Ramappa Temple for world heritage site
- Telangana is expected to get its first site, the Ramappa Temple at Palampet, included in UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee.
- India has already got 37 sites inscribed in the World Heritage List.
- There are total 29 cultural sites, 7 Natural sites and 1 mixed site of India in the World Heritage list.
- Moreover, around 42 sites from India including the Qutb Shahi monuments of Hyderabad, Golconda Fort, and Charminar from Telangana are on the tentative list of World Heritage Sites.
- The Ramappa Temple was proposed to be included as part of ‘The Glorious Kakatiya Temples and Gateways’ along with the Thousand Pillar Temple, Swayambhu Temple and Keerti Thoranas of Warangal Fort since 2014.
- Now, the temple is in the reckoning as a standalone world heritage site.
- The 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee will be held in Baku, Azerbaijan.
- The committee will decide on the inclusions of World heritage sites for 2019 in that session.
- It is expected that the Ramappa Temple at Palampet near Warangal, Telangana could be selected for inclusion in the list of World heritage sites.
Significance of the inclusion
- First in Telangana: It would be Telangana’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Prestige/Identity: The sites inscribed on the World Heritage List gains the prestige which often helps raise awareness among citizens and governments for heritage preservation.
- Protection and conservation: Greater awareness leads to a general rise in the level of the protection and conservation given to heritage properties.
- Financial Assistance: A country may also receive financial assistance and expert advice from the World Heritage Committee to support activities for the preservation of its sites.
- Tourism: Once listed, it brings international attention to the site and hence, ensures economic benefits to the nation.
- Protection during wartime: The site becomes protected under Geneva Convention against destruction or misuse during war.
About the Temple
- Rudreswara (Ramappa) temple at Palampet near Warangal, got its name Ramappa because of its chief sculptor Ramappa.
- It’s probably the only temple in the country to be known by the name of its sculptor.
- The medieval Deccan Ramappa Temple which dates back to 1213 AD, was built by the patronage of the Kakatiya ruler Kakati Ganapathi Deva under the authority of his Chief Commander Rudra Samani.
- Features of the temple
- The Ramappa temple is a Shivalaya, crowned with a shikharam and surrounded by pradakshinapatha sits a 6 feet high star shaped platform.
- The temple is built on a valley and it rests on bricks that are scientifically shown to float in water.
- It has intricate carvings adorning the walls, pillars and ceilings unique to the time of Kakatiyan sculptors and empire.
- The hall in front of the sanctum has numerous carved pillars that have been positioned to create an effect that combines light and space in a unique way.
- The sculptural work of dance postures in the temple appear like a record of dances of the region in stone and was of great inspiration for the famous work ‘NrityaRatnavali’, by Jayapa Senani.
- The postures pertaining to BharataNatya, Shrunga, Bharunga, Rathi, Perini Nritya , are engraved on the pillars.
- The ‘Nagini’ and other eleven devanarthakis arranged as supporting beams on both sides of each entrance define the highly refined aesthetic sense of Kakatiya
- The desi (local) varieties of dances such as Perini, Prenkana, SuddaNartana, Dandarasak, Sivapriya, Chindu and Kolata are some dance forms in the sculptural art of the temple.
- This temple is described as the “brightest star in the galaxy of medieval temples of the Deccan” a repository of Kakatiyan creative genius.
- The Ramappa temple is a best example of the love for art, music and dance as patronized by Kakatiyas.
About UNESCO World Heritage site
- A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
- To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an already classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance (such as an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area.
- It may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, and serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet.