Must Need UPSC Courses

MONTH END OFFER | PRICES REDUCED|ONLY FOR TODAY :- ——————————————————————- 1) Vision IAS Foundation Course Videos: https://tinyurl.com/y2agqy95 2) Ethics Lukmaan Videos: https://tinyurl.com/yy2gn2eb 3) Shubhra Ranjan PSIR Videos : https://tinyurl.com/y3lgzhj7 4) Shubhra Ranjan GS2: https://tinyurl.com/y5wqls8d 5) MK Yadav QEP-GS3: https://tinyurl.com/y4fdrlky 6) Vajiram Comprehensive Crash Course Videos: https://tinyurl.com/y3fhpzmy 7) Vajiram Test Series Videos: https://tinyurl.com/y65js5v7 ———————————————————————————— Combo Courses:Continue reading “Must Need UPSC Courses”

What are the major problems of agricultural marketing in India? (10 marks)

Approach: Briefly introduce with the agricultural marketing Point out the major problems of agricultural marketing in India like lack of pan India markets, APMCs, Infrastructure etc. Conclude with way forward. Model Answer : Agricultural Marketing is the way by which the farmers dispose of their surplus production in return of fair and reasonable price. ActivitiesContinue reading “What are the major problems of agricultural marketing in India? (10 marks)”

Deceleration in economy: Cyclical downswing, not a deep structural slowdown, says RBI

Headline : Deceleration in economy: Cyclical downswing, not a deep structural slowdown, says RBI Details : In News The Reserve Bank of India has released its annual report for the year 2018-19. The report confirms that several sectors are undergoing a deceleration in the economy. However, it states that the deceleration could turn into cyclical downturnContinue reading “Deceleration in economy: Cyclical downswing, not a deep structural slowdown, says RBI”

A road map to transforming India’s energy Editorial 30th Aug’19 HindustanTimes

Headline : A road map to transforming India’s energy Editorial 30th Aug’19 HindustanTimes Details : India progressing: Forty years ago, India barely had a car manufacturer, was way behind in the space race, and had an insignificant IT sector. Today, India is the world’s fourth largest car manufacturer, and is set to become only the fourth countryContinue reading “A road map to transforming India’s energy Editorial 30th Aug’19 HindustanTimes”

Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples. (15 marks)

Approach: Introduce by defining thunderstrorms Explain the origin via the formation of cumulonimbus clouds Describe the 3 stage cycle of thunderstorm Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Thunderstorms are local storms characterised by swift upward movement of air and heavy rainfall with cloud thunder and lightning. These are associated with the cumulonimbus  clouds. Atmospheric instability, updraftContinue reading “Describe the origin and development of thunderstorms with examples. (15 marks)”

India’s water crisis: All stakeholders must come together Editorial 29th Aug’19 HindustanTimes

Headline : India’s water crisis: All stakeholders must come together Editorial 29th Aug’19 HindustanTimes Details : Water stress in India: India is home to 17% of world’s population, but has only 4% of the world’s fresh water resources. At present, 75% of Indian households do not have access to drinking water, and close to 90% of ruralContinue reading “India’s water crisis: All stakeholders must come together Editorial 29th Aug’19 HindustanTimes”

Explain the economic critique offered by the early Nationalists to challenge British imperialism and its impact. (15 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with British justification of colonisation and how early nationalists wanted to bust it Explain various economics arguments given by early leaders like drain of wealth, against military expenditure etc. Discuss its impact in the short term and long term Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The British provided a moral argument for India’sContinue reading “Explain the economic critique offered by the early Nationalists to challenge British imperialism and its impact. (15 marks)”

PMAY (U) is beneficial both welfare-wise and economically, but its implementation has been slow so far for various reasons. Discuss, along with strategies for the effective implementation of the scheme.

PMAY (U) is beneficial both welfare-wise and economically, but its implementation has been slow so far for various reasons. Discuss, along with strategies for the effective implementation of the scheme. Approach: Introduce briefly mentioning the PMAY (U) scheme and its benefits Highlight the slowness of the progress and discuss causes briefly Suggest strategies for effectiveContinue reading “PMAY (U) is beneficial both welfare-wise and economically, but its implementation has been slow so far for various reasons. Discuss, along with strategies for the effective implementation of the scheme.”

Write a note on the factors that led to growth of early nationalism in India. (10 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with the lead up the the rise of nationalism in 19th century Mention various factors that lead to growth of nationalism in India like exploitation, role of press, nationalism etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Indian nationalism grew in the second half of the 19th century partly as a result of colonialContinue reading “Write a note on the factors that led to growth of early nationalism in India. (10 marks)”

Comment on the significance of Central Asia for India. (10 marks)

Comment on the significance of Central Asia for India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the civilisational links between C.Asia and India Explain the significance of Central Asia for India (categorize under subheadings like energy, connectivity etc.) Conclude with the need to promote the relationship and the recent Connect Central Asia Policy Model Answer : Relations between India andContinue reading “Comment on the significance of Central Asia for India. (10 marks)”

Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones. (10 marks)

Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones.  (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with cyclones Compare the origin of the cyclones – in terms of causes, location, mechanism etc. Compare the weather conditions associated Conclude appropriately Model Answer : A cyclone is a low pressure area in the atmosphere in whichContinue reading “Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones. (10 marks)”

Discuss the successes and failures of Green Revolution. (10 marks)

Discuss the successes and failures of Green Revolution. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the green revolution Enumerate the success achieved by the green revolution like self-sufficiency, productivity etc. Point out the failures of Green revolution like inequalities, degradation of environment etc. Conclude with the way forward Model Answer : The Green Revolution(GR) is known asContinue reading “Discuss the successes and failures of Green Revolution. (10 marks)”

International Relation: Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress : India and France and equation with P-5

Headline : Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : For long, India did not reciprocate France’s efforts for greater relationship: For nearly four decades, from 1980s, successive French presidents made repeated efforts to elevate the engagement with India to a higher level. While France was eager for greater relationship with India, India was distractedContinue reading “International Relation: Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress : India and France and equation with P-5”

“The Food Processing Sector, often termed as a Sunrise Sector, has great potential to contribute to Indian economy, including in growth, employment generation and investment”. Explain. (15 marks)

  Approach: Introduce the Food Processing Sector as a Sunrise sector Highlight its potential to contribute in growth, employment generation and investment in Indian economy Mention some government steps to promote the Food Processing Sector. Conclude appropriately Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Model Answer : Food processing industry in India is a sunrise sector that has gained prominence inContinue reading ““The Food Processing Sector, often termed as a Sunrise Sector, has great potential to contribute to Indian economy, including in growth, employment generation and investment”. Explain. (15 marks)”

August’19 -Week3 -QA and CA

1) FATF group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/24/fatf-group-blacklists-pakistan/ 2) Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks) https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/23/is-the-high-courts-power-to-issue-writs-wider-than-that-of-the-supreme-court-of-india-examine-10-marks-2/ Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS 3) Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status? https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/23/can-pakistan-get-the-icj-to-undo-indias-decision-on-jks-special-status/ 4) What is Financial Inclusion? Why are the recently introducedContinue reading “August’19 -Week3 -QA and CA”

FATF group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan

Headline : FATF group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan Details :In News: In a huge victory for India, the Asia-Pacific Group on Money Laundering and Terror Financing (APG) has put Pakistan in the Enhanced Expedited Follow Up List (Blacklist) for its failure to meet its standards. The APG is one of nine regional affiliates of the FATF. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIRContinue reading “FATF group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan”

Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks)

Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the power of courts to issue writs under Article 32 and 226 Compare the writ jurisdictions of SC and HCs – wider jurisdiction of HC in some aspects and SC writ jurisdictionContinue reading “Is the High Court’s power to issue writs wider than that of the Supreme Court of India? Examine. (10 marks)”

Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status?

Headline : Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status? Details : In News: Pakistan has decided to approach the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over the recent revocation of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status by India. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIR Theme of the topic: The topic analysis the ICJ’s Jurisdiction over the Jammu and KashmirContinue reading “Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status?”

What is Financial Inclusion? Why are the recently introduced Payments Banks being seen as a significant step towards financial inclusion? Explain. (10 marks)

What is Financial Inclusion? Why are the recently introduced Payments Banks being seen as a significant step towards financial inclusion? Explain. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the meaning of Financial inclusion and talk briefly of its importance Describe briefly what Payment Banks are Explain how payments banks enable financial inclusion Conclude appropriately Model Answer :Continue reading “What is Financial Inclusion? Why are the recently introduced Payments Banks being seen as a significant step towards financial inclusion? Explain. (10 marks)”

Headline : Explained: Sikkim, from Chogyal rule to Indian state

Headline : Explained: Sikkim, from Chogyal rule to Indian state Details : In News: Recently, Sikkim’s longest serving Chief Minister, Pawan Chamling, became the sole elected Opposition representative in the Assembly after the remaining 12 Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) MLAs defected, with 10 joining the BJP and another two joining the ruling Sikkim Krantikari Morcha (SKM).Continue reading “Headline : Explained: Sikkim, from Chogyal rule to Indian state”

There has been some criticism of the government’s plan to invest in high speed railway (HSR). Discuss the demerits and merits of HSR.

There has been some criticism of the government’s plan to invest in high speed railway (HSR). Discuss the demerits and merits of HSR. Approach: Introduce with the HSR project that was launched Highlight the demerits Enumerate the merits Conclude appropriately Model Answer : In 2017, foundation stone was laid for the ambitious Rs 1 lakhContinue reading “There has been some criticism of the government’s plan to invest in high speed railway (HSR). Discuss the demerits and merits of HSR.”

National Policy on Biofuels – 2018 is a right step towards promoting biofuels in India. Enumerate the expected benefits of the promotion of usage of biofuels for the socio-economic development of India. (10 marks)

National Policy on Biofuels – 2018 is a right step towards promoting biofuels in India. Enumerate the expected benefits of the promotion of usage of biofuels for the socio-economic development of India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with Biofuels and how National Policy was brought in to help in this regard Enumerate the expected benefits like reduced importContinue reading “National Policy on Biofuels – 2018 is a right step towards promoting biofuels in India. Enumerate the expected benefits of the promotion of usage of biofuels for the socio-economic development of India. (10 marks)”

Explain the phenomenon of soil-liquefaction and its impact. (10 marks)

Approach: Introduce with what Soil- Liquefaction is Explain the phenomenon List out various types of impact due to liquefaction Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Soil- Liquefaction is  a phenomenon whereby a saturated or partially saturated soil substantially loses strength and stiffness in response to an applied stress, usually earthquake shaking or other sudden change inContinue reading “Explain the phenomenon of soil-liquefaction and its impact. (10 marks)”

Explained: Madhya Pradesh may get a second House. Why do some states have Vidhan Parishads?

Headline : Explained: Madhya Pradesh may get a second House. Why do some states have Vidhan Parishads? Details :The News The State government in Madhya Pradesh has moved to create a Legislative Council for the state. Bicameral System: India has a bicameral system of legislature at the Union level, with the Parliament having two Houses, LokContinue reading “Explained: Madhya Pradesh may get a second House. Why do some states have Vidhan Parishads?”

Enumerate the main objectives of the Indian National movement up to 1905. (10 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with the national movement leading to 1905 Enumerate the objectives of the movement under various headers like military, administrative etc. Conclude with how the moderate failed and it led to extremists gaining prominence in 1905 Model Answer : The Indian national movement up to 1905 was primarily led by the moderate leadersContinue reading “Enumerate the main objectives of the Indian National movement up to 1905. (10 marks)”

Appointment of CDS will fill a void in India’s defence system Editorial 16th Aug’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Appointment of CDS will fill a void in India’s defence system Editorial 16th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : PM announcing the creation of CDS: One of the most significant announcements made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Independence Day in 2019 is the creation of a Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). The CDS is expectedContinue reading “Appointment of CDS will fill a void in India’s defence system Editorial 16th Aug’19 IndianExpress”

Discuss the principal organs of the United Nations. (15 marks)

Discuss the principal organs of the United Nations. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with formation and role of the United Nations Discuss one by one the six principal organs of the United Nations like UNGA, UNSC Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organisation tasked to promote and secure international co-operationContinue reading “Discuss the principal organs of the United Nations. (15 marks)”

What is the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation? Explain its significance for India. (10 marks)

What is the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation? Explain its significance for India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the SCO and recent membership of India. Point out salient features of SCO Discuss the significance for India Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is an intergovernmental organisation founded in 2001 by China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,Continue reading “What is the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation? Explain its significance for India. (10 marks)”

Emotional quotient (EQ) measures Emotional intelligence (EI) in a person. How can you improve EQ in a person? (10 marks)

Emotional quotient (EQ) measures Emotional intelligence (EI) in a person. How can you improve EQ in a person? (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with EI and EQ Briefly comment on the importance of good EQ Explain how EQ can be improved at individual and organizational levels Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Emotional intelligence (EI), measured by EmotionalContinue reading “Emotional quotient (EQ) measures Emotional intelligence (EI) in a person. How can you improve EQ in a person? (10 marks)”

What were the reasons for the introduction of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2003? What were the shortcomings in the Act that undermined its effectiveness? (10 marks)

  Approach: Briefly discuss FRBM in the introduction Explain the need of FRBM act Discuss the various shortcomings in the Act that made it less effective Conclude with suggestions of N.K. Singh Committee Model Answer : The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003 (FRBM) was an Act of the Parliament of India to institutionalize financial discipline,Continue reading “What were the reasons for the introduction of Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2003? What were the shortcomings in the Act that undermined its effectiveness? (10 marks)”

Even as more than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, Indian farm exports are declining every year due to various reasons. Comment. Suggest measures for India to take advantage of its wide climate and soil variations to better position itself for increased exports.

Even as more than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, Indian farm exports are declining every year due to various reasons. Comment. Suggest measures for India to take advantage of its wide climate and soil variations to better position itself for increased exports. Approach Introduce with agriculture in India and decline in agricultureContinue reading “Even as more than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture, Indian farm exports are declining every year due to various reasons. Comment. Suggest measures for India to take advantage of its wide climate and soil variations to better position itself for increased exports.”

List out the merits and demerits fixed dose combinations (FDCs). (10 marks)

List out the merits and demerits fixed dose combinations (FDCs). (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with what FDCs are Enumerate their merits Enumerate their demerits Conclude with the recent sub-committee of DTAB’s recommendation to again ban FDCs Model Answer : Fixed dose combination (FDC) drugs are combinations of two or more active drugs in a single dosageContinue reading “List out the merits and demerits fixed dose combinations (FDCs). (10 marks)”

Mapping: North-East India

Mapping: North-East India Details : Northeast India Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country. It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS http://www.upscexpress.com Hills of North-Eastern India Eastern Himalayas areContinue reading “Mapping: North-East India”

Technology: Indian space industry, SSLV, NSIL, Antrix, Indian space industry, Commercial Space Industry, ISRO and Private Sector

Headline : ISRO’s new commercial arm gets first booking for launch Details : In News NEWSPACE INDIA Limited (NSIL), the newly created second commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation, recently got its first contract. A private US space services provider, Spaceflight, has booked ISRO’s Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV), which is yet to beContinue reading “Technology: Indian space industry, SSLV, NSIL, Antrix, Indian space industry, Commercial Space Industry, ISRO and Private Sector”

People’s Plan Campaign, also known as Sabki Yojana Sabka Vikas

Headline : Coming, digital push to Gram Panchayats Details : In News: The Union government has decided to start People’s Plan Campaign, also known as Sabki Yojana Sabka Vikas in September, after consultations with the representatives of 16 key ministries. Earlier, from October to December, 2018, the government conducted a similar exercise in 2.48 lakh Gram Panchayats (GPs) across theContinue reading “People’s Plan Campaign, also known as Sabki Yojana Sabka Vikas”

Social Issues: Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative, Child Sex Ratio (CSR),

Headline : How a district in Rajasthan shot to the top of ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ chart Details : In News: Nagaur district of Rajasthan has become one of the country’s 10 best performing districts in the awareness generation and outreach activities category under the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme. Child Sex Ratio (CSR): Number ofContinue reading “Social Issues: Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative, Child Sex Ratio (CSR),”

What do you understand by “judicial review” in Indian context? Enumerate the key provisions in the constitution with respect to judicial review in India. (15 marks)

Approach Introduce with the meaning of judicial review Briefly note the grounds for judicial review Explain key provisions of the constitution with respect to judicial review in India. Conclude appropriately Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS                   www.upscexpress.com Model Answer : Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court and theContinue reading “What do you understand by “judicial review” in Indian context? Enumerate the key provisions in the constitution with respect to judicial review in India. (15 marks)”

Malaria: About National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME), National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme,

Headline : Malaria may get ‘dangerous’ tag, but there’s nothing to worry about Details : In News Malaria may soon be re-categorised as a ‘dangerous disease’ like tuberculosis, plague, small pox or leprosy in the capital. The re-categorisation is taking place not because the disease has acquired an epidemic proportion or a new dangerous strain hasContinue reading “Malaria: About National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME), National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme,”

Polity: Federalism- Debate, landmark cases, Types of Federalism, J&K and more

Headline : The forms of federalism in India Details : Why in News? The Union government has withdrawn the special status conferred on Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) under Article 370 of the Constitution. It has also divided the State into two regions and declared them as Union Territories. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIR The debate concerning with federalism: NationsContinue reading “Polity: Federalism- Debate, landmark cases, Types of Federalism, J&K and more”

Explain the differences in the nature of their struggle against colonialism between the extremists and the moderates. (10 marks)

Explain the differences in the nature of their struggle against colonialism between the extremists and the moderates. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with moderates and extremists Explain the difference in the nature of their struggle – like methods, ideological thought, following etc. Conclude with how both the groups played a crucial role Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS https://www.upscexpress.com Model Answer :Continue reading “Explain the differences in the nature of their struggle against colonialism between the extremists and the moderates. (10 marks)”

August 2019- Week 2: Q&A, Editorial Analysis

1) Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge Editorial 10th Aug’19 TheHindu https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/10/incisive-interventions-that-blunt-the-rtis-edge-editorial-10th-aug19-thehindu/ 2) While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks) https://upscexpress.com/2019/08/10/while-the-frequency-of-forest-fire-appears-to-have-increased-in-the-country-indias-approach-towards-forest-fire-management-has-significant-gaps-elucidate-10-marks-2/ 3) What is the significance of the UN Security Council? Discuss the need for reformsContinue reading “August 2019- Week 2: Q&A, Editorial Analysis”

Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge Editorial 10th Aug’19 TheHindu

Headline : Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge Editorial 10th Aug’19 TheHindu Details : Meaning of Democracy: Democracy has to percolate beyond the bare promises of formal political equality. Along with a system of popular sovereignty founded in universal adult franchise, it also assures a set of rights, among others, to a freedom of expression, lifeContinue reading “Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge Editorial 10th Aug’19 TheHindu”

Supreme Court upholds homebuyers’ rights as financial creditors under IBC

Headline : Supreme Court upholds homebuyers’ rights as financial creditors under IBC Details : Why in News: The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of an amendment to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) that treats homebuyers as financial creditors, thus giving homebuyers the right to take legal recourse against developers under three key laws. Background:Continue reading “Supreme Court upholds homebuyers’ rights as financial creditors under IBC”

While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with increased frequency of forest fires in India Bring out the various gaps in forest fire management (NIDM report identified the gaps) Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India, which saw a 46% increase in the number of forest fires in the last 16 years (2003-17), witnessed a 125% spike (from 15,937 toContinue reading “While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks)”

What is the significance of the UN Security Council? Discuss the need for reforms in the UNSC. (15 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with the UN Security Council being one of the principal organs of the United Nations Explain the significance of the UNSC – especially in terms of international peace Discuss the need for various reforms – representation, veto of P5 etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The United Nations Security Council  (UNSC), one of theContinue reading “What is the significance of the UN Security Council? Discuss the need for reforms in the UNSC. (15 marks)”

Economy: RBI has done its bit, now over to the government Editorial 9th Aug’19 HindustanTimes

Headline : RBI has done its bit, now over to the government Editorial 9th Aug’19 HindustanTimes Details : Rate cut by RBI: Inflation is within control. The economy is slowing down.  RBI has lowered its growth projections for the first half of the year sharply. The RBI’s projections indicate that it expects growth to improve in theContinue reading “Economy: RBI has done its bit, now over to the government Editorial 9th Aug’19 HindustanTimes”

Economy: Dividend Tax Distribution, Long Term Capital Gain Tax (LTCG), Surcharge on FPIs

Headline : Market participants seek rollback of surcharge on FPIs, lower LTCG tax Details : The News: In a meeting with Finance Minister, foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) and finance industry players presented a series of proposals to revive investment sentiment. Important Terminologies: About: Dividend Tax Distribution A dividend is a return given by a company toContinue reading “Economy: Dividend Tax Distribution, Long Term Capital Gain Tax (LTCG), Surcharge on FPIs”

China, Russia, France share satellite data on Assam floods,UN-SPIDER, International Charter Space and Major Disasters

Headline : China, Russia, France share satellite data on Assam floods Details : In News: The above-average rainfall has led to floods in Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, with Assam being the hardest hit. India has acquired satellite imagery related to floods from eight international space agencies, due to its membership of the International Charter Space andContinue reading “China, Russia, France share satellite data on Assam floods,UN-SPIDER, International Charter Space and Major Disasters”

About Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT), Navigable Inland Waterways, IWAI

Headline : India connects Bangladesh to Bhutan, through waterway Details : The News: In a first-ever development, Indian waterways is being used to transport cargo between 2 countries i.e. Bhutan and Bangladesh. The inland waterways vessel containing cargo from Bhutan to Bangladesh will move via River Brahmaputra ( NW 2) and the Indo Bangla Protocol RouteContinue reading “About Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT), Navigable Inland Waterways, IWAI”

Health: National Deworming Day, National Deworming  Initiative, Significance of Deworming Programme

Headline : Telangana government stalls deworming drive for children Details : The News: The deworming drive aimed at distribution of Albendazole tablets to around 6.68 lakh children in both some districts of Telangana as part of the National Deworming Programme (NDP) could not be held as per schedule. The drive has been put off after two batches of the anti-wormContinue reading “Health: National Deworming Day, National Deworming  Initiative, Significance of Deworming Programme”

IPCC Report: Climate Change and Land

Headline : Food supply is at dire risk: UN Details : In News IPCC has released a new report on Climate Change and Land. It is the second in the series of three special reports that the IPCC is preparing during the current Sixth Assessment Report cycle. This is the first IPCC report in which aContinue reading “IPCC Report: Climate Change and Land”

Enumerate the major factors behind accumulation of non-performing assets in the Indian banking sector in recent years. (15 marks)

Approach: Introduce with NPAs Explain various factors causing NPAs – for better presentation, categorize them under subheadings, say banking and non-banking factors Conclude with way forward like IBC implementation, PSB reforms, bond market etc. Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress Model Answer : A non performing asset (NPA) is a loan or advance for which the principal or interestContinue reading “Enumerate the major factors behind accumulation of non-performing assets in the Indian banking sector in recent years. (15 marks)”

Sovereign foreign borrowing

Headline : Sovereign foreign borrowing is a bold move Editorial 12th Jul’19 HindustanTimes Details : Sovereign Bonds: During the recent Budget, the Indian finance minister announced plan of the government of India to borrow in foreign currency to finance the fiscal deficit. The plan is to raise up to 10-15% of government borrowing — $10 billion —Continue reading “Sovereign foreign borrowing”

How will India contribute to LIGO?

Headline : How will India contribute to LIGO? Details : Context: LIGO India project is coming up in Maharashtra, near Aundha in Hingoli district. This article explain about the LIGO projects across the world, their significance and India’s part in the global LIGO project. Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Background In September 2015, LIGO’s US detectors made the firstContinue reading “How will India contribute to LIGO?”

RBI: Monetary Policy and Monetary Policy Committee, Important Terminology [Repo rate, MSF, LAF, Reverse repo rate ]

Headline : RBI takes offbeat tack to help reverse growth slowdown Details : The News: Telegram: https://t.me/MrunalsEconomy In its monetary policy review, the Monetary Policy Committee of the RBI has decided to cut the repo rate by 35 basis points (bps). In addition, the RBI also announced some measures to boost economic activity. Important Terminologies: RiskContinue reading “RBI: Monetary Policy and Monetary Policy Committee, Important Terminology [Repo rate, MSF, LAF, Reverse repo rate ]”

 Editorial 8th Aug’19 IndianExpress: Reduce corporate tax to achieve $5 trillion economy

Headline : Reduce corporate tax to achieve $5 trillion economy Editorial 8th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS The 2015 budget proposal of reducing Corporate Tax (CT): In the 2015 Budget speech, the union minister announced that India is considered as having a high Corporate Tax (CT) regime but the government does not get that tax dueContinue reading ” Editorial 8th Aug’19 IndianExpress: Reduce corporate tax to achieve $5 trillion economy”

What were the various land revenue settlements introduced by the Britishers in India and how did they impact Indian farmers? (15 marks)

What were the various land revenue settlements introduced by the Britishers in India and how did they impact Indian farmers? (15 marks) Approach: Briefly introduce the British land revenue policies and need for them Explain the various policies like permanent settlement, ryotwari system etc. and each of their impact on Indian agriculture Conclude appropriately ModelContinue reading “What were the various land revenue settlements introduced by the Britishers in India and how did they impact Indian farmers? (15 marks)”

J&K Statehood and 370 Article: Analysis

Headline : The state has its reasons Editorial 7th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Status of J&K stuck in ambiguity: For over seven decades, the status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir has been masked in ambiguity and deceit. Successive governments of both India and Pakistan had tried but failed to arrive at anContinue reading “J&K Statehood and 370 Article: Analysis”

Economy – MSME Sector :Problems,Demands, Significance, Schemes, Committees

Headline : MSME loans: Delay in disbursal of loans to MSMEs Details : In  News: The union finance minister held a meeting with MSME representatives to devise plans for this critical sector. The MSMEs representatives highlighted problems faced by the sector, and made certain demands for the revival of the sector. She also asked industry representatives to sendContinue reading “Economy – MSME Sector :Problems,Demands, Significance, Schemes, Committees”

River water disputes: Disputes Resolution Committee (DRC), Inter State Water Dispute Act, 1956

Headline : One tribunal for all river water disputes: why the proposal, how it will work Details : In News: The Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been passed by Lok Sabha. It seeks to streamline the adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers and river valleys. News Summary: The Bill clearedContinue reading “River water disputes: Disputes Resolution Committee (DRC), Inter State Water Dispute Act, 1956”

 Despite being in the position of a titular Head of the State, therole of President of India in Indian democracy has been more than just symbolic. Comment.

 Despite being in the position of a titular Head of the State, therole of President of India in Indian democracy has been more than just symbolic. Comment. Approach: Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress In the introduction, briefly talk about the Constitutional status of the President of India Analyze the institution of President for being symbolic/substantive Explain how overContinue reading ” Despite being in the position of a titular Head of the State, therole of President of India in Indian democracy has been more than just symbolic. Comment.”

India and Global Innovation Index

Headline : India rises in global innovation ranking Details : The News India has jumped five places to rank 52 in the Global Innovation Index 2019 (GII). The GII is a global benchmark that helps policy makers better understand how to stimulate and measure innovative activity, a main driver of economic and social development.   NewsContinue reading “India and Global Innovation Index”

India needs to be geared to a single-minded pursuit of growth Editorial 5th Aug’19 IndianExpress

Headline : India needs to be geared to a single-minded pursuit of growth Editorial 5th Aug’19 IndianExpress Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress Details : Path to $5 trillion economy: India needs to transition towards a $5 trillion economy, taking it from lower-middle income status to upper-middle income. The path of this transition can only be paved with reforms. Some of theContinue reading “India needs to be geared to a single-minded pursuit of growth Editorial 5th Aug’19 IndianExpress”

For Naya Kashmir Editorial 6th Aug’19 IndianExpress

Headline : For Naya Kashmir Editorial 6th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress Kashmiri leaders also sought progress: Naya Kashmir was a memorandum that Kashmiri leader Sheikh Abdullah submitted to the King of erstwhile Kashmir kingdom Maharaja Hari Singh in 1944. It outlined a plan to convert J&K from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional democracy,Continue reading “For Naya Kashmir Editorial 6th Aug’19 IndianExpress”

Jammu and Kashmir: Article 370, Article 35(A), Resolutions, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill and all other developments

Headline : J&K loses its special status, divided into two UTs Details : Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress The News: In a historic decision, the Indian government has changed the terms of engagement with Jammu and Kashmir by doing away with the special status enjoyed by the state under Article 370, scrapping Article 35A and splitting the state into two UTs of J&K and Ladakh.Continue reading “Jammu and Kashmir: Article 370, Article 35(A), Resolutions, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill and all other developments”

Describe the landforms which are products of endogenetic forces. (10 marks)

 Describe the landforms which are products of endogenetic forces. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with Endogenetic forces <Flow chart of various movements due to engogenetic forces would be useful under Diastrophism and Sudden Movement> List out various landforms created with a brief description of their formation Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Endogenetic forces are forces resultingContinue reading “Describe the landforms which are products of endogenetic forces. (10 marks)”

International Organisations and Reports: Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict.

Headline : India protests over UN chief’s report Details : In News: The United Nation has recently released its Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict. India is disappointed with the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres for including in the report situations in India that are neither armed conflicts nor a threat to international security.Continue reading “International Organisations and Reports: Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict.”

How far does the Supreme Court of India play a role as the guardian of the Constitution? (10 marks)

How far does the Supreme Court of India play a role as the guardian of the Constitution? (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the Supreme Court’s role in our Constitutional scheme Explain its role as the guardian of the Constitution Conclude with the need to avoid judicial activism and respect the separation of powers Model Answer :Continue reading “How far does the Supreme Court of India play a role as the guardian of the Constitution? (10 marks)”

Environment: Deep-sea mining, Poly metallic nodules, Central Indian Ocean Basin, Economic viability, Policy Challenges

Headline : Why is India pulled to deep-sea mining? Details : In News: India’s ambitious ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ (DOM), the Rs 8,000-crore plan to explore deep ocean minerals, is all set to be launched this year. Mining the deep ocean for polymetallic nodules: One of the main aims of the mission is to explore and extract polymetallic nodules. TheseContinue reading “Environment: Deep-sea mining, Poly metallic nodules, Central Indian Ocean Basin, Economic viability, Policy Challenges”

Economy: Sovereign Bonds, Borrowing, Policy, Rationale

Headline : The name is dollar bond Editorial 3nd Aug’19 IndianExpress Details :   Sovereign Bonds: During the recent Budget, the Indian finance minister announced plan of the government of India to borrow in foreign currency to finance the fiscal deficit. The plan is to raise up to 10-15% of government borrowing — $10 billion —Continue reading “Economy: Sovereign Bonds, Borrowing, Policy, Rationale”

Discuss the reasons for, and the impact of, the recent sovereign ratings upgrade of India by International credit agency Moody’s.

Discuss the reasons for, and the impact of, the recent sovereign ratings upgrade of India by International credit agency Moody’s. Approach: Introduce with the ratings upgrade Highlight the measures that influenced the upgrade Explain how sovereign rating upgrade helps India Conclude appropriately Model Answer : The global credit rating agency Moody’s Investors Services recently upgradedContinue reading “Discuss the reasons for, and the impact of, the recent sovereign ratings upgrade of India by International credit agency Moody’s.”

About Consular access, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR)

Headline : Consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav: What ICJ ordered; Pakistan has ‘offered’ to India Details : In News: Pakistan has offered India consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav, the India who’s been in jail in Pakistan since 2016. India is “evaluating” the Pakistani proposal which comes with some strict conditions. Background: Kulbhushan Jadhav is a former IndianContinue reading “About Consular access, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR)”

Quotes of Personalities for Essays:

Quotes of Personalities for Essays: 1) Gandhi: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/mahatma-gandhi-quotes-for-essays/ 2) Marx: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/karl-marx-quotes/ 3) Aristotle: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aristotle-quotes-for-essay/ 4) Buddha: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/indian-political-thoughts-buddha-quotes/ 5) Plato: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/plato-quotes-for-essay/ 6) Ambedkar: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/dr-babasaheb-ambedkar-quotes/ 7) Kautilya: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/kautilya-chanakya-quotes/ 8) Aurobindo Ghosh: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aurobindo-ghosh-quotes-for-essay/ 9) Socrates: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/western-political-thoughts-socrates-quotes/ 10) Machiaveli : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/%E2%80%8Bmachiavelli-father-of-realism-quotes/ 11) Hobbes: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/wesrer-political-thoughts-thomas-hobbes-quotes/ 12) Rousseau: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/rousseaus-quotes-father-of-french-revolution/ !3) John Locke: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/john-locke-quotes-man-who-influenced-american-constitution/ 14) J.S. Mill: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/j-s-mill-quotes-father-of-liberalism/ 15) Gramsci : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/gramsci-follower-of-marxism-quotes-for-essay-and-ethics/Continue reading “Quotes of Personalities for Essays:”

Productivity of Parliament

Headline : Lawmakers work overtime, Lok Sabha session set to be most productive in 20 years Details : In News: In this session of the Parliament, Lok Sabha has already passed 30 Bills, while Rajya Sabha has passes 25 Bills. In terms of legislative business transacted during the first session of a fresh Lok Sabha, theContinue reading “Productivity of Parliament”

Everything about About Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)

Headline : US ends Cold War nuke treaty with aim of countering China Details : In News: The USA has withdrawn from the landmark Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) signed in 1987. About INF Treaty The missile crisis of 1970s and 80s represented the high-point of cold war, with both USA (and its NATO allies) on one side andContinue reading “Everything about About Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)”

Urbanisation key to driving growth engines Editorial 3rd Aug’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Urbanisation key to driving growth engines Editorial 3rd Aug’19 FinancialExpress Details : Development and urbanisation: Development and urbanisation are two sides of the same coin. No society in recent history remained agrarian while adequately providing for its population. Urbanisation aggregates human activity—aggregation leads to specialisation, specialisation to increased productivity. This enables greater availability of goods,Continue reading “Urbanisation key to driving growth engines Editorial 3rd Aug’19 FinancialExpress”

Explain weathering and mass wasting. and describe their significance. (15 marks)

Explain weathering and mass wasting. and describe their significance. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with exogenic forces and how weather and mass wasting are types of them Explain weathering and briefly various types like chemical, physical and biological Explain mass wasting Describe their significance like soil formation, formation of natural resources etc. Conclude appropriately Model AnswerContinue reading “Explain weathering and mass wasting. and describe their significance. (15 marks)”

With reference to the theory of plate tectonics, explain the origin of fold mountains. (10 marks)

With reference to the theory of plate tectonics, explain the origin of fold mountains. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with brief explanation of plate tectonics theory and how it forms the basis for explaining formation of fold mountains Explain the origin of fold mountaints through plate convergence as per the plate tectonics theory – both continental-oceanicContinue reading “With reference to the theory of plate tectonics, explain the origin of fold mountains. (10 marks)”

Important Mains Questions [3rd August]

1) Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on farmers in India. https://upscexpress.com/2017/12/16/discuss-the-positive-and-negative-effects-of-globalization-on-farmers-in-india/ 2) What are the key issues associated with India-Bangladesh border? Discuss the steps taken by government of India to address those issues. https://upscexpress.com/2019/07/11/what-are-the-key-issues-associated-with-india-bangladesh-border-discuss-the-steps-taken-by-government-of-india-to-address-those-issues/ 3) Khadi was launched as a political weapon of nationalism during the freedom struggle. However, relevance of KhadiContinue reading “Important Mains Questions [3rd August]”

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

Headline : Mobile scheme to quit tobacco has over 2 million users in India Details : In News: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently released its 7th report on global tobacco epidemic. The report analyses national efforts to implement the most effective measures from the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC).   About:Continue reading “Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)”

The Constitution of India provides pardoning power to the executive. Explain the pardoning powers of the President, and discuss how the scope of the pardoning power of the President is wider than the pardoning power of the Governor?

The Constitution of India provides pardoning power to the executive. Explain the pardoning powers of the President, and discuss how the scope of the pardoning power of the President is wider than the pardoning power of the Governor? Approach Introduce with why pardoning powers are provided to the executives Highlight the Pardoning powers of the President under Article 72Continue reading “The Constitution of India provides pardoning power to the executive. Explain the pardoning powers of the President, and discuss how the scope of the pardoning power of the President is wider than the pardoning power of the Governor?”

Everything about Tiger, Tiger Census,Project Tiger, Tiger and Ecosystem

Headline : Tiger no. up 33% in 4 years, India has 75% of global population Details : In News The 4th Tiger census report, Status of Tigers Co-predators & Prey in India, 2018, has been recently released by PM Modi. According to the report, India has recorded its highest ever rise, at 33%, in the numbersContinue reading “Everything about Tiger, Tiger Census,Project Tiger, Tiger and Ecosystem”

Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul’19 TheHindu

Headline : Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul’19 TheHindu Details : Use of Cryptocurrencies  at this moment in a bit shady: Bitcoin, the most prominent among cryptocurrencies, has fluctuated wildly in value, even over short periods of time. As per some analysts, for now, “speculation remains Bitcoin’s primary use case”. Its use in illegal online marketplacesContinue reading “Ban or regulate? Editorial 29th Jul’19 TheHindu”

Significance of US Federal Reserves rate cut and its impact on India

Headline : Significance of US Federal Reserves rate cut and its impact on India Details : In News: The US Federal Reserve has recently announced a quarter-percentage-point cut in interest rates, the first rate cut by the US central bank in 11 years. About US Federal Reserves rate: The fed funds rate is critical in determiningContinue reading “Significance of US Federal Reserves rate cut and its impact on India”

 Explained: The new debate on defence funding

Headline : Explained: The new debate on defence funding Details : In News The Union Cabinet has amended the terms of reference (ToR) of the 15th Finance Commission (FC) to widen their scope. Through the change, the government has requested the FC to look into the possibility of a separate mechanism for the funding of defenceContinue reading ” Explained: The new debate on defence funding”

Constitutionalisation of Panchayati Raj paved the way for grass root empowerment in India. In this regard discuss the salient features of the 73rd amendment Act, 1992.

Constitutionalisation of Panchayati Raj paved the way for grass root empowerment in India. In this regard discuss the salient features of the 73rd amendment Act, 1992. Approach Introduce with how 73rd Amendment Act, 1992 was significant Discuss the salient features of this act Conclude Appropriately Model Answer : The 73rd amendment Act, 1992 has givenContinue reading “Constitutionalisation of Panchayati Raj paved the way for grass root empowerment in India. In this regard discuss the salient features of the 73rd amendment Act, 1992.”