The draft Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2014 is considered to be a step forward in ensuring rights of women. Do you agree? Enumerate the various merits it confers over the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971. 

The draft Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2014 is considered to be a step forward in ensuring rights of women. Do you agree? Enumerate the various merits it confers over the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971.  Approach Discuss how the medical termination bill 2014 is more aligned with needs of pregnant women. Explain theContinue reading “The draft Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2014 is considered to be a step forward in ensuring rights of women. Do you agree? Enumerate the various merits it confers over the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971. “

What were the differences between the extremists and moderates? Briefly describe how the extremists took the movement forward. (250 words)

What were the differences between the extremists and moderates? Briefly describe how the extremists took the movement forward.  (250 words) Approach: Introduce with mentioning about moderates and extremist. Write about the difference in the methods of their movement. Also mention about response of masses. Conclude accordingly. Model Answer : Moderates used soft means for freedomContinue reading “What were the differences between the extremists and moderates? Briefly describe how the extremists took the movement forward. (250 words)”

What do you understand by disaster? Enumerate various types of natural and man-made disasters?

What do you understand by disaster? Enumerate various types of natural and man-made disasters? Approach Define disaster as per NDMA. Mention both man-made and natural disasters, with examples Mention some national and international initiatives and conclude accordingly. Model Answer : According to NDMA Act 2005, “Disaster” means a catastrophe, or grave occurrence in any area, arisingContinue reading “What do you understand by disaster? Enumerate various types of natural and man-made disasters?”

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – FRA – aims to correct ‘historical injustice’, which is admirable. However, the Act adversely affects the country’s natural ecosystems and wild life. Discuss.

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – FRA – aims to correct ‘historical injustice’, which is admirable. However, the Act adversely affects the country’s natural ecosystems and wild life. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with why FRA was brought in in 2006 Discuss the FRA provisions meant to rectifyContinue reading “The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – FRA – aims to correct ‘historical injustice’, which is admirable. However, the Act adversely affects the country’s natural ecosystems and wild life. Discuss.”

 What is net neutrality? Discuss the merits and demerits of net neutrality in light of TRAI’s recent recommendations.

 What is net neutrality? Discuss the merits and demerits of net neutrality in light of TRAI’s recent recommendations. Approach Introduce with Net Neutrality Discuss why it is important Make arguments on why net neutrality is not needed Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Net neutrality is the principle that supports treatment of all data on theContinue reading ” What is net neutrality? Discuss the merits and demerits of net neutrality in light of TRAI’s recent recommendations.”

Despite being heavily dependent on agriculture for food and livelihood security, the state of this sector in eastern India remains poor. Discuss. Suggest steps to usher in sustainable agriculture revolution to this region.

Despite being heavily dependent on agriculture for food and livelihood security, the state of this sector in eastern India remains poor. Discuss. Suggest steps to usher in sustainable agriculture revolution to this region. Approach Introduce with agriculture in eastern India Discuss various aspects of agriculture that compare poorly to rest of India – including returns, yield,Continue reading “Despite being heavily dependent on agriculture for food and livelihood security, the state of this sector in eastern India remains poor. Discuss. Suggest steps to usher in sustainable agriculture revolution to this region.”

What are the key provisions of America’s new Afghanistan policy? Discuss its implications for India and Pakistan.

What are the key provisions of America’s new Afghanistan policy? Discuss its implications for India and Pakistan. Approach Start with the recent decision of US govt. about Afghanistan. Give provisions of US new Afghanistan policy. Then discuss its implications for India and Pak. Conclude appropriately Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Model Answer : Recently, U.S. President Donald TrumpContinue reading “What are the key provisions of America’s new Afghanistan policy? Discuss its implications for India and Pakistan.”

What are the causes which lead to the appointment of Simon Commission? Why it was opposed? What were the reactions of different sections of resistance movement?

What are the causes which lead to the appointment of Simon Commission? Why it was opposed? What were the reactions of different sections of resistance movement? Approach Provide brief Introduction Simon commission Causes for the appointment of Simon Commission and Reasons for its opposition Explain how different section reacted Conclude appropriately Model Answer : TheContinue reading “What are the causes which lead to the appointment of Simon Commission? Why it was opposed? What were the reactions of different sections of resistance movement?”

Quotes for Essays:

Quotes for Essays: 1) Gandhi: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/mahatma-gandhi-quotes-for-essays/ 2) Marx: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/karl-marx-quotes/ 3) Aristotle: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aristotle-quotes-for-essay/ 4) Buddha: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/indian-political-thoughts-buddha-quotes/ 5) Plato: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/plato-quotes-for-essay/ 6) Ambedkar: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/dr-babasaheb-ambedkar-quotes/ 7) Kautilya: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/kautilya-chanakya-quotes/ 8) Aurobindo Ghosh: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aurobindo-ghosh-quotes-for-essay/ 9) Socrates: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/western-political-thoughts-socrates-quotes/ 10) Machiaveli : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/%E2%80%8Bmachiavelli-father-of-realism-quotes/ 11) Hobbes: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/wesrer-political-thoughts-thomas-hobbes-quotes/ 12) Rousseau: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/rousseaus-quotes-father-of-french-revolution/ !3) John Locke: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/john-locke-quotes-man-who-influenced-american-constitution/ 14) J.S. Mill: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/j-s-mill-quotes-father-of-liberalism/ 15) Gramsci : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/gramsci-follower-of-marxism-quotes-for-essay-and-ethics/ 16) VivekanandaContinue reading “Quotes for Essays:”

What are the expectations behind the proposal to grant constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes? What could be the issues that may be faced in achieving the goals?

What are the expectations behind the proposal to grant constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes? What could be the issues that may be faced in achieving the goals? Approach Introduce with why a constitutional NCBC was created List expectation from new constitutional body Discuss issues that are to be addressed Conclude withContinue reading “What are the expectations behind the proposal to grant constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes? What could be the issues that may be faced in achieving the goals?”

Morley-Minto reforms were more progressive than previous reforms but also laid the foundation for communal division in India. Examine. (150 words)

Morley-Minto reforms were more progressive than previous reforms but also laid the foundation for communal division in India. Examine. (150 words) Approach: Introduce with mentioning background of Morley-Minto reform. Mention some of its progressive points. Mention about separate electorate reform. Analyse how this reform caused communal division Conclude accordingly. Model Answer : The Swadeshi movementContinue reading “Morley-Minto reforms were more progressive than previous reforms but also laid the foundation for communal division in India. Examine. (150 words)”

There’s been a paradigm shift in disaster management from a relief-centric approach to an integrated approach covering all four phases of disaster management. Discuss.

There’s been a paradigm shift in disaster management from a relief-centric approach to an integrated approach covering all four phases of disaster management. Discuss. Approach Introduce with the paradigm shift to an integrated approach to disaster management Discuss the four phases of the DM cycle Conclude accordingly Model Answer : India is vulnerable to numerous types of natural andContinue reading “There’s been a paradigm shift in disaster management from a relief-centric approach to an integrated approach covering all four phases of disaster management. Discuss.”

Let’s Start Now, Target 2019 vs Target 2020

Hello Guys, I hope everyone has taken enough rest, met with your loved one and done some analysis over the Prelims exams. Anyway, The Past is Past. Now It’s time to leave behind the love and study ruthlessly for next 10 months. Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Schedule for both the people who are going to crackContinue reading “Let’s Start Now, Target 2019 vs Target 2020”

Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch- bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. In this context, discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.

Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch- bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. In this context, discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase. Approach Introduce briefly with factors encouraging women’s participation Discuss the different role played by women citingContinue reading “Defying the barriers of age, gender and religion, the Indian women became the torch- bearer during the struggle for freedom in India. In this context, discuss the role of women in the freedom struggle especially during the Gandhian phase.”

Examine the merits and demerits of the first-past-the-post election system? Do you think Proportional Representation system can be an alternative for India’s plurality electoral system? Substantiate your answer with relevant arguments.

Examine the merits and demerits of the first-past-the-post election system? Do you think Proportional Representation system can be an alternative for India’s plurality electoral system? Substantiate your answer with relevant arguments. Approach Introduce with FPTP and why it was adopted Discuss merits and demerits of FPTP Discuss proportional system and its drawbacks Conclude appropriately ModelContinue reading “Examine the merits and demerits of the first-past-the-post election system? Do you think Proportional Representation system can be an alternative for India’s plurality electoral system? Substantiate your answer with relevant arguments.”

The unique nature of India-Nepal relationship has recently been strained by the Madhesi uprising episode in Nepal. Explain. (150 words)

The unique nature of India-Nepal relationship has recently been strained by the Madhesi uprising episode in Nepal. Explain. (150 words) Approach Introduce with the unique nature of India-Nepal relations. Explain Madhesi uprising and its impact on relations. As way forward, suggest measures to mend the ties with Nepal. Model Answer : As close neighbours, India andContinue reading “The unique nature of India-Nepal relationship has recently been strained by the Madhesi uprising episode in Nepal. Explain. (150 words)”

The conditions and the nature of The Non-Cooperation Movement were different from the Civil Disobedience Movement. Critically examine.

The conditions and the nature of The Non-Cooperation Movement were different from the Civil Disobedience Movement. Critically examine. Approach Give a brief introduction about the non-cooperation and civil disobedience movements. Give an account of conditions present at the time of both movements. Explain how the nature of both movements differs. Conclude with a stand basedContinue reading “The conditions and the nature of The Non-Cooperation Movement were different from the Civil Disobedience Movement. Critically examine.”

What were the problems of divided Germany? Discuss the role of Bismarck’s “policy of blood and iron” in Germany’s unification.

What were the problems of divided Germany? Discuss the role of Bismarck’s “policy of blood and iron” in Germany’s unification. Approach Start with a brief introduction about divided Germany Enumerate the problems of divided Germany. Then, discuss the role of Bismarck’s policy in Germany’s unification. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : In the 18th century, GermanyContinue reading “What were the problems of divided Germany? Discuss the role of Bismarck’s “policy of blood and iron” in Germany’s unification.”

Discuss the positive and negative outcomes of the Non Cooperation Movement? (250 words)

Discuss the positive and negative outcomes of the Non Cooperation Movement? (250 words) Approach: Introduce with the Non Cooperation Movement and reasons for it Analyse its positive and negative outcomes Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The Non Cooperation Movement was the first nationwide mass movement, approved by the Indian National Congress at the Nagpur Session inContinue reading “Discuss the positive and negative outcomes of the Non Cooperation Movement? (250 words)”

While foreign affairs are in the exclusive domain of the Union government, the states have an important role in cultivating relationships internationally and promoting trade ties. Discuss. Do you think the recent mechanism of States Division in the MEA can help the states play a more constructive role in foreign affairs.

While foreign affairs are in the exclusive domain of the Union government, the states have an important role in cultivating relationships internationally and promoting trade ties. Discuss. Do you think the recent mechanism of States Division in the MEA can help the states play a more constructive role in foreign affairs. Approach Introduce with foreignContinue reading “While foreign affairs are in the exclusive domain of the Union government, the states have an important role in cultivating relationships internationally and promoting trade ties. Discuss. Do you think the recent mechanism of States Division in the MEA can help the states play a more constructive role in foreign affairs.”

Constitutional mechanism to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.

Constitutional mechanism to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss. Approach: In the introduction, mention the constitutional provision along with few examples of inter-state water disputes. Discuss various issues with the mechanism : Structural and process inadequacyContinue reading “Constitutional mechanism to resolve the inter-state water disputes have failed to address and solve the problems. Is the failure due to structural or process inadequacy or both? Discuss.”

‘Lone Wolf’ terror attacks have recently been on the rise across the world, especially in Europe. What do you understand by ‘Lone Wolf’ attacks? What threat do they pose to the internal security of India? Suggest strategies to curb this threat.

‘Lone Wolf’ terror attacks have recently been on the rise across the world, especially in Europe. What do you understand by ‘Lone Wolf’ attacks? What threat do they pose to the internal security of India? Suggest strategies to curb this threat. Approach Introduce with meaning of lone wolf attacks Discuss the threat they pose toContinue reading “‘Lone Wolf’ terror attacks have recently been on the rise across the world, especially in Europe. What do you understand by ‘Lone Wolf’ attacks? What threat do they pose to the internal security of India? Suggest strategies to curb this threat.”

What is the importance of judicial review in the Indian democracy? Enumerate the key provisions in the constitution with respect to judicial review in India.

What is the importance of judicial review in the Indian democracy? Enumerate the key provisions in the constitution with respect to judicial review in India. Approach Introduce the meaning of judicial review Discuss the importance of judicial review Explain key provisions of the constitution with respect to judicial review in India Conclude appropriately Model AnswerContinue reading “What is the importance of judicial review in the Indian democracy? Enumerate the key provisions in the constitution with respect to judicial review in India.”

Keoladeo National Park

The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference. Currently, two wetlands of India are in Montreux record- Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan and Loktak Lake,Continue reading “Keoladeo National Park”

Describe the different steps towards the unification of Italy after revolution of 1848.

Describe the different steps towards the unification of Italy after revolution of 1848. Approach Start with the condition of Italy before 1848. Then discuss major stages in unification after 1848. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : In early 19th century, Italy was divided into a number of states. The major states were Sardinia, Lombardy, Venetia, and KingdomContinue reading “Describe the different steps towards the unification of Italy after revolution of 1848.”

Analyse the argument that Swadeshi Movement was an expression of extremist politics. What were the reasons for decline of the movement? (250 words)

Analyse the argument that Swadeshi Movement was an expression of extremist politics. What were the reasons for decline of the movement? (250 words) Approach: Introduce with the partition and the swadeshi movement Discuss how the new methods used were an expression of extremist politics Give reasons for decline of the movement Conclude appropriately Model AnswerContinue reading “Analyse the argument that Swadeshi Movement was an expression of extremist politics. What were the reasons for decline of the movement? (250 words)”

FEATURES OF ADMINISTRATIVE WORK CULTURE

FEATURES OF ADMINISTRATIVE WORK CULTURE The basic features of an administrative work culture are: 1. Level of discretion, the extent to which an individual is given independence and autonomy in interpreting and implementing LRR. 2. People orientation, the extent to which larger public interest is taken into consideration in a decision. 3. Outcome orientation, theContinue reading “FEATURES OF ADMINISTRATIVE WORK CULTURE”

What do you understand by “basic structure” doctrine? Explain the evolution of this doctrine in India.

What do you understand by “basic structure” doctrine? Explain the evolution of this doctrine in India. Approach: • Explain about basic structure. • Write about evolution of it, with concerned SC verdicts • Conclude accordingly. Model Answer : The word “Basic Structure” is neither mentioned in constitution nor it is defined by SC. The SupremeContinue reading “What do you understand by “basic structure” doctrine? Explain the evolution of this doctrine in India.”

Important Terms – Current Affairs

Mallakhamb It is a traditional Indian sport in which a gymnast performs feats and poses in concert with a vertical wooden pole or rope. Mallakhamb originated in Maharastra, India, during the 12th century, as a form of training for wrestlers. Mallakhamba derives from the terms malla which denotes a wrestler and khamba which means aContinue reading “Important Terms – Current Affairs”

Rivers and their tributaries:-

Rivers and their tributaries:- 1)Tributaries of Ganga: 1. Gomti 2. Ghaghra 3. Gandak 4. Kosi 5. Yamuna 6. Son 7. Hoogly 2)Tributaries of Yamuna: 1. Chambal 2. Sindh 3. Betwa 4. Ken 5. Tons 6. Hindon 3)Tributaries of Godavari: 1. Indravati 2. Manjira 3. Bindusara 4. Sarbari 5. Penganga 6.Pranahita 4)Tributaries of Krishna: 1. TungabhadraContinue reading “Rivers and their tributaries:-“

SciTech – Current Affairs

Bubble boy syndrome # It is also called severe combined immunodeficiency, it is a rare genetic disorder that results in a defective immune system in baby boys. How is it caused? It results from a genetic defect in the X-Chromosome and therefore called X-linked SCID The defective X-chromosome lacks in the gene that forms theContinue reading “SciTech – Current Affairs”

National Mineral Policy 2019

National Mineral Policy 2019 National Mineral Policy 2019 replaces the extant National Mineral Policy 2008. Objective : The aim of the policy is to have a more effective, meaningful and implementable policy that brings in further transparency, better regulation and enforcement, balanced social and economic growth as well as sustainable mining practices. Benefits: Bringing aboutContinue reading “National Mineral Policy 2019”

Brick by Brick Upsc 2020 Preparation: What to refer?

Must Read, Nothing Required. 0. Syllabus+ Past Papers 1. Polity- Laxmikant, 11th NCERT 2. Geography – 11th or 12th NCERT + World ATLAS 3. History- TN NCERT/ OLD NCERT/ THEMES + Spectrum 4. Art and Culture- 11th- Introduction to Arts 5. Environment – Shankar IAS 6. Economy – Sanjiv Verma + Reddy Sir Notes +Continue reading “Brick by Brick Upsc 2020 Preparation: What to refer?”

Geography Concepts

Doldrums:- At sea, ITCZ area is called doldrums because sailors in olden days used to get becalmed here. It’s the region of weak winds (small pressure gradients), High Humidity and High Temperatures occuring heat near equator. Horse Latitude:- In olden days, Zones at about 30 N/S Degree were known as Horse latitude. When ships wereContinue reading “Geography Concepts”

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) is the cold war treaty signed between US and Russia in 1987. The INF treaty prohibits US and Russia from possessing, producing or test-flying ground-launched cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 Km. The cold war era treaty also covers all land-based Missiles, including those carrying nuclear warheads. However, itContinue reading “Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)”

 Analyse various types of constitutional amendments, with suitable examples. (150 words)

 Analyse various types of constitutional amendments, with suitable examples. (150 words) Approach Write about constitutional amendment and related provisions Write about types and minimum majority etc. needed Conclude accordingly Model Answer : Like any other written constitution, the Indian constitution also provides for its amendment in order to adjust itself to changing environment. The procedureContinue reading ” Analyse various types of constitutional amendments, with suitable examples. (150 words)”

The use of Article 356 of the Constitution of India has been a subject of continuous debate. Point out the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the Bommai Case pertaining to the imposition of the Article 356.

The use of Article 356 of the Constitution of India has been a subject of continuous debate. Point out the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the Bommai Case pertaining to the imposition of the Article 356. Approach Introduce with the intent behind A356 and misuse of this provision. Discuss theContinue reading “The use of Article 356 of the Constitution of India has been a subject of continuous debate. Point out the propositions laid down by the Supreme Court of India in the Bommai Case pertaining to the imposition of the Article 356.”

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – FRA – aims to correct ‘historical injustice’, which is admirable. However, the Act adversely affects the country’s natural ecosystems and wild life. Discuss.

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – FRA – aims to correct ‘historical injustice’, which is admirable. However, the Act adversely affects the country’s natural ecosystems and wild life. Discuss. Approach: Introduce with why FRA was brought in in 2006 Discuss the FRA provisions meant to rectifyContinue reading “The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 – FRA – aims to correct ‘historical injustice’, which is admirable. However, the Act adversely affects the country’s natural ecosystems and wild life. Discuss.”

The Four Noble Truth contains the essence of Buddha’s teachings. Explain.

The Four Noble Truth contains the essence of Buddha’s teachings. Explain. Approach: Introduce with Buddha and his path to liberation. Explain the four truths one by one. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Buddhist teachings aim to remove dukkha i.e suffering, by steering middle course between extreme self-denial and material pleasures. After his enlightenment, Buddha gaveContinue reading “The Four Noble Truth contains the essence of Buddha’s teachings. Explain.”