Tigers and Gujrat

Tigers in Gujarat

  • Till the early 1980s, there were tigers in Gujarat, mainly inhabiting the forests of Dang, Narmada and Sabarkantha districts.
  • According to records, the last tiger died in a road accident in Dang in 1985.
  • Local people generally confuse hyenas with tigers and that is how they assume there are tigers in Gujarat forests.


Population estimation method

  • Tiger population is estimated as per NTCA (National Tiger Conservation Authority) protocols.
  • The protocol entails estimating the minimum numbers based on camera trap method.
  • Camera traps are focused on areas with high probability of tiger sightings.
  • Camera traps are left intact for a period of 45- 60 days.
  • The images are then subjected to analysis using WildID software programme. This software throws up unique ID for tiger based on their stripe patterns and eliminates duplicates.


Tiger Conservation Programme   

  • Tigers are terminal consumers in the ecological food pyramid and their conservation results in the conservation of all trophic levels in an ecosystem.
  • Project Tiger is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Government of India which was launched in 1973 for in-situ conservation of wild tigers in designated tiger reserves.
  • Project Tiger is being implemented in 18 States of India in collaboration with the respective State Governments.


National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
  • It performs supervisory/ coordination role, as provided in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.


India’s present status in Tiger Conservation

  • Due to concerted efforts under Project Tiger since 1973, India alone has the maximum number of tigers and its source areas amongst the 13 tiger range countries.
  • Project Tiger has been more than successful in its endeavour and has put the endangered Tiger, our national animal, on an assured path of recovery.
  • In the contemporary global scenario, this effort hardly has any parallel.