Spread of CO2 over India
Satellite imagery revealed that in India :-
- Southern India and the western coast has somewhat lower CO2 concentrations between 395 ppm and 400 ppm.
- Central and northern regions registered between 400 and 405 ppm.
- Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh has CO2 concentrations between 405 ppm and 410 ppm.
Possible reasons for higher CO2 concentration over India:-
- Lack of a CO2 sink.
- Point sources like forest fires or biomass burning.
- Gaseous transport from neighbouring regions.
Sources of CO2
1. Natural sources
- Ocean release
2. Human sources
- Industrial emissions
- Vehicular emissions
- Forest fire
- Burning of fossils like coal,gas.
Some of the impacts of rise in CO2 Concentration are:-
- Increase in global temperature.
- Melting of glaciers and ice sheets.
- Rise in sea level.
- Change in the climatic patterns of the world.
- Increase in instances of extreme rainfall.
- Moisture and temperature create favourable conditions for disease outbreaks( like Malaria)
- Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger.
- Floods and droughts will be more common.
- Availability of fresh water will be less.
- The recent rise in CO2 concentration is a cause of concern for India.
- But India is committed to fulfil its INDC’s(Intended Nationally Determined Contribution) by following ways :-
- Creating awareness among people
- Afforestation drive
- Implementing Bharat stage IV vehicular emissions norms
- Schemes like Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojna( LPG to every Indian household) will truly materialise the India’s vision.