Saint Kabir was a major driving force behind the Bhakti Movement. Throw light upon the teachings and philosophy of Saint Kabir.
- Introduce the life of Saint Kabir
- Discuss his teachings and philosophy
- Conclude appropriately
Saint Kabirdas was a major driving force behind the Bhakti movement in the fifteenth century. Majority of his teachings can be found in his composition Bijak. He was very vocal about the unnecessary rituals, ceremonies, etc. prevalent in the society and preached the path of love and devotion to the God.
The teachings and philosophy of Saint Kabir can be summarised as follows:
- He believed in the existence of only one God and the only way to get close to one’s God was to follow the path of Bhakti, i.e., complete devotion.
- Differences between religions were manmade to him and he believed that all the religions will lead to the same God. A person must purify his soul through love and praise the God through kirtans, i.e. devotional songs in order to attain proximity to the God.
- He taught to overcome the religious differences and promoted brotherhood, especially between Hindus and Muslims.
- Denunciation of materialness and worldliness was central to devotion towards God. Once a person is far from the lifestyle of sense pleasure, then only his soul will unite with the God
- He was against rituals like idol worshipping, pilgrimage, namaz or becoming a hermit to find God. He said that a normal householder can also find God if he leads a simple and devotional life.
- Social evils like caste system and supremacy of Brahmins was also attacked by Saint Kabir. He preached that all human beings are created equal, hence no one is above another fellow human being.
The teachings of Kabir earned him the respect from all sections of the society. Hindus and Muslims equally revered him. Kabir became a symbol of unity, devotion and reason and his simple but brilliantly lyrical and symbolic ‘dohas’ (couplets) are famous even today.
Subjects : History and Culture