Golden Langur Conservation Breeding Programme
- Golden Langur Conservation Project is a habitat conservation project initiated in areas adjacent to Manas National Park.
- Since golden langur is endemic to north-western Assam, the Central Zoo Authority in 2011 had entrusted Assam State Zoo with the project for the conservation breeding of golden langur.
- The project covers an area of around 23 sq km in a contiguous forest patch in the Manas National Park on the west and the Royal Manas national park of Bhutan on the north.
About Golden Langur
- Golden langur is one of the most endangered primate species of India and one of the ‘World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates’.
- Golden Langurs are endemic to the semi-evergreen and mixed-deciduous forests of Indo-Bhutan border.
- In India, golden langurs are confined to about 2,500 square kilometer between the rivers Manas in the east, Sankosh in the west and Brahmaputra in the south in Assam.
- The world’s smallest river island Umananda, on the Brahmaputra near Guwahati, is known to be the home for golden langurs.
- In Bhutan, Golden langurs are found at the foothills of the Black Mountains.
- However, the number of golden langurs has declined due to:
- Habitat destruction due to extensive fragmentation
- Lack of breeding
- Lack of food
Section : Environment & Ecology