Explained: How states are split into seats

Headline : Explained: How states are split into seats Details : Context of the topic: The bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir state into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh calls for delimitation of their electoral constituencies. While the government has not formally notified the Election Commission yet, the EC has held internal discussions on the Jammu andContinue reading “Explained: How states are split into seats”

Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report

Headline : Mapping lightning across India Details : In News: For the first time, a report called Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report has mapped lightning strikes across the country, and the lives they have claimed. About the report: The Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report has been prepared by Climate Resilient Observing Systems Promotion Council (CROPC), a non-profit organisation that works closely withContinue reading “Mid-Monsoon 2019 Lightning Report”

What are NBFCs? What is a debt instrument?

What are NBFCs? Non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are financial institutions that offer various banking services, but do not have a banking license. Generally, these institutions are not allowed to take deposits from the public, which keeps them outside the scope of traditional banking regulations. NBFCs can offer banking services such as loans and credit facilities,Continue reading “What are NBFCs? What is a debt instrument?”

Legislative Council

Legislative Council Article 169 of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of a Vidhan Parishad. Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad is the upper house in bicameral legislatures in some states of India. While most states have unicameral legislature with only legislative assembly, currently, seven states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and UttarContinue reading “Legislative Council”

What is Eco-Tourism? Do you think it should be promoted in India? Why? Critically analyze.

What is Eco-Tourism? Do you think it should be promoted in India? Why? Critically analyze. Approach: At the introduction write the concept of Eco-Tourism Then write the benefits of Eco-Tourism After that write the Potential adverse impacts of Eco-tourism At the end conclude appropriately Model Answer : Ecotourism is defined as responsible travel to naturalContinue reading “What is Eco-Tourism? Do you think it should be promoted in India? Why? Critically analyze.”

In brief: Indo-Pacific Endeavour 2019

Background China in the recent years has embarked upon military modernization, and laser-based weapon system is one of them. The US has reported use of low-powered laser beams by China in South China Sea, East China Sea and Djibouti in the horn of Africa where both China and USA have naval bases. The Chinese low-poweredContinue reading “In brief: Indo-Pacific Endeavour 2019”

Upsc Courses

UPSC Courses|BILLION DAY OFFER| :- ———————— 1) Vision IAS Foundation Course Videos: https://tinyurl.com/yyhdc9vz 2) Ethics Lukmaan Videos:  https://tinyurl.com/yyyc65eu 3) Shubhra Ranjan PSIR Videos : https://tinyurl.com/y6ddxbm4 4) Shubhra Ranjan GS2: https://tinyurl.com/yybf6dxn 5) MK Yadav QEP-GS3: https://tinyurl.com/y67fjw8e 6) Vajiram Crash Course & Test Series Videos: https://tinyurl.com/y6n4h8qh ———————— Combo Courses: HEAVY DISCOUNT ———————— 1) Shubhra Ranjan GS2 VideosContinue reading “Upsc Courses”

Headline : Census 2021 to collect OBC data, use maps

Headline : Census 2021 to collect OBC data, use maps Details : The News In a first, Census 2021 will collect data on Other Backward Classes (OBC).   Key features of Census 2021 The decennial exercise of Census headcount will begin from February 2021. About 25 lakh enumerators are being trained for accurate collection of data.Continue reading “Headline : Census 2021 to collect OBC data, use maps”

Headline : Census 2021 to collect OBC data, use maps

Headline : Census 2021 to collect OBC data, use maps Details : The News In a first, Census 2021 will collect data on Other Backward Classes (OBC).   Key features of Census 2021 The decennial exercise of Census headcount will begin from February 2021. About 25 lakh enumerators are being trained for accurate collection of data.Continue reading “Headline : Census 2021 to collect OBC data, use maps”

Headline : New quota and basic structure

Headline : New quota and basic structure Details : The news The 10% quota for economically weaker sections has been challenged in the Supreme Court on grounds of violating the ‘basic structure’ of Constitution.   Background The 124th Constitutional Amendment has been recently passed by the parliament. This amended two fundamental rights: Article 15 The BillContinue reading “Headline : New quota and basic structure”

Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India?

Approach: Introduce with the background in which the New Industrial Policy of 1991 was adopted Present the highlights of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 Discuss the factors warranting upgradation to a new Industrial policy Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : The New Industrial Policy of 1991 was adopted in a background of rising oil prices,Continue reading “Present an account of the New Industrial Policy of 1991 adopted by the Government of India. Do you think that the New Industrial Policy of 1991 is suitable for the present economic conditions faced by India?”

What are the key drivers behind the growth of the Food Processing Sector in India? Also, highlight some key challenges associated with the food processing sector.

What are the key drivers behind the growth of the Food Processing Sector in India? Also, highlight some key challenges associated with the food processing sector. Approach: Introduce with the Food Processing Sector being a sunrise sector Elaborate the key drivers behind the growth of the food processing sector in India. Highlight some key challengesContinue reading “What are the key drivers behind the growth of the Food Processing Sector in India? Also, highlight some key challenges associated with the food processing sector.”

Everything about Interpol

Headline : India asked Interpol to hasten issuance of Red Notices against fugitives. Details : Why in News: The Union Home Minister Amit Shah has expressed concern over delays by the Interpol in issuing Red Notices against fugitives from India. Shah also proposed that India host Interpol’s General Assembly, in 2022, in New Delhi as part of the nation’sContinue reading “Everything about Interpol”

Official Secrets Act: what it covers; when it has been used, questioned

Headline : Official Secrets Act: what it covers; when it has been used, questioned Details : Why in news? The Government’s recent remarks in Supreme Court on looking into criminal action against those responsible for making “stolen documents” on the Rafale deal public, has brought the Official Secrets Act into focus. About Official Secrets Act: The OfficialContinue reading “Official Secrets Act: what it covers; when it has been used, questioned”

When a bank becomes a PSU

Headline : When a bank becomes a PSU About J&K Bank It was incorporated on October 1, 1938 as a limited liability company to offer banking facilities in the state. The bank is licensed as an “old private-sector bank” under Section 22 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949. Classified as a state government company, it isContinue reading “When a bank becomes a PSU”

Headline : Debate on Uniform Civil Code

Headline : Debate on Uniform Civil Code Details : What is a civil code? A civil code is a systematic collection of laws designed to deal with the core areas of private law such as for dealing with business and negligence lawsuits and practices. A jurisdiction that has a civil code generally also has a codeContinue reading “Headline : Debate on Uniform Civil Code”

Cold Start Doctrine

Cold Start Doctrine: Background: A major escalation in Pakistan’s proxy war took place in the form of the 13 December 2001 attack on Indian Parliament. It was linked to Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorists and led to widespread demands in India for punitive retaliatory strikes. India mobilised its troops as part of the Operation Parakram in 2001-02 to initiateContinue reading “Cold Start Doctrine”

What are the objectives of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme? What core strategies are being adopted by the government in achieving them? (15 marks)

What are the objectives of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme? What core strategies are being adopted by the government in achieving them? (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Briefly note the objectives of the scheme Point out the core strategies of the scheme, including Advocacy, Convergence, Capacity BuildingContinue reading “What are the objectives of the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme? What core strategies are being adopted by the government in achieving them? (15 marks)”

An independent fiscal watchdog for Parliament Editorial 21st Sep’19 TheHindu

Headline : An independent fiscal watchdog for Parliament Editorial 21st Sep’19 TheHindu Details : Access to all of good quality analysis on economic, fiscal or financial matters is important for democracy: For an effective democracy, it is important for our electorate and the representatives to have an independent, non-partisan source for these hard facts and evidence. This isContinue reading “An independent fiscal watchdog for Parliament Editorial 21st Sep’19 TheHindu”

Explain the concept of ‘ Ecological succession’. Enumerate the differences between Primary succession and Secondary succession.

Explain the concept of ‘ Ecological succession’. Enumerate the differences between Primary succession and Secondary succession. Approach: First, explain the concept of Ecological succession Then write the differences between Primary succession and Secondary succession At the end give a conclusion Model Answer : Ecological succession is the process of change in the species structure of anContinue reading “Explain the concept of ‘ Ecological succession’. Enumerate the differences between Primary succession and Secondary succession.”

What were the factors due to which the industrial revolution had first started in England? (10 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with what industrial revolution is Describe the factors that led to industrial revolution in England like need, innovation, availability of raw material and labour etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Model Answer: The term industrial revolution refers to changes brought about by the replacement of hand tools with machine tools in theContinue reading “What were the factors due to which the industrial revolution had first started in England? (10 marks)”

Environment VS Economics Case Study

Details :Background: Protests over environmental concerns have led to the closing down of a Vedanta group’s Sterlite’s copper plant in Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu. Copper smelting and impact on environmentProcess of Copper Smelting: Copper smelting is the process by which the metal (copper) is extracted from the concentrated ore, which has copper combined with sulphurContinue reading “Environment VS Economics Case Study”

In focus: Risat-2B

In focus: Risat-2B Introduction Risat-2B is the 3rd satellite to be launched in the Risat series after Risat-1 and Risat-2 launched in 2009 and 2012 respectively. It is a radio imaging earth observation satellite. It is placed in a 37-degree inclined Sun-synchronous polar orbit at a height of 555 km from earth surface. Specification Radio imaging satelliteContinue reading “In focus: Risat-2B”

About the FAME India scheme

About the FAME India scheme The government had launched the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles in India (FAME India) scheme in 2015 offering incentives on electric and hybrid vehicles of up to Rs 29,000 for bikes and Rs 1.38 lakh for cars. The scheme has 4 focus areas i.e. Technology development, Demand Creation, Pilot Projects and ChargingContinue reading “About the FAME India scheme”

India to get ‘flying Oval Office’ with rocket shield

Headline : India to get ‘flying Oval Office’ with rocket shield Details : The News India is all set to its own version of ‘flying Oval Office’ with advanced self-protection suites. Air Force One or Flying Oval Office as it is called, is the most famous aircraft that the US President travels in. Desi Air ForceContinue reading “India to get ‘flying Oval Office’ with rocket shield”

In focus: New Integrated tri-service agencies

In focus: New Integrated tri-service agencies Introduction In October 2018, the Cabinet Committee on Security cleared the formation of 3 tri-service agencies in 3 critical domains of cyber security, space and special operations. The formation of the 3 tri-service agencies was recommended by the Naresh Chandra Taskforce in 2012. The 3 tri-service agencies that are being establishedContinue reading “In focus: New Integrated tri-service agencies”

What were the factors that led to the rise of Militant Nationalism during the early phase of 20th century?

  Approach: At the introduction write the background of the emergence of Militant Nationalism Then write the factors that led to their emergence, like-policies of Curzon, failure of moderates, impact of international events etc In the conclusion part write their contributions Model Answer : There was a spark of militant nationalist ideology which was emergingContinue reading “What were the factors that led to the rise of Militant Nationalism during the early phase of 20th century?”

Legislative council Vs Rajya Sabha

Constitutional provisions regarding creation of legislative council India has a bicameral system of legislature. Just as Parliament has two Houses, the states can, if they choose, have a Legislative Council in addition to the Legislative Assembly. The Constitution provides for this option under Article 171. Under Article 171 of the Constitution, the Legislative Council ofContinue reading “Legislative council Vs Rajya Sabha”

Engineer’s Day: Sir Visvesvaraya’s contribution to nation building

Headline : Engineer’s Day: Sir Visvesvaraya’s contribution to nation building Details : Why in News: September 15 is observed as Engineer’s Day in India to mark the birth anniversary of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, a civil engineer and statesman. He made contributions to several significant technical projects in his career in Hyderabad, Mysore, Maharashtra and Orissa. Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS       Continue reading “Engineer’s Day: Sir Visvesvaraya’s contribution to nation building”

About NALSA compensation scheme for women rape and sexual assault survivors

About NALSA compensation scheme for women rape and sexual assault survivors NALSA had said that just 5 to 10% of rape and other types of sexual assault victims were getting compensation under the Nirbhaya and other such schemes. As per the NALSA data out of 1,028 cases registered in 2017 under the Protection of ChildrenContinue reading “About NALSA compensation scheme for women rape and sexual assault survivors”

The Samagra Siksha Scheme is a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of school education. Enumerate the salient features of this scheme. (10 marks)

The Samagra Siksha Scheme is a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of school education. Enumerate the salient features of this scheme. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with Samagra Siksha Scheme Discuss the salient features of the scheme preferably under various headers like holistic approach, digital education, inclusive education etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : TheContinue reading “The Samagra Siksha Scheme is a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of school education. Enumerate the salient features of this scheme. (10 marks)”

What is meant by “Internet of Things (IoT)”? What are its potential applications? Why is it being seen as integral to the idea of smart cities? Explain. (15 marks)

What is meant by “Internet of Things (IoT)”? What are its potential applications? Why is it being seen as integral to the idea of smart cities? Explain. (15 marks) Approach: Briefly define the Internet of Things Enumerate the portential applications, say in Manufacturing, Agriculture etc. Explain its utility for smart cities, including in waste management,Continue reading “What is meant by “Internet of Things (IoT)”? What are its potential applications? Why is it being seen as integral to the idea of smart cities? Explain. (15 marks)”

What India pays the world & what it gets back?

Headline : What India pays the world & what it gets back? Details : Why in news? Amid galloping oil prices and a slowing foreign investment, India’s current account deficit for 2017-18 has touched $48bn, the highest since 2012-13. The value of what India’s imports vastly exceed what it exports, spelling concern for our balance ofContinue reading “What India pays the world & what it gets back?”

Briefly discuss about the different agricultural regions of India. (10 marks)

Approach: Introduce with what agricultural regions represent List out the major agriculture regions of India – subheadings either by region name or crop name Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Agricultural region is an area which represents the quality of agricultural land use and its cropping pattern. It generally depicts similarities in the nature of cropsContinue reading “Briefly discuss about the different agricultural regions of India. (10 marks)”

How does Pakistan’s national experience differ from India’s with regard to key aspects of government and law?

How does Pakistan’s national experience differ from India’s with regard to key aspects of government and law?   The Constitution Pakistan’s Constitution Indian Constitution   The preamble to the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan begins with an invocation of “Almighty Allah” and mentions the “Founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah”    Continue reading “How does Pakistan’s national experience differ from India’s with regard to key aspects of government and law?”

Patent challenge mounted against J&J’s attempt to extend monopoly on high-priced anti-TB drug

Headline : Patent challenge mounted against J&J’s attempt to extend monopoly on high-priced anti-TB drug Details : The News Two TB patients have filed a petition challenging Johnson & Johnson’s application for extension of patent for Bedaquiline, the anti-TB drug. Background Drug-resistant TB: The bacteria causing TB have developed Multi-Drug Resistance and Extreme-Drug Resistance even toContinue reading “Patent challenge mounted against J&J’s attempt to extend monopoly on high-priced anti-TB drug”

How Chandrayaan-1 helped confirm and reconfirm water on the Moon

Headline : How Chandrayaan-1 helped confirm and reconfirm water on the Moon Details : The News Scientists from NASA have observed definitive evidence of water ice on the Moon’s surface using data from Moon Minerology Mapper aboard Chandrayaan-1   Key Highlights Data from NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Mapper confirmed the presence of solid ice on the Moon by spottingContinue reading “How Chandrayaan-1 helped confirm and reconfirm water on the Moon”

Making a case for green bonds Editorial 11th Sep’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Making a case for green bonds Editorial 11th Sep’19 FinancialExpress Details : Sustainable development by incentivising low-cost financing: The Earth Summit (Rio, Brazil, 1992) brought a paradigm shift in our concept of development with the recognition that environment and economic policies must work in tandem (that is, sustainable development) to improve the quality of life. One of theContinue reading “Making a case for green bonds Editorial 11th Sep’19 FinancialExpress”

Though the nature of the tribal movements in the initial phase differed from that of the national movement, the two movements merged during the later years. Explain. (15 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with the tribal revolts of the 19th century and the beginning of the national movement Explain how the movements differed – in terms of reasons, targets, methods etc. Explain the factors for the merging of the movement like the entry of Gandhi and intellectual support for the tribals Conclude appropriately Model AnswerContinue reading “Though the nature of the tribal movements in the initial phase differed from that of the national movement, the two movements merged during the later years. Explain. (15 marks)”

MicroCredit Vs MicroFinance

Headline : Explained: What ails the existing microcredit model Details : In News Studies suggest that the existing systems of microcredit have a limited impact on the long-term wellbeing of the recipients. Telegram: https://t.me/MrunalsEconomy           www.UpscExpress.com About: Microcredit Microcredit refers to the granting of very small loans to impoverished borrowers. Rationale Loans givenContinue reading “MicroCredit Vs MicroFinance”

What is a ‘Trade Deficit’? Difference between Balance of Payment (BOP) and Balance of Trade (BOT)

What is a ‘Trade Deficit’? A trade deficit is an economic measure of international trade in which a country’s imports exceeds its exports. A trade deficit represents an outflow of domestic currency to foreign markets. It is also referred to as a negative balance of trade (BOT). Trade Deficit = Total Value of Imports – TotalContinue reading “What is a ‘Trade Deficit’? Difference between Balance of Payment (BOP) and Balance of Trade (BOT)”

In Focus: Regulation of Drug prices in India.

In Focus: Regulation of Drug prices in India. Drugs under price control: All the drugs marketed in India are not under price control. Health Ministry after consultation with experts, draws up a National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM). These medicines are essential for the treatment of common conditions and are thus are put under price control. InContinue reading “In Focus: Regulation of Drug prices in India.”

Explained: Why Amazon fires are worrying

Headline : Explained: Why Amazon fires are worrying Details : In News Over the last several days, the Amazon rainforest has been burning at a rate that has alarmed environmentalists and governments worldwide. News Summary: Mostly caused by farmers clearing land, the fires have thrown the spotlight on Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro’s policies and anti-environment stance.Continue reading “Explained: Why Amazon fires are worrying”

Chakra III:  Akula Class Nuclear-powered submarine

Chakra III:  Akula Class Nuclear-powered submarine Features Chakra III is an Akula-II class advanced nuclear-powered attack submarine. (SSN) Chakra I and Chakra II were inducted into Indian Navy in 1988 and 2012 respectively. It has an advanced weapon launching system capable of firing tube-launched cruise missiles. The communication systems, onboard electronics and tactical Sonars to be fitted in ChakraContinue reading “Chakra III:  Akula Class Nuclear-powered submarine”

Economy: Auto Sector

Headline : Govt. looking at export sops, GST incentives for auto sector. Details : In News The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has assured government support to the crisis hit auto industry to overcome the current slowdown. It also clarified that the government did not intend to ban ICE (internal combustion engine) powered vehicles. However, the governmentContinue reading “Economy: Auto Sector”

Earthquake swarm?

Headline : Why are quakes happening at Palghar? Details : In News Maharashtra’s Palghar district has been hit by a series of low-intensity earthquakes since November last year. The National Centre for Seismology (NCS) has categorised these unusual tremors as an ‘earthquake swarm’. What is Earthquake swarm? In ‘earthquake swarms’, numerous earthquakes occur locally over anContinue reading “Earthquake swarm?”

Char Dham highway project

Headline : Supreme Court clears 900km Char Dham highway project Details : In News The Supreme Court has cleared the Chardham highway project, by modifying an NGT order. It has also ordered to constitute a fresh committee to look into environmental concerns related to the project. It ordered the Ministry of Environment and Forests to formContinue reading “Char Dham highway project”

Life without Iranian oil

Headline : Life without Iranian oil  Contribution of Iran in India’s Oil needs India, the world’s third-biggest oil consumer and meets more than 80% of its crude oil requirements and around 40% of its natural gas needs through imports. In the previous year, almost 10% of its total crude imports were from Iran. In 2018-19 (firstContinue reading “Life without Iranian oil”

Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme

Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme Golden Langur Conservation Project is a habitat conservation project initiated in areas adjacent to Manas National Park. Since golden langur is endemic to north-western Assam, the Central Zoo Authority in 2011 had entrusted Assam State Zoo with the project for the conservation breeding of golden langur. The project covers an areaContinue reading “Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme”

What is Blue-flagging?

What is Blue-flagging? ‘Blue Flag’ is one of the world’s most recognised voluntary eco-labels awarded to beaches, marinas, and sustainable boating tourism operators. Blue Flag programme aims to connect public with their surroundings and encourage them to learn more about their environment. The Blue Flag programme is operated under the auspices of the Foundation forContinue reading “What is Blue-flagging?”

North Eastern Council

North Eastern Council It is a statutory, advisory body established in 1972 via the North Eastern Council Act, 1971. The Council operates under the administrative control of the Union Ministry of Development of the North Eastern Region. It is the nodal agency for the economic and social development of the North Eastern Region. North EasternContinue reading “North Eastern Council”

Week 1- Sep 2019- Current Affairs

Originally posted on Shubhra Ranjan IAS Study:
1) Wetland: Restoration, Threats, Importance, Plan and Objectives : UPSC Examination https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yjbswidsG6s&t=27s 2) Govt. launches campaign to promote ‘eat right movement’ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WIjsdwqcbcY&t=121s 3) Gulmarg defense project : Current Affairs https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FEaRPVkZbUM&t=69s 4) Explained- How to read GDP data : UPSC Examination https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSZlizx-lmE&t=101s 5) Interim Goverment : UPSC Examination https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UAWUlZxrnf8&t=7s…

What do you understand by Blockchain? Enumerate its potential applications. (10 marks)

  Approach: Introduce to the concept of Blockchain technology Briefly mention how Bitcoin became as success built on this technology Discuss potential applications including smart contracts, land titling, governance improvement etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : A blockchain is a decentralized, distributed and incorruptible digital ledger (or a database) that is used to record transactionsContinue reading “What do you understand by Blockchain? Enumerate its potential applications. (10 marks)”

Price controls can do more harm than good Editorial 3rd Sep’19 Livemint

Headline : Price controls can do more harm than good Editorial 3rd Sep’19 Livemint Details : Logic behind pricing of pharmaceutical products: Many healthcare products such as pharmaceutical drugs require years of research and millions of dollars to develop. Even after that, there is always the risk of a new medicine failing to pass human trials. AsContinue reading “Price controls can do more harm than good Editorial 3rd Sep’19 Livemint”

India Russia Agreements

Headline : India & Russia ink 25 pacts to boost energy, defence ties Details : In News: PM Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin held a high level meeting in Vladivostok. PM Modi is Putin’s special invitee to the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok. He is the first Indian Prime Minister to visit the Russian Far East Region. India’sContinue reading “India Russia Agreements”

IIP: how this index is calculated, and what it says about factory

Headline : IIP: how this index is calculated, and what it says about factory output Details : Context: Recently, the Central Statistics Office (CSO) has released “Index of Industrial Production (IIP)”. What is IIP? IIP is an index detailing out the growth of various sectors in an economy such as mineral mining, electricity and manufacturing. ItContinue reading “IIP: how this index is calculated, and what it says about factory”

About Belt and Road initiative (BRI)

About Belt and Road initiative (BRI) The “Belt and Road” initiative was launched in 2013 by Chinese President Xi Jinping. It is an ambitious effort to improve regional cooperation and connectivity on a trans-continental scale.  The BRI consists primarily of- The Silk Road Economic Belt, linking China to Central and South Asia and onward to Europe. The NewContinue reading “About Belt and Road initiative (BRI)”

Bahrain temple project

Headline : Modi launches Bahrain temple project Details : In News: Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the $4.2 million redevelopment project of the 200-year-old Lord Shreenathji temple in Manama in Bahrain. News Summary: The redevelopment project for the Shreenathji (Shree Krishna) temple will highlight the heritage and the 200-year-old legacy of the temple. The new iconicContinue reading “Bahrain temple project”

Just 2km from landing on Moon, Vikram goes silent

Headline : Just 2km from landing on Moon, Vikram goes silent  Details : In News The Vikram lander of the Chandrayaan-2 failed to make a smooth soft-landing on moon, as it was unable to bring down its speed to the required level. About: Chandrayaan-2 The Chandrayaan-2 Mission was launched in July, 2019 to attempt landing near theContinue reading “Just 2km from landing on Moon, Vikram goes silent”

Water is an important natural resource, providing the basis for domestic, agricultural, industrial and other economic activities. Examine the causes for India’s increasing water scarcity. (15 marks)

  Approach Introduce with India’s water availability Enumerate various causes of India’s water crisis including population, water quality, over-extraction etc. Conclude with the need for sustainable use and people-centric approaches Model Answer : Water is an essential ingredient for all life on the planet providing the basis for domestic, agricultural, industrial and other economic activities.Continue reading “Water is an important natural resource, providing the basis for domestic, agricultural, industrial and other economic activities. Examine the causes for India’s increasing water scarcity. (15 marks)”

For a civil servant, which is more important – Technical expertise or Moral values? Give logical arguments in support of your view.

For a civil servant, which is more important – Technical expertise or Moral values? Give logical arguments in support of your view. Approach: Introduce with the role of civil services towards serving the society Explain the importance of Technical expertise and Values for a civil servant Evaluate the significance of one vs the other andContinue reading “For a civil servant, which is more important – Technical expertise or Moral values? Give logical arguments in support of your view.”

Automobile industry: Analysis

Headline : Putting the pedal to the metal Editorial 6th Sep’19 TheHindu Details : Automobile industry: The automobile industry is notoriously cyclical (that is, it sees frequent cycles of ups and downs). It is also a lead indicator for economic growth. The industry is also a lead indicator for economic growth. It has been slowing down forContinue reading “Automobile industry: Analysis”

Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law

Headline : Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law Details : The News: India has declared Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) chief Hafiz Saeed, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar, LeT’s supreme commander of operations in Kashmir Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and fugitive underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, all based in Pakistan, as terrorists under the amended UnlawfulContinue reading “Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law”

Bank merger announcement is a needless distraction Editorial 5th Sep’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Bank merger announcement is a needless distraction Editorial 5th Sep’19 IndianExpress Details : Public Sector Bank (PSB) merger: In a major reform measure, the Union Finance Ministry has announced the merger of 10 public sector banks (PSBs) into four entities. Seen as a response to slowdown: The announcement comes in the wake of growthContinue reading “Bank merger announcement is a needless distraction Editorial 5th Sep’19 IndianExpress”

Highlight the key features of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Draft Bill, 2018.

  Approach: Introduce the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Draft Bill, 2018 Highlight the salient features of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Draft Bill, 2018. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : To stop abuse, abandonment and neglect of older people, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJ&E) hasContinue reading “Highlight the key features of the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Draft Bill, 2018.”

Fintech committee recommends new legal framework for consumer protection

Headline : Fintech committee recommends new legal framework for consumer protection Details : In News: A panel on issues related to financial technology (fintech) has recently submitted its recommendations to the Finance Ministry. The committee has suggested putting in place a comprehensive legal framework to protect consumers of digital services. What Is Financial Technology (Fintech)? Financial technology (Fintech)Continue reading “Fintech committee recommends new legal framework for consumer protection”

August Week-4, Q&A and CA

1) What is the economics behind e-vehicle batteries? https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/what-is-the-economics-behind-e-vehicle-batteries/ 2) Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them? https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/who-are-the-19-lakh-excluded-from-assam-nrc-and-what-next-for-them/ 3)Science for disaster management Editorial 31st Aug’19 TimesOfIndia https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/science-for-disaster-management-editorial-31st-aug19-timesofindia/ 4)hat advantages does 3D printing have over traditional methods of manufacturing? What are its potential applications? https://upscexpress.com/2019/09/01/what-advantages-does-3d-printing-have-over-traditional-methods-of-manufacturing-what-are-its-potential-applications-15-marks/ 5)What are the majorContinue reading “August Week-4, Q&A and CA”

What is the economics behind e-vehicle batteries?

Headline : What is the economics behind e-vehicle batteries? Details : In News In May 2019 NITI Aayog had proposed to ban the sale of all internal combustion engine (ICE) powered 3-wheelers from 2023 and 2-wheelers below 150cc from March 2025, and called for them to be converted to electric vehicles (eVs). To boost eVs, theContinue reading “What is the economics behind e-vehicle batteries?”

Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

Headline : Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them? Details : In News: The recently published final list of people in updated National Register of Citizen (NRC) has stripped nearly 19 lakh people in the north-eastern state of Assam of their citizenship. About: NRC The NRC for a stateContinue reading “Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?”

Science for disaster management Editorial 31st Aug’19 TimesOfIndia

Headline : Science for disaster management Editorial 31st Aug’19 TimesOfIndia Details : Managing disaster and emergency risks: In an increasingly interconnected world, disaster and emergency risks are becoming more complex and difficult to manage. Therefore, it is critically important to optimise the application of scientific and technological capabilities to understand, reduce and manage disaster and emergencyContinue reading “Science for disaster management Editorial 31st Aug’19 TimesOfIndia”

What advantages does 3D printing have over traditional methods of manufacturing? What are its potential applications? (15 marks)

What advantages does 3D printing have over traditional methods of manufacturing? What are its potential applications? (15 marks) Approach: Introduce by defining 3D Printing Mention the benefits of 3D Printing over traditional methods like handling complexity, customization etc. Give some examples of the use of 3D printing, preferably under subheadings of various sectors. Conclude appropriatelyContinue reading “What advantages does 3D printing have over traditional methods of manufacturing? What are its potential applications? (15 marks)”