India Russia Agreements

Headline : India & Russia ink 25 pacts to boost energy, defence ties

Details :

In News:

  • PM Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin held a high level meeting in Vladivostok.
  • PM Modi is Putin’s special invitee to the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok. He is the first Indian Prime Minister to visit the Russian Far East Region.

India’s participation in 5th Eastern Economic Forum:

  • In Vladivostok, Mr. Modi participated as the chief guest at the 5th Eastern Economic Forum at the invitation of President Putin.
  • The forum focuses on development of business and investment opportunities in the Russian Far East Region, and presents enormous potential for developing close and mutually beneficial cooperation between India and Russia in the region.
  • PM met other global leaders attending the Eastern Economic Forum, and interacted with Indian Industry and business representatives participating in it. He will also have bilateral meetings with PMs of Japan, Malaysia and Mongolia.

News Summary:

  • Indian PM Modi had a comprehensive talk with Russian President Vladimir Putin aimed at finding new horizons of bilateral cooperation. The two leaders discussed ways to bolster cooperation in many sectors.
  • India and Russia signed 15 agreements/MoUs in areas such as defence, air, and maritime connectivity, energy, natural gas, petroleum and trade.
  • The two leaders agreed to facilitate the strategic partnership to the full.

Stand on Kashmir Issue:

  • Russia has backed India’s move on Jammu and Kashmir, saying that the changes in the status are within the framework of the Indian Constitution.
  • Russia made it clear that J&K was a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan.
  • India and Russia expressed their position against “outside influence” in the internal matters of any nation. Both countries underlined the primacy of international law and emphasized their commitment to the purposes and the principles stated in the UN Charterincluding the inadmissibility of interference in the internal affairs of member states.

Defence Cooperation:

  • The close cooperation in military-technical fields is a pillar of Indo-Russia Special and Privileged Strategic Partnership.
  • The two sides vowed to upgrade their defence cooperation, including by fostering joint development and production of military equipment, components and spare parts.
  • Both countries are in the process of successfully implementing bilateral programme on military and technical cooperation up to 2020.
  • Indian and Russia are likely to seal a military logistics support agreement, the Agreement on Reciprocal Logistics Support (ARLS). The pact will facilitate access to each others’ military facilities for exchange of fuel and provisions on mutual agreement, simplifying logistical support and increasing operational turnaround.

Trade and Economic ties:

  • The two sides prioritize strong, multifaceted trade and economic cooperation as the foundation for further expanding the range of India-Russia relations.
  • The two leaders decided to take the bilateral trade from the current $11 billion to $30 billion by 2025.
  • India and Russia agreed to open a maritime route between the ports of Chennai and Vladivostok to ensure connectivity between the two countries.

Energy Cooperation:

  • The nations also signed a roadmap for cooperation in the hydrocarbons sector with Moscow agreeing to explore supplying coking coal from the region and the nations expanding energy ties in hydro and thermal power.
  • The leaders are determined to forge cooperation in geological exploration and joint development of oil and gas fields in Russia and India, including offshore fields.

Political ties:

  • They shared the view that “implementation in good faith of universally recognized principles and rules of international law excludes the practice of double standards or imposition of some States of their will on other States.”
  • They called for reform of the UN Security Council to reflect contemporary global realities. Russia expressed its support for India’s candidacy for a permanent membership of the UNSC.
  • Russia expressed its strong support for India’s membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group.
  • Russia considers India’s involvement in Afghanistan necessary for stabilizing the conflict-torn country. The two sides expressed their support for an inclusive peace and Afghan-led and Afghan-owned reconciliation in Afghanistan.

Issues of terrorism:

  • Both countries want to improve the functionality of the SCO Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure.
  • The two leaders strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and called on the international community to set up a united front to fight against this evil.

Science & Technology Cooperation:

  • Russia will help train Indian astronauts for the manned space mission — Gaganyaan.
  • The two sides noted the pace of progress achieved in the construction of the remaining four of the six nuclear power plants at Kudankulam.
  • Russia and India would work together in building nuclear power projects in other countries as shown in the Rooppur power project of Bangladesh where both sides worked together.

Section : International Relation