The multiple connectivity initiatives being taken up by India and Bangladesh are crucial for the development on North Eastern India as well as regional economic prosperity. Discuss.

The multiple connectivity initiatives being taken up by India and Bangladesh are crucial for the development on North Eastern India as well as regional economic prosperity. Discuss.

Approach

  • Introduce with how connectivity has improved the relationship between the two nations.
  • Mention few connectivity initiatives which have improved the overall relations and discuss how these initiatives have helped North Eastern India.
  • Conclude Appropriately.
Model Answer :

India’s relations with Bangladesh have certainly witnessed a significant upswing over the past decade, despite some persistent challenges. Regional connectivity has offered a game changing opportunity for India and Bangladesh to cement the ties. The connectivity initiatives will not only help connect rest of India with the north eastern region but also help in establishing India’s connectivity with ASEAN nations.

Some of the connectivity initiatives are:

  • Broadband connectivity of 10 gbps is being provided from Bangladesh’s Cox Bazar to Tripura and beyond, to help improve the speed and reliability of internet access in North Eastern India.
  • Bus Services on the Agartala – Dhaka – Kolkata route has reduced the distance between Agartala and Kolkata by around 700 kms. The resultant decline in the prices of goods and services can have a strong impact on consumer welfare and poverty reduction in Northeast India.
  • Cargo vessels have been occasionally plying through Bangladesh (Kolkata-Dhaka-Guwahati-Dibrugarh) under a protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade. For ex- Heavy machinery and equipment for the Numaligarh refinery and Subansiri hydroelectric project in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • For Northeast India, Bangladesh is potentially its most important economic partner, given the latter’s size and location.
  • India already exports 660 MW of power to Bangladesh from Tripura and Behrampur in Orissa. Bangladesh can be the power corridor for transmission of hydro energy from Arunachal Pradesh to the rest of India.
  • In the future energy trade could well link up with potential hydropower exports from Bhutan and Nepal to form a BBIN power market.

The connectivity initiative can spur India Bangladesh economic relationship as well as energize the economy of North East India and advance India’s Act East vision. Equal emphasis on physical and institutional connectivity between India and Bangladesh will facilitate the exploration of more opportunities through trade and investment.

Subjects : International Relations

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