Productivity of Parliament

Headline : Lawmakers work overtime, Lok Sabha session set to be most productive in 20 years

Details :

In News:

  • In this session of the Parliament, Lok Sabha has already passed 30 Bills, while Rajya Sabha has passes 25 Bills.
  • In terms of legislative business transacted during the first session of a fresh Lok Sabha, the government claims the current session is on course to be one of the most productive since the first Lok Sabha in 1952.
  • On the other hand, the Opposition has accused the government of rushing through bills.

Parliament Productivity

  • Productivity means the number of hours the House actually functioned compared to the number of hours officially earmarked for it to work.
  • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are scheduled to meet for six hours every day when in session.
  • Productivity goes beyond 100% when the houses meets for more than 6 hours in a day by working late.

Factors on which Productivity depends:

  • The productivity declines when the proceedings of the house are disrupted.
  • Productivity is also impacted when the house adjourns before transacting any business. For example, when the house adjourns to mourn the demise of a sitting member or a dignitary.

Most Productive Session:

Lok Sabha Productivity

  • According to an analysis conducted by PRS Legislative Research, the Lower House had registered a record productivity of 128 per cent between June 17 and July 16, which is expected to push up further.
  • In comparative terms, the first session of the 15th Lok Sabha in 2009 had seen a productivity of 67 per cent and the first session of the 16th Lok Sabha a productivity of 66 per cent.
  • The current session is set to be the most productive session for the Lok Sabha in the last 20 years.
  • The members sit late into the night, sometimes even past midnight, to ensure full debates.

Rajya Sabha Productivity

  • The high output of legislations makes the current 249th session of the Rajya Sabha among its most productive ever.
  • However, the the record for the passage of the highest number of Bills is held by the 9th session of the Rajya Sabha when 50 Bills were passed when Jawaharlal Nehru was the PM.

Note: The Lok Sabha, which dissolves after every five years, the Rajya Sabha is a permanent House and is counted by the number of sessions

More Bills to be Introduced:

  • The government proposes to pass four more legislations in the remaining three sittings of the Upper House.
  • These are the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (second amendment) Bill, Dam Safety Bill, Chit funds Amendment Bill and SC Judges Bill.
Section : Polity & Governance

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