Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council.

Discuss the impediments India is facing in its pursuit of a permanent seat in UN Security Council.


  • Introduce with India’s fight for UNSC membership
  • Enumerate the various impediments to India’s pursuit
  • Conclude appropriately
Model Answer :

India has been actively pursuing the permanent membership of the UN Security Council (UNSC). It has pushed for text-based negotiations in the UN as a step to move forward the agenda of UNSC reform. However, it is facing several challenges in doing so.


  • Resistance from P-5 countries as these countries are reluctant to share the exclusive power with new entrants. Although four of the five permanent members support India’s membership, it is not certain that they would accord India same powers as they enjoy.
  • Absence of consensus on complex issues such as the size of the expansion in the permanent and non-permanent categories, regional distribution, the working methods of the Security Council, its relationship with the UNGA, and veto powers.
  • Opposition from other countries – Pakistan along with the Uniting for Consensus (UFC) countries (comprising countries like Pakistan, Italy, Mexico, Egypt etc) have been leading the opposition to India’s inclusion.
  • Global image of India – India is seen as a soft country, and P5 countries often question India’s inability to offer and sanction extreme measures.
  • India’s economic contribution- India’s economic contribution to Security Council budget is very minimal, which again discredits its claim to join council as a permanent group.


Adoption of a negotiating text for Security Council reforms and re-election of Justice Dalveer Bhandari as a judge at the International Court of Justice is reflective of the support India enjoys in the world body. If a permanent seat is not available at UNSC in the short term, there are other options India can explore. One proposal is for the creation of ‘semi-permanent’ seats, according to which members would be elected for six-eight years and would be eligible for immediate reelection. India’s claim to permanent membership will significantly improve if it quickly grows to be an economic power.

Subjects : Current Affairs