nations, including India adopted a 15-year plan on disaster risk reduction termed as ‘Sendai Framework’. The Sendai Framework has set targets for substantial disaster risk reduction by 2030, including reduction in number of deaths from disasters, number of people affected by disasters, economic losses and infrastructure losses.
The Framework calls for concrete indicators of progress towards these targets by the members. In furtherance to its commitment to the Sendai framework, Indian Government has taken up several important initiatives post Sendai Declaration, including:
- Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Reduction (AMCDRR): As committed during the Sendai conference, India hosted the AMCDRR in 2016 and adopted ‘New Delhi Declaration’and ‘Regional Action Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’. The outcomes of AMCDRR will guide the implementation of the Sendai Framework in Asia and the Pacific.
- Set of priority actions have been issued to all the State governments by the government of India based on the goals, targets and priorities of Sendai Framework.
- Strengthening of disaster response forces: National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) was strengthened in terms of state of the art training and equipment. The government also approved the creation of National Disaster Response Reserve (NDRR) fund under NDRF for inventory of emergency goods.
- Sharing India’s expertise: The government is helping countries in disaster response (Nepal in 2015 and Japan in 2011), and is making consistent efforts to promote regional cooperation by hosting the SAARC Disaster Management Centre to reduce disaster risk in the region and promote knowledge sharing.
- Capacity building: Establishment of a Centre for Excellence in Disaster Research and Resilience Building at JNU, National Disaster Response Force Academy at National Civil Defence College, Strengthening and up-gradation of National Fire Safety College etc.
Disaster management has evolved a long way from managing events of disaster to managing the risks of disasters, and India’s post Sendai initiatives represent a step forward in this direction. Further, there is need of collaboration by all entities, public and private, to strengthen the mechanisms for disaster risk reduction.
Subjects : Disaster Management