Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

Headline : India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5%

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Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

News Summary

  • According to Global Energy and CO2 Status Report released by IEA, the global energy demand increased by 2.3% in 2018.
  • As a result the energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 gigatonnes in 2018.

In focus: Global Energy and CO2 Status Report, 2019

Global energy trends

Demand

  • Global energy consumption increased by 2.3%.
  • China, the United States, and India together accounted for nearly 70% of the rise in energy demand.
  • India saw primary energy demand increase 4% accounting for 11% of global growth.
  • Growth in India was led by coal (for power generation) and oil (for transport), the first and second biggest contributors to energy demand growth, respectively.

Sector-wise energy demand

  • Power generation accounts for largest share of energy demand (about 50%), followed by transportation.
  • About 1/5th of the global energy demand came from higher demand for heating and cooling systems due to climate change.

Contribution

  • Fossils met nearly 70% of the growth in energy.
  • Natural gas contributed for 45% of the energy growth. (due to strong demand in US and China)
  • Solar contributed to 31% of the energy growth.
  • Coal-fired power plants contributed 35% of the energy demand
  • Oil demand grew 1.3% worldwide.
  • Nuclear also grew by 3.3% in 2018 with new additions in China and the restart of four reactors in Japan.

Emissions

  • The global energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 Gigatonnes (Gt) in 2018.
  • China, India, and the United States accounted for 85% of the net increase in emissions
  • Emissions declined for Germany, Japan, Mexico, France and the United Kingdom

Contribution

  • Power sector accounted for nearly two-thirds of emissions growth.
  • CO2 emission from coal combustion was responsible for over 0.3°C of the 1°C increase in global temperatures over pre-industrial levels.
  • Thus coal is the single largest source of global temperature increase.

Country-wise emissions

  • India saw the largest rise in CO2 emissions with 4.8% over last year.
  • CO2 emissions in China grew by 2.5%
  • US saw an emissions rise of 3.1%.
  • Europe and Japan actually saw a dip in emissions.
  • India contributes to 7% to the global carbon dioxide burden.
  • USA is the largest emitter responsible for 14% of global emissions

Note: The important data from the report is collated for use in mains examination wherever appropriate.

Section : Environment & Ecology
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