Khadi was launched as a political weapon of nationalism during the freedom struggle. However, relevance of Khadi is not lost even in post-independent India. Discuss. 

Khadi was launched as a political weapon of nationalism during the freedom struggle. However, relevance of Khadi is not lost even in post-independent India. Discuss. 

Approach

  • Introduce with Khadi as a symbol of nationalism
  • Highlight the relevance of Khadi today
  • Briefly discuss the measures being taken to support this sector
  • Conclude appropriately
Model Answer :

In 1920, the INC and Gandhi ji launched Khadi as a political weapon of nationalism in the fight against imperialism and as the best instrument for giving concrete expression to the Swadeshi Spirit. Khadi was the material embodiment of an ideal that represented freedom from colonialism on the one hand and a feeling of self-reliance and economic self-sufficiency on the other. Khadi rendered an opportunity to every man, woman and child to cultivate self-discipline and self-sacrifice as a part of the non-cooperation movement.

However, even in post-independent India, khadi has not lost its relevance.

Relevance of Khadi today:

  • Khadi and Village industries have been the back bone of rural economy.
  • Khadi remains the source of livelihood for lakhs of rural artisans who include spinners, weavers and other artisans spread across the country.
  • During 2015-16, Khadi Sector registered production of Rs. 1065 crore and Sales of Rs. 1510 crore, and khadi activity provided employment to 11 lakh persons.
  • Khadi activity is predominantly women based and a large percentage of khadi artisans are women.
  • Khadi has become fashion statement today because it is unique in terms of comfort.
  • Khadi is natural, hand crafted, ecofriendly, bio-degradable and nonexploitative, while synthetic textile industry is one of the largest greenhouse gas emitters.

Understanding the significance of this industry, the Government of India has formulated various developmental schemes for implementation through Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), including Market Development Assistance (MDA), Interest Subsidy Eligibility Certificate (ISEC) scheme, Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) and Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI) throughout the country.

To further boost this sector, steps can be taken to ensure insurance to weavers, include them in reliable network of health services, enhance educational capacity and to get their efforts a global recognition.

Subjects : Yojna summary

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