What is Eco-Tourism? Do you think it should be promoted in India? Why? Critically analyze.

What is Eco-Tourism? Do you think it should be promoted in India? Why? Critically analyze.


  • At the introduction write the concept of Eco-Tourism
  • Then write the benefits of Eco-Tourism
  • After that write the Potential adverse impacts of Eco-tourism
  • At the end conclude appropriately
Model Answer :

Ecotourism is defined as responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment, sustains the well-being of the local people, and involves interpretation and education. It is a sustainable alternative to the use of our natural resources without destroying, removing, extracting or mining these same resources.

Benefits of Ecotourism

  • Ecotourism can bring about economic, socio-cultural and environmental benefits for the government, private sector and local communities if well implemented.
  • Revenue from tourist visits help create job opportunities for locals, which in turn, lead to more diversified economy for them.
  • Ecotourism can support conservation and environmental management if properly carried out.
  • Further, resource generation by the way of ecotourism can be further invested in conservation efforts. For example, entry fees imposed on visitors can be channeled towards the maintenance and management of the areas.
  • Ecotourism can also be a tool to raise awareness about the environment and to educate the public on conservation.

Potential adverse impacts of Eco-tourism include:

  • Soil erosion or compactionfrom poorly designed roads and trails that do not follow natural contours and off-road or off-trail traffic to view unique wildlife or resource features.
  • Deterioration of water resources and qualitydue to inappropriate design and siting of latrines, septic tanks, and solid waste.
  • Deforestationfrom firewood harvesting, camping, and construction.
  • Destruction of unique flora.
  • Changes in animal behaviordue to human interference.
  • Pollutionfrom litter, oil residues, or vehicle exhaust.
  • It can also adverselyaffect local resource users living near protected areas.
  • Tourists can have a significant impact on  local community’s cultural and economic integrity.
  • An increase in employment, infrastructure (roads, electricity, telecommunications) technical assistance, or services (education, healthcare) can stimulate people to migrate to the vicinity of a protected area.
  • Also, improved economic conditions are often accompanied by increased production of solid waste.

The arguments give a clear picture of the way forward i.e. Eco-tourism should be allowed in India but adequate regulatory framework with efficient implementation of environmental laws should be pursued. Utilizing local expertise with comprehensive rehabilitation measure shall be sustainable strategy forward biotech.


Subjects : Ecology and Environment