What are the key issues associated with India-Bangladesh border? Discuss the steps taken by government of India to address those issues.

What are the key issues associated with India-Bangladesh border? Discuss the steps taken by government of India to address those issues.


  • Briefly introduce with India-Bangladesh border.
  • Explain the issues with India-Bangladesh border.
  • Then discuss steps taken by Government to address the issues.
  • Conclude appropriately.
Model Answer :

The India-Bangladesh border is India’s longest international border measuring 4,096.7 km passing through West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. The entire border consists of varied geographical features like plains, hills, riverine stretches, and forests with hardly any natural obstacles.

Various issues associated with India-Bangladesh border:

  • Illegal movement of people from Bangladesh into India, especially in Assam, West Bengal and Tripura is a perennial problem. There are around two crore illegal migrants staying in India.
  • The porous nature of the border have also made it easy for Indian Insurgent Groups (IIGs) to cross over into Bangladesh, where they have set up safe houses and training camps.
  • Activities including smuggling of arms, human and narcotics trafficking, counterfeiting Indian currency etc. are also quite rampant.
  • The border also faces the unique problem of smuggling of cattle, readymade garments and food grains.

The Indian Government has taken following measures to address these issues:

  • Security Measures: Border Security Force operational responsibility of International Border with Bangladesh. Effective domination of the border is carried out round the clock surveillance of the borders by patrolling and by deploying observation posts all along the International Border.
  • Construction of fencing and floodlighting as well as patrol roads is being done all along the border.
  • Up-gradation of intelligence network and co-ordination with sister agencies. Conduct of special operations along with border.
  • Bilateral Mechanism: A three-tier bilateral institutional mechanism was set up between India and Bangladesh in 1994 to resolve security and border management issues. In July, 2011, a Co-ordinated Border Management Plan (CBMP) was signed between the two countries for proper management of International border.
  • Border Area Development Programme (BADP): Various developmental works in the border areas have been undertaken by the MHA under the BADP as part of a comprehensive approach to the border management.

The Ministry of Home Affairs is exploring the deployment of a Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) through integration of Radars, sensors, cameras, communication networks and command and control solutions. Effective border management and maintenance of peace and tranquillity along the border is only possible through involvement of the local people as well as cooperation with the neighbour.

Subjects : Security Issues