Vultures in India:
- Experts said that breeding and conservation of vultures has become very important as the bird species are now endangered.
- Almost 95% of vultures in India have disappeared.
- They were said to have perished after consuming carcasses of cattle, which were tainted with Diclofenac, a pain-killer drug.
- The NBP is one of six institutes selected for the vulture breeding programme.
- With financial support from the CZA, construction on a conservation breeding centre for white backed vultures began in 2011-12 in an off-exhibit area of Nandankanan.
- However, it has been struggling to find vultures for captive breeding.
- Now, with CZA ordering transfer of vultures to the Nandankanan zoo, its conservation breeding of white-backed vultures is expected to be back on track again soon.
Central Zoo Authority:
- In India, functioning of zoos is regulated by an autonomous statutory body called Central Zoo Authority which has been constituted under the Wild Life (Protection) Act.
- Its main objective is to complement the national effort in conservation of wild life.
- Under the Recognition of Zoo Rules, 1992, standards and norms for housing, upkeep, health care and overall management of animals in zoos have been laid down.
- Every zoo in the country is required to obtain recognition from the Authority for its operation. It also provides technical and financial assistance to the zoos.
- The Central Zoo Authority also regulates the exchange of animals of endangered category listed under Schedule-I and II of the Wildlife (Protection Act) among zoos.
- Exchange of animals between Indian and foreign zoos is also approved by the Authority before the requisite clearances under EXIM Policy and the CITES permits are issued by the competent authority.