The number of projects undertaken in space technology is growing day by day as the area of applications are immense. Explain.

The number of projects undertaken in space technology is growing day by day as the area of applications are immense. Explain. Approach: • Introduce by pointing out increasing endeavours in the space technology. • Discuss the applications by subdividing into 4-5 headings. • Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The space technology is without a doubt driving the modernContinue reading “The number of projects undertaken in space technology is growing day by day as the area of applications are immense. Explain.”

Children testifying as witnesses find the courtroom experience intimidating. What steps have been taken by the government and courts towards ensuring a conducive and protective atmosphere for vulnerable witnesses. (250 words)

Children testifying as witnesses find the courtroom experience intimidating. What steps have been taken by the government and courts towards ensuring a conducive and protective atmosphere for vulnerable witnesses. (250 words) Approach: Briefly introduce with the problems faced by children inside courtrooms. Discuss the steps like POCSO act, SC’s guidelines, Delhi HC’s guidelines, etc. ConcludeContinue reading “Children testifying as witnesses find the courtroom experience intimidating. What steps have been taken by the government and courts towards ensuring a conducive and protective atmosphere for vulnerable witnesses. (250 words)”

The Supreme Court of India’s recognition of the right to privacy as a fundamental right is going to have widespread implications. Explain.

The Supreme Court of India’s recognition of the right to privacy as a fundamental right is going to have widespread implications. Explain. Approach Introduce with right to privacy and recent judgement of SC in this regard. Point out various implications of this judgement. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The right to privacy gives people theContinue reading “The Supreme Court of India’s recognition of the right to privacy as a fundamental right is going to have widespread implications. Explain.”

Explain with an example the difference between attitude and aptitude. Why are both these attributes important in a Civil Servant? (150 words)

Explain with an example the difference between attitude and aptitude. Why are both these attributes important in a Civil Servant? (150 words) Approach: Define Attitude and Aptitude Mention differences between Attitude and Aptitude with an example Highlight the importance of Aptitude and Attitude in Civil Service Conclude accordingly Model Answer : Attitude: Attitude is the mentalContinue reading “Explain with an example the difference between attitude and aptitude. Why are both these attributes important in a Civil Servant? (150 words)”

Explain the various factors controlling the temperature distribution on our planet.

Explain the various factors controlling the temperature distribution on our planet. Approach: Introduce with importance of temperature.(be brief) Discuss various factor influencing the distribution of temperature on Earth. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Temperature is an important climatic element having far-reaching global influences. The distribution of temperature across the globe is uneven as it isContinue reading “Explain the various factors controlling the temperature distribution on our planet.”

Smart farming: Agriculture data can reap a bumper harvest Editorial 25th Apr’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Smart farming: Agriculture data can reap a bumper harvest Editorial 25th Apr’19 FinancialExpress Details : Dependence on government for agriculture data: Agricultural statistics is not easy to collect and compile, hence the dependence on the government. But this data suffers from the issues of timeliness, reliability and integrity. Yet, since it is only source, there isContinue reading “Smart farming: Agriculture data can reap a bumper harvest Editorial 25th Apr’19 FinancialExpress”

The multiple connectivity initiatives being taken up by India and Bangladesh are crucial for the development on North Eastern India as well as regional economic prosperity. Discuss.

The multiple connectivity initiatives being taken up by India and Bangladesh are crucial for the development on North Eastern India as well as regional economic prosperity. Discuss. Approach Introduce with how connectivity has improved the relationship between the two nations. Mention few connectivity initiatives which have improved the overall relations and discuss how these initiatives have helpedContinue reading “The multiple connectivity initiatives being taken up by India and Bangladesh are crucial for the development on North Eastern India as well as regional economic prosperity. Discuss.”

In Brief: About National Housing Bank (NHB), About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

News : RBI divests its entire stake in Nabard, NHB News Analysis Reserve Bank has divested its entire stake in National Housing Bank (NHB) and the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), with this the government is now cent percent holder of both these financial institutions. RBI had 100% shareholding in NHB, whichContinue reading “In Brief: About National Housing Bank (NHB), About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)”

Ethics play important role in our society. Illustrate with examples. (150 words)

Ethics play important role in our society. Illustrate with examples. (150 words) Approach: Define ethics in introduction. Then discuss the role of ethics in our society with examples. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Man has always sought to know how to lead a ‘good’ life and to draw up rules of conduct. Ethics are a setContinue reading “Ethics play important role in our society. Illustrate with examples. (150 words)”

With the country on track to achieve complete rural electrification, the next step is to ensure power for all. Discuss how the recently launched Saubhagya scheme seeks to achieve this.

With the country on track to achieve complete rural electrification, the next step is to ensure power for all. Discuss how the recently launched Saubhagya scheme seeks to achieve this. Approach: Introduce with progress rural electrification and how ‘power for all’ is the next step Explain Saubhagya scheme and its key features that are aimedContinue reading “With the country on track to achieve complete rural electrification, the next step is to ensure power for all. Discuss how the recently launched Saubhagya scheme seeks to achieve this.”

India and Pak Relation: In Brief : Cross-LoC trade, Intra Kashmir Trade Report

Headline : Explained: LoC trade, in perspective Details : Context of the topic: Last week, the government of India suspended the cross-LoC trade, alleging misuse of the facility by individuals linked to terrorist groups   Theme of the topic: The topic gives a brief account of information about the History of the cross-LoC trade and itsContinue reading “India and Pak Relation: In Brief : Cross-LoC trade, Intra Kashmir Trade Report”

Secularism in India is to be understood at the three levels of the individual, society and the State, which are complementary to each other. Comment. (250 words)

Secularism in India is to be understood at the three levels of the individual, society and the State, which are complementary to each other. Comment. (250 words) Approach: Explain multiple religions in India and concept of Secularism Explain significance of secularism at all three levels Explain how they are complementary Conclude appropriately Model Answer : IndiaContinue reading “Secularism in India is to be understood at the three levels of the individual, society and the State, which are complementary to each other. Comment. (250 words)”

Rajyasabha: Productivity Downfall?

Why in news? Rajya Sabha Chairman recently presented a “report to the people”, highlighting the below-par performance of the Upper House and need to hold legislatures accountable. Highlights of report Since June 2014, the Rajya Sabha has held 18 sessions and 329 sittings and passed 154 Bills — which comes to less than one BillContinue reading “Rajyasabha: Productivity Downfall?”

What do you understand by the doctrine of Separation of Powers. Compare and contrast the doctrine as followed by the American Presidential system and Indian Parliamentary system.

What do you understand by the doctrine of Separation of Powers. Compare and contrast the doctrine as followed by the American Presidential system and Indian Parliamentary system. Approach: Define the concept of Separation of power Mention about Concept of Separation power in American constitution Compare and contrast with separation of powers in Indian system ConcludeContinue reading “What do you understand by the doctrine of Separation of Powers. Compare and contrast the doctrine as followed by the American Presidential system and Indian Parliamentary system.”

Discuss the salient features of the Rights of Persons with Disability Act 2016 along with the shortcomings. (250 words)

Discuss the salient features of the Rights of Persons with Disability Act 2016 along with the shortcomings. (250 words) Approach: Introduce with some stats reflecting situation of disabled and the need for such an Act. Point out the salient features of the Act. Mention what is missing in the bill Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer :Continue reading “Discuss the salient features of the Rights of Persons with Disability Act 2016 along with the shortcomings. (250 words)”

North Korea and USA Relation : Current

Headline : After unsuccessful summit with Trump, North Korean Kim Jong Un is again using military optics Details : The news North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is returning to his military optics two months after his unsuccessful summit with the US President.   Background North Korea’s quest for a nuclear weapon can be traced backContinue reading “North Korea and USA Relation : Current”

In Brief: PJ Nayak Committee and Banks Board Bureau (BBB)

Headline : BBB tags 75 officers for leadership roles in PSBs Details : The News: The Banks Board Bureau (BBB) has recently identified 75 senior officers for leadership roles in Public Sector Banks (PSBs). The BBB also gave its recommendations in key areas that needed to be strengthened besides improvising governance practices among PSBs.   AboutContinue reading “In Brief: PJ Nayak Committee and Banks Board Bureau (BBB)”

Pakistan’s economy and IMF’s help

Headline : Either way, the news is bad Editorial 20th Apr’19 TheHindu Pakistan’s economy in free-fall: Pakistan’s economy is in ruins, with almost every indicator deteriorating substantially. Inflation: Inflation, at 9.4%, is at its highest level in five-and-a-half years and is likely to rise to double digits for the months ahead. Currency depreciation: The Pakistani rupee continues toContinue reading “Pakistan’s economy and IMF’s help”

In Brief: Undertrials and Covicts: Fundamental Right, Right to equality, Right to Constitutional Remedies

Headline : Plea in SC on voting rights of undertrials and convicts Details : The News Recently a plea has been filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 challenging an electoral law denying undertrials and convicts their right to vote.   Provision violating the right to equality Section 62(5) of the Representation of People Act of 1951 :Continue reading “In Brief: Undertrials and Covicts: Fundamental Right, Right to equality, Right to Constitutional Remedies”

Non-Partisanship is a foundational value of Civil Service. What do you understand by Non-partisanship? Explain its importance in Civil Service. (150 words)

Non-Partisanship is a foundational value of Civil Service. What do you understand by Non-partisanship? Explain its importance in Civil Service. (150 words) Approach: Define Non-partisanship Give example of Non-partisanship Explain its importance in Civil Service Conclude accordingly Model Answer : Non-partisanship in Civil Service means non-disposition of civil servants towards any political party i.e. toContinue reading “Non-Partisanship is a foundational value of Civil Service. What do you understand by Non-partisanship? Explain its importance in Civil Service. (150 words)”

Prelims 2019: About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, About Indian Fox/ Bengal fox, About Chenchu Tribe

News Summary Chenchus believe that beginning the day by seeing the face of the fox is a fortune and thus they have domesticated foxes. However, the conservation of fox falls under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972, according to which hunting or domesticating it is an offence and attracts punishment.   About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972Continue reading “Prelims 2019: About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, About Indian Fox/ Bengal fox, About Chenchu Tribe”

In the Union Budget 2017, Electoral Bonds were introduced as a way of funding for political parties. What are electoral bonds and why were they introduced? Why have these bonds been subject of much criticism?

In the Union Budget 2017, Electoral Bonds were introduced as a way of funding for political parties. What are electoral bonds and why were they introduced? Why have these bonds been subject of much criticism? Approach: Introduction should explain the meaning of Electoral Bonds. Explain the rationale behind their introduction i.e., to prevent black money enteringContinue reading “In the Union Budget 2017, Electoral Bonds were introduced as a way of funding for political parties. What are electoral bonds and why were they introduced? Why have these bonds been subject of much criticism?”

 Differentiate among ethics, morals and values with suitable examples. (150 words)

 Differentiate among ethics, morals and values with suitable examples. (150 words) Approach: In introduction, write about how these are inter related terms. Then give differences among ethics, morals and values with examples. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Ethics, morals and values are inter-related terms as all shape how we behave in our life. While theyContinue reading ” Differentiate among ethics, morals and values with suitable examples. (150 words)”

Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (150 words)

Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (150 words) Approach: Introduce explaining values. Discuss the role of the family. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Values are an individual/group’s own principles or qualities guiding their judgment and behaviour. They can be intrinsic like truth, courage, goodness, etc or they can be extrinsicContinue reading “Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (150 words)”

Define Gross Domestic Product (GDP). How it is different from Gross National product (GNP). Also explain the limitations of GDP as a indicator of social well-being. (200 words) 

Define Gross Domestic Product (GDP). How it is different from Gross National product (GNP). Also explain the limitations of GDP as a indicator of social well-being. (200 words) Model Answer : Gross domestic product (GNP): Gross domestic product (GDP) is the total value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country’s bordersContinue reading “Define Gross Domestic Product (GDP). How it is different from Gross National product (GNP). Also explain the limitations of GDP as a indicator of social well-being. (200 words) “

In Brief: About Anti-vaccine campaign, About Measles

Headline : Global measles cases up 300 per cent year-on-year, WHO Details : News Summary According to WHO, the number of cases of measles world over has seen an increase by 300% in the first 3 months of 2019 compared to same period in 2018. The increase in measles cases around the world is attributed toContinue reading “In Brief: About Anti-vaccine campaign, About Measles”

In Brief: Indo-Pacific wing, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), India and Asean

Headline : External affairs ministry sets up Indo-Pacific wing Details : The News: In a recent move, India has just set up an Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office, which will integrate the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Asean region and the Quad to the Indo-Pacific table.   Background: The US has recently renamed its PacificContinue reading “In Brief: Indo-Pacific wing, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), India and Asean”

“Freedom of Speech and Expression is sacrosanct and the said right should not be ordinarily interfered with.” Explain in the context of recent controversies regarding release of cinematographic films in India.

“Freedom of Speech and Expression is sacrosanct and the said right should not be ordinarily interfered with.” Explain in the context of recent controversies regarding release of cinematographic films in India. Approach: Introduce with the right to freedom of speech and expression Point out how the artistic expression in the form of in form ofContinue reading ““Freedom of Speech and Expression is sacrosanct and the said right should not be ordinarily interfered with.” Explain in the context of recent controversies regarding release of cinematographic films in India.”

Why the latest Ebola outbreak in Congo is a growing concern?

Headline : Why the latest Ebola outbreak in Congo is a growing concern? Details : News Context Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo has become the second-deadliest in history with 1,220 confirmed and probable cases, including 772 deaths, since Aug 2018. However, despite a worsening Ebola epidemic, the World Health Organization has decided not toContinue reading “Why the latest Ebola outbreak in Congo is a growing concern?”

What are the reasons behind the Emergency provisions in Indian constitution? Explain how the 44th constitutional amendment protects against the arbitrary imposition of National Emergency.

What are the reasons behind the Emergency provisions in Indian constitution? Explain how the 44th constitutional amendment protects against the arbitrary imposition of National Emergency. Approach: Introduce with types of emergencies and the relevant articles in the Constitution Explain the rationality behind the provisions Explain briefly the background to the 44th constitutional amendment Explain howContinue reading “What are the reasons behind the Emergency provisions in Indian constitution? Explain how the 44th constitutional amendment protects against the arbitrary imposition of National Emergency.”

Culture:- Brief for Prelims

Ugadi/ Losar/ Gudi Padawa Ugadi is celebrated as New Year’s Day in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The name Ugadi is derived from the name “Yuga Adi”, which means ‘the beginning of a new age’. It is celebrated on the first day of the Hindu month Chaitra, which marks the onset of spring. The festival of LosarContinue reading “Culture:- Brief for Prelims”

Monetary economics in emerging markets needs a rethink 

Headline : Monetary economics in emerging markets needs a rethink  Details :  The News In a recent speech titled ‘Global Risks and Policy Challenges facing Emerging Market Economies’, given by the RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das, he has emphasised on the need of rethinking on monetary economics in emerging markets.   About Monetary Policy Monetary policy isContinue reading “Monetary economics in emerging markets needs a rethink “

Lateral entry : what the government is trying to do?

Headline : Lateral entry : what the government is trying to do?  Details :  News Context : Recently, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has appointed nine non-governmental professionals at joint-secretary level posts in central government departments through Lateral entry. What is lateral entry? The lateral entry mode is the appointment of specialists from private sectorContinue reading “Lateral entry : what the government is trying to do?”

Large banks more efficient, scope for more mergers in the sector: RBI study

Headline : Large banks more efficient, scope for more mergers in the sector: RBI study Details : The News According to a recent study “‘Labour Cost Efficiency of Indian Banks”, conducted by RBI, large banks tended to be more efficient than small banks, suggesting more mergers in future.   Bank Mergers: Important reports In 1991, Narasimham (a formerContinue reading “Large banks more efficient, scope for more mergers in the sector: RBI study”

Pak launches guidelines to implement UNSC 1267 Sanctions in country

Headline : Pak launches guidelines to implement UNSC 1267 Sanctions in country  Details :  The news Pakistan has launched guidelines for implementing the UNSC 1267 Sanctions targeting UN-proscribed individuals and entities in the country.   Background After Pulwama attach and India’s counter airstrikes, tensions escalated between India and Pakistan. Since then, Pakistan is under intense globalContinue reading “Pak launches guidelines to implement UNSC 1267 Sanctions in country”

How do groups influence the performance of an individual? Explain with real life examples. (150 words)

How do groups influence the performance of an individual? Explain with real life examples. (150 words) Approach Briefly explain group in introduction. Then discuss influence on individual while performing an activity alone and in a group. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : A group may be defined as an organized system of two or more individuals, whoContinue reading “How do groups influence the performance of an individual? Explain with real life examples. (150 words)”

Five actions to turbocharge India’s public healthcare Editorial 7th Apr’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Five actions to turbocharge India’s public healthcare Editorial 7th Apr’19 IndianExpress  Details :  India’s rising population has great health services need: India has the world’s second largest population which went from 760 million in 1985 and doubled in size by 2015. This rapid rise in population has not seen an appropriate increase in health servicesContinue reading “Five actions to turbocharge India’s public healthcare Editorial 7th Apr’19 IndianExpress”

Open up the Supreme Court Editorial 9th Apr’19 TheHindu

Headline : Open up the Supreme Court Editorial 9th Apr’19 TheHindu  Details :  Delhi HC judgement said RTI applicable to higher judiciary: In 2009, the High Court of Delhi handed down a landmark judgment dealing with the Right to Information (RTI) Act. It held that the Office of the Chief Justice of India (CJI) was a “publicContinue reading “Open up the Supreme Court Editorial 9th Apr’19 TheHindu”

Steps to cement ties with China Editorial 10th Apr’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Steps to cement ties with China Editorial 10th Apr’19 IndianExpress  Details :  Focus must remain on foreign policy even in election season: Even as India heads into a general election, it is important to keep focus on and not lose track of how the country must shape its foreign policy over the coming fiveContinue reading “Steps to cement ties with China Editorial 10th Apr’19 IndianExpress”

The oceans and seas are home to unlimited resources like hydrocarbons, minerals and fish, but their exploitation remains a challenge. Discuss.

The oceans and seas are home to unlimited resources like hydrocarbons, minerals and fish, but their exploitation remains a challenge. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with oceans and marine resource availability Discuss resources under categories like Physical, Biological, Renewable energy etc. Briefly highlight the challenges in exploiting them Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Oceans and seas areContinue reading “The oceans and seas are home to unlimited resources like hydrocarbons, minerals and fish, but their exploitation remains a challenge. Discuss.”

A Rare Opportunity Editorial 11th Apr’19 IndianExpress

  Headline : A Rare Opportunity Editorial 11th Apr’19 IndianExpress  Details :  Rare diseases: A rare disease affects a small percentage of people. Most rare diseases are chronic and severe, leading to death or disability. Problems in diagnosis, understanding and treatment: Since these diseases are not found commonly, doctors are typically unaware about them and thereforeContinue reading “A Rare Opportunity Editorial 11th Apr’19 IndianExpress”

Languages and civilisation Editorial 5th Apr’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Languages and civilisation Editorial 5th Apr’19 IndianExpress  Details :  Importance of language: Language is a tool for intellectual and emotional expression. Language is a vehicle for the transmission of culture, scientific knowledge and a worldview across generations. It is the vital, unseen thread that links the past with the present. The great Indian poet AcharyaContinue reading “Languages and civilisation Editorial 5th Apr’19 IndianExpress”

National Health Policy 2017 seeks to recognise and address the realities of health care in India but some shortcomings remain. Discuss.

National Health Policy 2017 seeks to recognise and address the realities of health care in India but some shortcomings remain. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with NHP 2017 Enumerate the key features of NHP that are addressing the issues in healthcare Mention the shortcomings Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The National Health Policy 2017 is aimed atContinue reading “National Health Policy 2017 seeks to recognise and address the realities of health care in India but some shortcomings remain. Discuss.”

Discuss the Nolan Committee’s principles of public life. (150 words)

Discuss the Nolan Committee’s principles of public life. (150 words) Approach: Introduce with importance of ethics in public life and mention Nolan committee Discuss the principles as given by Nolan Committee. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Public officials are expected to uphold highest standards in their actions and an ethical code acts as a guide to achieveContinue reading “Discuss the Nolan Committee’s principles of public life. (150 words)”

Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns

Headline : Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns  Details :  The News In a major boost to its fire power, the indigenously produced long-range artillery gun, Dhanush was inducted into the Indian Army.   In focus: Dhanush Introduction Dhanush is the first indigenously produced long-range artillery gun. It has been developed by theContinue reading “Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns”

Discuss the land reform initiatives taken by the governments in India after Independence. (250 words)

Discuss the land reform initiatives taken by the governments in India after Independence. (250 words) Approach: Introduce with what is Land reform. Mention the reasons for land reforms Discuss some of the land reform initiatives by the government. Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer : Land Reforms usually refers to mainly the redistribution of agricultural land fromContinue reading “Discuss the land reform initiatives taken by the governments in India after Independence. (250 words)”

How Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers

Headline : How Election Commission runs poll machinery? Details : Theme: The article analysis how Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers.   Election Commission of India: The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous constitutional body responsible for administering election processes in India. It was established on JanuaryContinue reading “How Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers”

Mrunal Videos Links [1-24] and PDF’s + Quiz +Doubt PDF’s

Mrunal Videos Link:  https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/16HPve7F4M_TjdcyKrqN6sETesXs2btXc?usp=sharing All 1-24 Mrunal Videos at a single Point. ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ Join Telegram: https://t.me/MrunalsEconomy ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖

What are supercomputers? Give an account of their applications and India’s progress in this sector.

What are supercomputers? Give an account of their applications and India’s progress in this sector. Approach: Introduce supercomputer, with some examples Write about its use in various sectors Give an account of development of supercomputers in India Conclude appropriately Model Answer : A computer or array of computers that act as one collective machine capableContinue reading “What are supercomputers? Give an account of their applications and India’s progress in this sector.”

Discuss the need for lateral entry in civil services.

Discuss the need for lateral entry in civil services. Approach Explain lateral entry in introduction with current progress. Discuss its need in civil services. Then give negatives of lateral entry in civil services. Conclude with suggestions. Model Answer : Recently, the PMO has instructed the department of personnel and training to prepare a proposal forContinue reading “Discuss the need for lateral entry in civil services.”

Everything about UNESCAP’s ‘Ambition beyond Growth’ Report , SDG progress of Asia Pacific, Investment Plan, Policy Interventions to achieve SDG by 2030

Headline : To achieve development goals, Asia-Pacific countries need to spend USD 1.5 tn/yr, says UN report Details : The News UNESCAP’s report ‘ambitions beyond growth’ has projected $1.5trillion as the additional annual cost of meeting the targets set in SDG by 2030 for the countries in the Asia Pacific region.   In focus: UNESCAP’s ‘AmbitionContinue reading “Everything about UNESCAP’s ‘Ambition beyond Growth’ Report , SDG progress of Asia Pacific, Investment Plan, Policy Interventions to achieve SDG by 2030”

India and China : Trade- Areas of concern

India’s imports from China decelerating: Report News Context: Recently PHD chamber of Commerce has reported that there has been deceleration of demand for China’s products in India, during the April-January period of 2018-19 financial years. Indo- China Trade China is India’s 3rd largest export destination and largest sources of imports to India. There was aContinue reading “India and China : Trade- Areas of concern”

Describe some of the major elements of India’s rich cultural diversity. (150 words)

Describe some of the major elements of India’s rich cultural diversity. (150 words) Approach : Introduce with how India is home to rich cultural diversity Discuss major elements of cultural diversity, including race, religion and language Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India is considered the hotspot of the world in terms of diversity. The largeContinue reading “Describe some of the major elements of India’s rich cultural diversity. (150 words)”

What is Attitude? Discuss its components with examples. (150 words)

What is Attitude? Discuss its components with examples. (150 words) Approach Briefly explain attitude in introduction. Give its components with examples. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Attitude is a state of the mind, a set of views, or thoughts, regarding some topic (called the ‘attitude object’), which have an evaluative feature (positive, negative or neutralContinue reading “What is Attitude? Discuss its components with examples. (150 words)”

Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council.

Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council. Approach: Introduce with India’s fight for UNSC membership Enumerate the various impediments to India’s pursuit Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India has been actively pursuing the permanent membership of the UN Security Council (UNSC). It has pushed forContinue reading “Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council.”

Space debris from Indian satellite: NASA’s worry, and why risk is low

Headline : Space debris from Indian satellite: NASA’s worry, and why risk is low Details : The News A-SAT missile test of India has received some criticism from NASA over the potential impact of the space debris it has generated.   In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti Findings NASA has identified that India’s A-SAT missileContinue reading “Space debris from Indian satellite: NASA’s worry, and why risk is low”

Why it is important to count India’s chickens (and cows)

Headline : Why it is important to count India’s chickens (and cows) Details : The news The 20th round of the Livestock Census in India is being conducted by about 50,000 enumerators and 10,000 supervisors.   Background of livestock census Livestock census actually covers the census of livestock, poultry, implements and machinery used for livestock rearing.Continue reading “Why it is important to count India’s chickens (and cows)”

Headline : The global safety rules behind Ethiopia jet crash probe

Headline : The global safety rules behind Ethiopia jet crash probe Details : Context of the News: An Ethiopian Airlines 737 Max 8 crashed on March 10, 2019, killing all 157 people on board. It was the second crash of the 737 MAX, after the Indonesian Lion Air crash in October 2018. The recent crashes triggeredContinue reading “Headline : The global safety rules behind Ethiopia jet crash probe”

Prelims Program: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras

Headline : Prelims Program: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras Details : About Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses. PMBJP stores have been set up to provide generic drugs,Continue reading “Prelims Program: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras”

CRISPR-Cas9 is a revolutionary technique in the world of science. What is CRISPR-Cas9? Discuss its potential applications and the apprehensions associated with the use of this technology.

CRISPR-Cas9 is a revolutionary technique in the world of science. What is CRISPR-Cas9? Discuss its potential applications and the apprehensions associated with the use of this technology. Approach: Introduce with discussing the CRISPR-Cas9 technique. Point out the areas where this can be helpful. Discuss the apprehensions associated with this technology. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : CRISPR-Cas9Continue reading “CRISPR-Cas9 is a revolutionary technique in the world of science. What is CRISPR-Cas9? Discuss its potential applications and the apprehensions associated with the use of this technology.”

In Brief: Sedition, Defamation, AFSPA laws: Should repeal or amend

Headline : Sedition, Defamation, AFSPA laws that Congress wants to repeal or amend Details : The news A national party has released its manifesto for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, in which it promised to repeal or amend laws related to Sedition, Defamation and AFSPA, if they come to the power.  General information about the lawsContinue reading “In Brief: Sedition, Defamation, AFSPA laws: Should repeal or amend”

CSE 2021: What’s Important to read ?

Must Read, Nothing Required. 0. Syllabus+ Past Papers 1. Polity- Laxmikant, 11th NCERT 2. Geography – 11th or 12th NCERT + World ATLAS 3. History- TN NCERT/ OLD NCERT/ THEMES + Spectrum 4. Art and Culture- 11th- Introduction to Arts 5. Environment – Shankar IAS 6. Economy – Sanjiv Verma + Reddy Sir Notes +Continue reading “CSE 2021: What’s Important to read ?”

Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu

Headline : Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu Details :  Justice system in India is not accessible to many: The justice system in any democracy is set up, under the Constitution to serve the public, and judges are supposed to act without “fear or favour, affection or ill-will”. However, judges through lack of prescience, and manyContinue reading “Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu”

Mrunal Videos Links [1-24] and PDF’s + Quiz +Doubt PDF’s 

Mrunal Videos Link:  https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/16HPve7F4M_TjdcyKrqN6sETesXs2btXc?usp=sharing All 1-21 Mrunal Videos at a single Point. ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ Join Telegram: https://t.me/MrunalsEconomy ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖

Everything about Autism

Headline : AIIMS doctors develop application to help in timely diagnosis of autism  Details :  The News In the backdrop of the World Autism Awareness Day, doctors at AIIMS have developed a mobile app for early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders. World Autism Awareness Day is observed on April 2 every year. About the App TheContinue reading “Everything about Autism”

What is Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020. Discuss its salient features.(250 words)

What is Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020. Discuss its salient features.(250 words) Approach: Define what is Foreign Trade Policy. Discuss its salient features including SEIS, MEIS. Conclude Appropriately. Model Answer : Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020 provides a framework for increasing exports of goods and services as well as generation of employment and increasing value addition inContinue reading “What is Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020. Discuss its salient features.(250 words)”

In Brief :about PSLV-C45, It’s features and Multiple orbit launch

Headline : Explained: What makes PSLV-C45 special Details : In News: ISRO has successfully launched the PSLV-C45 ferrying satellites to multiple orbits in a single launch.   About PSLV-C45 PSLV-C45 mission involved launching of following satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT – 749 km 28 foreign satellites – 504 km Experimental satellites – 485 km  Continue reading “In Brief :about PSLV-C45, It’s features and Multiple orbit launch”

Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission

Headline : PSLV to launch military’s eye in the sky Details : The News ISRO will launch India’s first electronic intelligence satellite, EMISAT onboard PSLV-C45.   PSLV-C45 Mission PSLV-C45 mission, for the first time, will launch satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT, electronic intelligence satellite in the low earth orbit, 749 km above the surface ofContinue reading “Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission”

In Brief: ISIS and It’s Rise and Fall

About ISIS The Islamic State, or ISIS, is a militant organization that emerged as an offshoot of al Qaeda in 2014. It was founded by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, an Iraqi. It quickly took control of large parts of Iraq and Syria, raising its black flag in victory and declaring the creation of a caliphate andContinue reading “In Brief: ISIS and It’s Rise and Fall”

Differentiate between primary and secondary earthquake waves. Also explain how earthquake wave help in study of interior of earth.

Differentiate between primary and secondary earthquake waves. Also explain how earthquake wave help in study of interior of earth. Approach: Introduction with earthquake and various types of waves Differentiate between Primary and Secondary earthquake wave. Explain how earthquake waves help in the study of interior of the earth Conclude appropriately Model Answer : An earthquake is theContinue reading “Differentiate between primary and secondary earthquake waves. Also explain how earthquake wave help in study of interior of earth.”

In Brief: Data Localisation, NPCI, Retail Payment and RBI’s Authority

Headline : WhatsApp yet to comply with data localisation norms: RBI Details : The News Recently, the RBI has made the revelations that WhatsApp is not in compliance with RBI’s data localisation norms. This is the first time ever that the Reserve Bank has made any statement about WhatsApp’s payments business and compliance with data localizationContinue reading “In Brief: Data Localisation, NPCI, Retail Payment and RBI’s Authority”

What was hoped to be a ‘dead-letter’ of the Constitution has become one of the most controversial provisions. Discuss in the context of Article 356.

Approach: Briefly explain Article 356 and the grounds for its Explain why it was hoped to be a ‘dead-letter’. Discuss how it has become the most controversial provisions of the Answer: Article 356 of the Indian Constitution empowers the Centre to take over the State Government on certain grounds. Popularly known as the President’s ruleContinue reading “What was hoped to be a ‘dead-letter’ of the Constitution has become one of the most controversial provisions. Discuss in the context of Article 356.”

Climate Change and it’s impact on Wind Power

Headline : Climate change may hit India’s wind power Details : The News According to a new study, climate change could significantly affect wind power generation in India.   Effect of Climate Change on Wind Energy in India The study According to a study, wind energy production in India is vulnerable to climate change. The windContinue reading “Climate Change and it’s impact on Wind Power”

In Brief: Money Bill , Finance Bill , It’s comparison and Authority over Bills

Headline : Finance Bill, 2017 certified as Money Bill by Speaker, court can’t interfere: Centre to SC Details : News Summary A batch of petitions were filed in the Supreme Court challenging that the passing of Finance Act, 2017 as a Money Bill was a “colourable exercise of power and a fraud on the Constitution.” ArgumentsContinue reading “In Brief: Money Bill , Finance Bill , It’s comparison and Authority over Bills”