Headline : Coming, digital push to Gram Panchayats
- The Union government has decided to start People’s Plan Campaign, also known as Sabki Yojana Sabka Vikas in September, after consultations with the representatives of 16 key ministries.
- Earlier, from October to December, 2018, the government conducted a similar exercise in 2.48 lakh Gram Panchayats (GPs) across the country, which showed several GPs have improved vastly on many indicators while some have slipped. Therefore, a fresh survey is significant.
- Sabki Yojana Sabka Vikas aims to draw up a development plan for each Gram Panchayat (GP) in the country and place it on a website where the development status can be viewed by anyone.
- Gram Panchayats will be mandated for the preparation of Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP) for economic development and social justice utilizing the resources available to them.
How the Gram Panchayat Development Plans will be created?
- Each Gram Panchayat (GP) will be scored out of 100 based on an array of 48 indicators covering various aspects such as health and sanitation, education, agriculture, housing, roads, drinking water, electrification, poverty alleviation programmes, social welfare etc.
- Out of 100 marks, 30 marks will be for infrastructure, 30 marks for human development, and 40 marks for economic activity.
- Based on the marks scored, the GPs will be ranked and the score for each GP will reflect the local needs and priorities.
- The ranking exercise will identify the gaps at the GP level, making an assessment of where it stands, and accordingly plan the interventions.
- For example, for a drought-prone area, water conservation would be accorded the highest priority.
- Within this ranking, households suffering the worst deprivations would be prioritised further.
Source of data on the indicators: The data on the 48 indicators would come from:
- Census 2011 (for physical infrastructure),
- Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 (for Household-level deprivation data), and
- Fresh survey starting September that will be carried out by local facilitators.
GPs performance in 2018:
- A majority of the GPs scored between 41 per cent and 50 per cent on a scale of 100: This shows glaring deficiencies.
- Merely 0.1 per cent and 0.6 per cent GPs fell in the high 91-100 and 81-90 score respectively.
- Top Scorers:
- Tamil Nadu
- Andhra Pradesh
- Bottom Performers:
- Madhya Pradesh
Section : Polity & Governance