The Samagra Siksha Scheme is a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of school education. Enumerate the salient features of this scheme. (10 marks)

The Samagra Siksha Scheme is a paradigm shift in the conceptual design of school education. Enumerate the salient features of this scheme. (10 marks)

Approach:

  • Introduce with Samagra Siksha Scheme
  • Discuss the salient features of the scheme preferably under various headers like holistic approach, digital education, inclusive education etc.
  • Conclude appropriately
Model Answer :

The Samagra Siksha Abiyaan (An Integrated Scheme for school education) was introduced during the Union Budget 2018-19 with the aim to treat school education holistically without segmentation from pre-nursery to Class 12, with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes. It subsumes the three Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan and Teacher Education.

Salient Features:

  1. Holistic approach
  • Single Scheme for the School Education Sector from Classes I to XII, i.e. extension of interventions to the senior secondary stage.
  • Supporting States to initiate pre-primary education
  1. Administrative reform
  • Single and unified administrative structure leading to harmonised implementation
  • Flexibility to States to prioritise their interventions under the Scheme
  • An integrated administration looking at ‘school’ as a continuum
  1. Enhanced Funding for Education
  • The budget has been enhanced by 20%.
  • Learning outcomes and steps taken for quality improvement will be the basis for allocation of grants under the Scheme.
  1. Quality of Education
  • Emphasis on improvement of Learning Outcomes
  • Enhanced Capacity Building of Teachers in online and offline mode.
  • Focus on strengthening Teacher Education Institutions like SCERTs and DIETs.
  1. Digital Education
  • Enhanced use of digital technology in education through smart classrooms, digital boards and DTH channels
  • Digital initiatives like Shala Kosh, Shagun, Shaala Saarthi to be strengthened
  • “DIKSHA”, a digital portal for teachers to be used extensively for upgrading skills of teachers
  1. Strengthening of Schools
  • Emphasis on consolidation of schools for improvement of quality
  • Enhanced Transport facility and increased allocation for infrastructure strengthening in schools.
  1. Girl Education
  • Bridging Gender Gaps in School Education
  • Upgradation of KGBVs from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12
  • Self-defence training for girls from upper primary to the higher secondary stage.
  1. Inclusion
  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education; Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education
  • Allocation for uniforms and textbooks under the RTE Act enhanced per child per annum.
  • Allocation for Children with Special Needs increased from Rs. 3000 to Rs. 3500 per child per annum.
  1. Skill Development
  • Vocational education which was limited to Class 9-12, to be started in class 6 as integrated with the curriculum and to be made more practical and industry oriented.
  1. Sports and Physical Education
  • Sports equipment will be provided to all schools under this component.
  • Sports Education to be an integral part of the curriculum
  • Support ‘Khelo India’ Programme.
  1. Regional Balance
  • Preference to Educationally Backward Blocks, LWEs, Special Focus Districts, Border areas and the 115 aspirational districts identified by Niti Aayog

This sector-wide development programme/scheme would help harmonise the implementation mechanisms and transaction costs at all levels, particularly in using state, district and sub-district level systems and resources, besides envisaging one comprehensive strategic plan for development of school education at the district level.

Subjects : Social Justice

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